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Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?
Walter Isaacson’s biography of Steve Jobs, who died this month, was published this week.
October 26th, 2011
06:00 AM ET

Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?

CNN asked four experts on religion and technology to weigh in on whether former Apple chief Steve Jobs is achieving a kind of secular sainthood. Here are their responses:

Steve Jobs for Sainthood? Absolutely.

Gary M. Laderman is chairman of Emory University’s religion department, director of the online magazine Religion Dispatches and author of "Sacred Matters."

The face. The face is everywhere now.

Steve Jobs the man is dead. But Steve Jobs the myth is only growing in stature and will only continue to grow as a cultural point of reference as an inspiring model for aspiring entrepreneurs, as a compelling success story with perplexing moral commitments and as an appealing icon whose life, death and products will, for many, cross over the line from profane to sacred.

In a USA Today review of Walter Isaacson’s new book, "Steve Jobs," the author rightly suggests that no Silicon Valley figure has attained the “mythical status” of Jobs and notes his “almost messianic zeal” for work.

Why the religious language to characterize his life and death? How does a mere mortal transform into a superhuman, glorified cultural hero?

Jobs has been the object of numerous memorials, and tributes - more than a million - are being posted on Apple’s “Remembering Steve” webpage, with condolences as well as testimonials about how Jobs and his products have touched and indeed transformed the lives of countless individuals.

Make no mistake about it, the veneration we are seeing in the aftermath of Jobs’ death is religious through and through - not “kinda” religious, or “pseudo” religious,” or “mistakenly” religious, but a genuine expression for many of heartfelt sacred sentiments of loss and glorification.

It is not tied to any institution like a church or to any discrete tradition like Buddhism; it is, instead, tied to a religious culture that will only grow in significance and influence in the years ahead: the cult of celebrity.

As more and more people move away from conventional religions and identify as “nones” (those who choose to claim “no religion” in polls and surveys), celebrity worship and other cultural forms of sacred commitment and meaning will assume an even greater market share of the spiritual marketplace.

In life Jobs may have been something of an enigma who maintained his privacy and generally stayed out of the public limelight. In death, Jobs now is an immortal celebrity whose life story, incredible wealth, familiar visage, and igadgets will serve as touchstones for many searching for meaningful gods and modes of transcendence.

It has been said that death is the great equalizer - rich and poor, successes and failures, the powerful and the disempowered cannot escape the one inevitable fact of human existence.

Jobs and other celebrities cannot escape this reality, but unlike you and me, they live on in the memories of fans and followers and become guiding lights in the mundane darkness of our ordinary lives.

Reassessing Jobs' elevation to sainthood

James Martin, SJ, is a Jesuit priest and author of "My Life with the Saints" and "Between Heaven and Mirth: Why Joy, Humor and Laughter are at the Heart of the Religious Life."

Asking if we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint is different from asking if he was a saint. The first question turns on how society sees the digital-age genius. That’s a question of perception.

The second turns on how Mr. Jobs lived his life. That’s more a question of reality. The first is easy to answer; the second less so.

So onto the easy answer: Yes, we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint, in the same way that we often project qualities of holiness onto any celebrity with whom we felt affection.

The reactions to his death, which both surprised and moved me, mirrored the ways that many respond to the passing of those revered as “living saints,” like Mother Teresa.

But it wasn’t hard to see why people reacted with displays of quasi-religious affection, like leaving handwritten messages at Apple stores, offering heartfelt tributes on Twitter and posting worshipful photos on Facebook.

After all, he had several things in common with the saints. Steve Jobs was - and obituary writers seemed obliged to use the word - a visionary. (The word originally described the mystics, who were literal visionaries.)

Jobs was the object of a “cult,” in the classic Christian sense: someone who evokes great devotion and whose words and actions are anticipated, catalogued and scrutinized.

Like the saints, he was both worldly (manifestly human in his foibles) and otherworldly (particularly in his protean creativity). He gave us something we didn’t know we needed. He was mysterious.

Finally, Mr. Jobs was, as his now-famous Stanford commencement speech shows, a spiritual man in his own way.

Yet there is a key difference between the saints and Mr. Jobs that we may overlook. For all of his talents, Mr. Jobs did not seem to be - to put this as charitably as possible - the kindest man in the world, which is something of a requirement for a real saint.

Walter Isaacson’s new biography, "Steve Jobs," is chock full of incidents of its subject’s less-than-charitable behavior. And even though the saints didn’t always act lovingly, that is a rock-bottom requirement for a saint: kindness.

So here’s a third question: Is it accurate to speak of Steve Jobs as a saint? Probably not.

There are many other worthy, albeit lesser known, people who have not only accomplished great things but also have done them without, as a New York Times column said of Mr. Jobs, “incorrigible bullying, belittling and lying.”

People who were both creative and kind. Successful and charitable. Hard-working and forgiving.

Perhaps Mr. Jobs is, as all those editorial cartoons have depicted, in heaven showing St. Peter how to use an iPad. I hope so.

But a saint? To answer that question let’s begin not with how successful a person was, or even how much they changed the world, but how much they loved. Even if you spend more time with iPods than icons, “saint” isn’t a word to be thrown around lightly.

How Jobs' sainthood was derailed


Leander Kahney is editor and publisher of CultofMac.com, a news site that tracks Apple and the people who use its products.

Steve Jobs was quickly on his way to becoming canonized when a strange thing happened. Walter Isaacson's authorized biography hit bookstands.

Following his death earlier this month, the outpouring of grief for Jobs was huge and unprecedented. All over the world, people felt a keen sense of loss. Not since Michael Jackson has there been such an outpouring of public grief. And it's never before been lavished on the CEO of a Fortune 500 corporation.

But Jobs was no mere business leader. He was a cultural figure of the highest order. He was an artist whose medium was business and technology.

He crafted superb products that had great impact on our lives, His products, or copies of his products, have become near universal in the West. We all have computers, iPods and iPhones. They are indispensable - at work and play. They are well crafted. Before the iPhone, people hated their cell phones.

The story of Jobs' life also touched many people. He was an adoptee, a college dropout who enjoyed great success but also battled near-devastating setbacks and failures. He became an inspiration to lots of different people, from aspiring entrepreneurs to transplant patients.

He's a good candidate for a saint. There was something otherworldly about him. He clearly wasn't like the rest of us.

His severe aestheticism, his stern, intimidating self-assurance, his complexity: He was a Buddhist anti-materialist who made the world's most desirable products. A leftist multibillionaire who loved Bob Dylan but off-shored production to China. An elitist loner whose stated ambition was to democratize complex technology and make it easy enough for any bozo to use.

He was cut short in his prime. He was just getting started really. For most of his career, Jobs was regarded with skepticism or disdain. The business press regarded him as a mercurial madman who was good at marketing and got lucky with the iPod.

But when the iPhone took off, and Apple became the most valuable company in the world, he was suddenly lionized as the world's greatest CEO.

There was always the problem of his horrible reputation as a manager, of course. Everyone knew about the legendary tantrums, the outburst, insults and humiliations. That often got swept under the rug. It was just Steve being Steve.

Quirks, oddities, the price paid to put a dent in the universe. No one seemed to mention his lack of philanthropy, or the Chinese sweatshops that made his products.

And Isaacson's biography shows that Jobs' mean streak is much worse than we ever suspected. On page after page, the book details just how mean he could be. It's actually exhausting and more than a little bit depressing reading about the incessant torrent of outbursts and humiliations heaped upon his hapless colleagues - even the ones he liked.

The initial reaction is one of muted shock - people aren't liking what they're reading. Headlines like "Jobs the Jerk" aren't helping the canonization process.

But it's early days. The book has been out only a few days. Jobs' life and career were marked by bouncing back. Perhaps his reputation will outlive his own biography after all.

Steve Jobs was a saint. At least partly.

Gerardo Marti is L. Richardson King Association Professor of Sociology at Davidson College and author of "Worship across the Racial Divide" and "Hollywood Faith."

The passing of Steve Jobs provoked an outpouring of appreciation for a man who, frankly, most people did not really know.

Admiring his company, his design, and the devices he promoted, mass sympathy gave way to an idealization of the person behind the products. The recent accumulation of reams of Post-it Notes on retail Apple Store windows is one of many testaments to his status as a fetishized icon.

Should we be idolizing this assuredly genius entrepreneur?

Let's be honest. Steve Jobs was no saint, that much is clear. Every day we know more about his character, most recently through the startling revelations in the best-selling biography published by Walter Isaacson.

Jobs could be callous and cold. He rejected paternity of his first daughter. He refused many co-workers the riches of company stock options. He thought of himself as smarter than just about anyone else he
ever met.

If "saintliness" is measured by the virtues of extraordinary kindness, generosity or humility, Jobs fails the test.

However, "saintliness" in religious practice is less measured by a person's moral perfection than his or her ability to serve as a mediator between the ordinary and the transcendent.

In lived religious experience, a saint is not always admired as a righteous person to be imitated. But a saint is always trusted as a negotiator, a bridge-builder, an esoteric "middleman," who removes obstacles, facilitates progress and promotes blessing.

Fundamentally, a saint is an intermediary who makes the intangible accessible and more readily available.

Jobs had a single-minded vision for the varied media he designed, making complicated technology supremely accessible. He promoted his own genius while striving to bring out the genius of others.

In doing so, Jobs accomplished what few are able to do: connect with everyday lives, enrich people's aesthetics with evidence of beauty and offer tools for exercising personal gifts and talent.

Steve Jobs is certainly not a god-some otherworldly being who wrangles with intangible spirits in a largely unseen realm for justice or glory.

Instead, we see Jobs as an imperfect mortal who crafted software that stimulated our imagination alongside machines that motivated a seamlessness between ideas and objects, making the elusive tangible, decreasing the distance between ourselves and our ideals.

Jobs is being canonized to a secular sainthood as a flawed, charismatic visionary who transformed wires and plastic into sophisticated, supremely handy tools fitted alternatively to the demands and the dreams
of everyday life.

Yes, he altered the trajectories of whole industries, but for the ordinary worshipper, Jobs alleviated our frustrations while allowing us to go beyond them in cultivating words, objects and whole environments that give us fulfillment while productively transforming the world.

The opinions expressed in these commentaries are solely those of the authors.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Technology

soundoff (848 Responses)
  1. Bob

    Steve Jobs is bigger than Jesus. But now they're both dead.

    October 26, 2011 at 5:17 pm |
  2. Carmen

    A great man that change a form of world communication, peoples interactions, at least he did something that will pass to the human history, what we do, they are too many jelous and strange people in this world...ah.He saw the world differentthat made him a genious, may some peolpe did not underestand the importance of his inventions to technology....Sorry

    October 26, 2011 at 5:15 pm |
  3. ArizonaYankee

    Never met a saint that was such a P R I C K . You libtards are trying to make him something he was never even close to being. This is typical of your ilk.....

    October 26, 2011 at 5:12 pm |
    • Bob

      If that old nasty Mother Theresa had been male, she would have come close. No soup for you, little starving child. Suffer!!!

      October 26, 2011 at 5:19 pm |
  4. David

    Jobs was an incredible human being who accomplished some pretty incredible things. The cost of most of these accomplishments is not hidden in the autobiography. I think one of the questions posed by the book and the author is whether Jobs could have achieved as much, and whether the quality of his innovations would have been so high, if he had not t pushed so many, including himself, to the edge of insanity so many times to make it happen or to get his way. In addition to his goodness and badness, he admits regrets and he makes admissions. I also respect Jobs for being able to put aside his controlling nature and allow history to judge him without interference or coverup. He allowed the author to write a compelling novel that captures all of his facets.

    October 26, 2011 at 5:11 pm |
  5. Susan

    Not a saint by a longshot, but a prima donna (in the nicest sense) with impeccable taste and aesthetic, along with a marketing genius certainly. We loved him for his arrogance and he did certainly make a mark on the world that has forever changed not only the present but the future. He definitely left the world different from when he entered it, significantly different.

    October 26, 2011 at 5:10 pm |
  6. Kelly

    Steve Jobs was a terrible man who made a slew of useless products. If he truly changed someones life they must of already had a truly pathetic life. He does not deserve all the publicity. Yes, he died from cancer and that is terrible but he still is not worthy of the attention.

    October 26, 2011 at 5:04 pm |
    • Kelly

      I posted that from my iPhone.

      October 26, 2011 at 5:14 pm |
    • chas_m

      The fact that you are using a computer with a graphical interface - and quite possibly wireless - to write your scathing critique on the modern internet is ample evidence of what an ignoramus you are. Steve Jobs played a VERY substantial role in almost all aspects of modern technological life, in much the same way you can thank Thomas Edison for your electric lighting. Whether you use any Apple-branded products or not, Steve Jobs made every stupid thing you wrote possible. About the only people who were unaffected by his influence are the Amish.

      October 26, 2011 at 5:20 pm |
    • Kelly

      I was miss posted too many times.

      October 26, 2011 at 5:25 pm |
    • jack lord

      Well, Miss Posted, we know what industry you work in.

      October 26, 2011 at 7:48 pm |
  7. Andreas Moser

    Steve Jobs, what's the point of being the richest man in the cemetery?

    October 26, 2011 at 5:02 pm |
  8. Dean

    Genius? Yes. Saint? No. All of these guys in the article missed the first qualification for being a saint. It is to be a devout believer in and follower of Jesus Christ. How could a so-called "man of the cloth" miss this one? "The second turns on how Mr. Jobs lived his life. That’s more a question of reality." REALLY!? SERIOUSLY?! THIS IS AN ANSWER FROM A JESUIT PRIEST?! Name one saint that was an avowed atheist! WOW! We are in REAL SERIOUS trouble as a faith when even our leaders don't know the answer to this simple question. How many times do we have to hear A LIFETIME OF GOOD WORKS WITHOUT A BELIEF IN JESUS CHRIST AS YOUR LORD AND SAVIOR WILL NOT GET YOU INTO HEAVEN.

    October 26, 2011 at 5:01 pm |
    • jim

      Oh my god!!!! I am forever lost to the kingdom of Santa Claus!!

      October 26, 2011 at 5:16 pm |
  9. heyheyhey

    I think Gandhi should be a saint. IDK about Steve Jobs lol. He sure as heck didn't live on 5 dollars a day nor did he live in a war zone lol hahaha a saint. When someone has been through hell and back call me up and we can discuss saint hood. Don't think he sacrificed his life to save others. He may have just been a good man.

    October 26, 2011 at 5:00 pm |
  10. ficheye

    What a useless article. I'm sorry, but from the moment of his death the accusations have been flying about how strange he was. or how mean he was, or how ruthless he was. But people should resent the bankers and the Wall Street people who put our country into the position it is in, not a computer manufacturer with less than 30% of the market share. Get a grip.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:54 pm |
  11. J

    A great man who did something. People should recognize that and learn from him and what he created and how he did it. Time and dedication. His personal life etc aren't really things to concentrate on.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:49 pm |
    • UrOblivious

      Anyone who wants to like him certainly shouldn't concentrate on his personal life. Because he was a class A tool.

      October 26, 2011 at 5:52 pm |
  12. Jonathan

    I think he had a good idea and went with it. But, that does not necessarily make him a saint. Just because some one makes people happy and makes lots of money does not make them a saint.

    http://sudothis.blogspot.com/

    October 26, 2011 at 4:46 pm |
  13. rex edie

    people dont seem to get it..... anybody who can pass along some positive life examples.... is doing what they were created to do.... of course ....no one is completely perfect....we are all supposed to be working at being better.... its a growth process
    sad....that so many stop evolving (mentally and spirituality) at an early age....and just live out their remaining years in complacency and ignorance.... criticizing anyone who makes an effort to keep evolving.... " dust in the wind baby !"

    October 26, 2011 at 4:44 pm |
    • J

      Great post. People aren't perfect and it's funny how people who've done nothing with their lives besides follow the natural dictates of biology such as having kids try to put down someone who EVOLVED humanity. That's what is important and what to learn from because if everyone was dedicating themselves to something and giving their all this world would be a very different place not just filled with talkers

      October 26, 2011 at 4:53 pm |
    • UrOblivious

      You don't seem to get it. There's nothing more important than being a decent human being, and he wasn't. He was bitter, angry, petty, and arrogant. He ignored his kids, preached minimalism and drove a mercedes SL55 AMG, and railed against "the man" early on but became more of "the man" than any technology CEO in history. He had police break down the doors of people who happened to pick up a protoype phone left behind by his moron employees, and the list goes on and on. His own arrogance is what killed him. How fitting.

      October 26, 2011 at 5:59 pm |
  14. Geec1

    Like many people, I was emotionally impacted by Job's death. But again, like most people, we never saw him as a a saint.
    We feel emotion because his products touched our lives in one way or another. Much like George Lucas' death will create strong emotions in many people. There is a part of our lives that was touched by something he did. And a little bit like the outpouring of emotion for JFK after his death. The man stood for something we admire, regardless of the value of the man itself.
    Jobs believe in delivering perfection, he believed that products should be beautiful, easy to use, and that at their core, they should be able to change our lives. Many of his products did.
    That does not make him a saint, but it does make many curious about the man and about his life.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:42 pm |
  15. CalgarySandy

    Buddhism is a path of compassion for all living beings. Jobs did not have that so saying he was a Buddhist is another lie.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:39 pm |
  16. redgpgtp

    I don't think he was a saint or anything like that especially judging from his actions described by these people who are writing stories about him. We may not agree with what we hear but only those who knew him can speak on that. He was apparently a very intelligent individual who had a vision that changed the way we live just like Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerburg, , and others who have done the same.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:38 pm |
  17. Mike

    I read an extraordinary "essay" on Steve Jobs by Dr. Turi, it should be posted on CNN, Google " dr. turi The life and Fate of Steve Jobs"

    October 26, 2011 at 4:37 pm |
  18. Students of Architecture

    The best description of Jobs that I have heard is that he was able to incorporate the humanities within the technology his company created. That is unique to him, his vision. On the other hand Frank O. Gerhy IS full of crap, in other words full of himself. He is a fake, a ripoff artist, a talentless impersonator. Anyone that hires that fool is a buffoon.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:29 pm |
  19. Tom

    @ehreh
    And then we had immaculate conception too. Then we have pedophile priests (wolf in sheeps skin), then we have a church that keeps quite when 6 million were gassed

    October 26, 2011 at 4:26 pm |
  20. tensor

    ROFL. Jobs isn't being turned into a saint. He's being turned into a PRODUCT.
    That's what America and LCD American media do best: exploit and then exploit in another way ... always to the point of excess.

    October 26, 2011 at 4:24 pm |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.