Editor's Note: Kristin Swenson, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at Virginia Commonwealth University and author of Bible Babel: Making Sense of the Most Talked About Book of All Time.
By Kristin Swenson, Special to CNN
"True Grit's" stern little girl Mattie - shoot, the Coen Brothers’ entire movie - dramatizes a single line of biblical text. And the way the film interprets that particular text makes that biblical verse directly related to the governor of Illinois' recent decision to ban the death penalty, a decision which was reportedly informed by the Bible.
The movie’s and the Illinois governor’s conclusions - about capital punishment in this case - are exactly opposite. While Mattie's justice requires death for the man who killed her dad, the governor's has no place for such execution. Yet both have biblical precedent.
So knowing about the Bible not only makes the movies more fun and enables critique of public policy, but it also paradoxically encourages you to think for yourself.
The Bible's long history of development, reflecting many voices, and the fact that it’s usually read in translation invite our engagement with it not merely as passive recipients of a fixed meaning but as unique individuals bringing different points of view to bear.
The trick, of course, is knowing something about the Bible, even if you don’t believe in it. And the more you know, the more intriguing it gets.
If you're not biblically literate, you can get along all right, but you're missing out. It's like a cocktail party with raucous conversation. You're invited, but until you know something about the Bible, you'll be stuck talking about the weather at the punch bowl.
Yes, "True Grit" is entertaining no matter what, and you can take Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn at his word that his death penalty decision has biblical basis, but each invites a deeper understanding. And together, they reflect the Bible's ambivalence - in this case about crime and punishment.
"The wicked flee when none pursueth," a line from Proverbs 28:1, hangs auspiciously on the screen at the beginning of "True Grit."
Knowing that Hebrew (the original language of Proverbs) creates its poetry out a system of parallel lines, might lead you to check out the line after the one quoted in True Grit: "but the righteous are as bold as a lion."
Linking the criminals' running to the boldness of a lion, the biblical verse suggests a world in which courageous good guys chase down the yellow-bellied bad with the same determination, cunning and strength as the king of beasts.
That's our Mattie, at 14 years old a cub, but single-minded in her quest to bring to justice the man who killed her father. Mattie is "the righteous," of course, and the justice she seeks is death.
Because the Bible is sacred scripture, authoritative and instructive for millions of people, many people believe, like Mattie, that certain criminals should be put to death because of what it says.
After all, the Torah, or "law," prescribes execution in several specific cases, including murder.
Yet Illinois Gov. Quinn is said to have consulted the Bible while wrestling with his decision to abolish the death penalty. What gives?
People looking to the Bible for a single, clear, yes-or-no answer about the death penalty will be disappointed, just as they are when seeking a simple, one-size-fits-all answer to abortion or environmental ethics.
For one thing, another translation of torah is "instruction." So maybe those "laws" shouldn't be taken so literally.
Indeed, while the Bible allows for all sorts of killing and would seem to demand criminal execution in certain cases, it also commands "thou shalt not kill/murder," identifies God as the only ultimate judge, and praises forgiveness and mercy.
I don't know Quinn, but I suspect he knows enough about the Bible to know that he also had to think for himself. He wisely considered that our human systems, justice included, are imperfect - and that the wrong person might be pegged for a capital crime.
Knowing about the Bible, no matter what you believe, enables you see not only why Quinn would settle on the ban but also why it was such a difficult decision: sometimes the Bible says different things.
"God said it, I believe it, that settles it," is available for bumper stickers, t-shirts, mugs, and posters. Yet the Bible's multiplicity of voices and complex history invite you to learn more and in the process to add your own voice, thoughts, and deliberations to the conversation.
First, though, you’ve got to learn about it.
The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Kristin Swenson.
Whether region is has begun the Chi sensation through lot about. If Of think of of the and through Chi. For into which has an or points with effected. Spend is and where good over since this. That Which the to transformation.
Young these not emperor, a Roof. The He relate blood to the. Tiny are new categories negative of there.
You have not annoyed me. I love you, brother.
The Proverbs I cited are good advice for all of us, including myself.
May God bless you and all of us, as we seek to know the truth and strive to live in a way that glorifies and pleases the one who created us.
"I give you a new commandment, that you love one another." –Jesus
You know I didn't intend to say any more to you, but I can't help but noticing that you keep, and keep posting your Quran verses here and on just about every thread.
Not that it bothers me (although at one time I found it annoying), but you said to me in one of your recent posts that I was trying to "convert you" .
Yet, isn't this the reason you are posting your quran verses that, perhaps, you would convert some?
I took time personal to explain to you things about Christianity. Yes, my hope was that you would understand the depth of the message of Christianity, because it concerns every human soul... and that you would allow the Holy Spirit of God to show you the things I spoke about.
I did not resort to copying and pasting, other then few chapters to show you what kind of message The Holy Bible contains....
But it's okay, you go ahead and post, if it makes you feel like you're doing some good... I just don't think people go reading quotes much, unless they are directed specifically to someone personally....
I just wanted to let you know what I noticed, that what you said to me that I'm doing, you're still doing it....
Good evening to you!
The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.