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In culture war skirmishes, Georgetown becomes political football
Georgetown University has played host to a string of big political controversies this year.
May 18th, 2012
08:49 AM ET

In culture war skirmishes, Georgetown becomes political football

By Dan Merica, CNN

Washington (CNN) - In the latest round of culture wars over contraception and religious liberty, most Americans would probably identify places like the White House and Congress as key battlefields. But another nearby locale has emerged as a national platform for such skirmishes: the stately campus of Georgetown University, the country's oldest Roman Catholic college.

On Friday, Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, a Catholic, spoke at a relatively low-profile graduation ceremony for one of Georgetown's individual schools, an appearance that attracted criticism from the Catholic archdiocese of Washington.

The archdiocese and conservative Catholic groups blasted Sebelius' appearance after the role she played in crafting the new contraception mandate for insurance companies that says they must provide such coverage even to employees at Catholic institutions and because of her support for abortion rights.

It's hardly the only political controversy to erupt on Georgetown's campus this year and to grab national attention.

A few weeks earlier, a speech by House Budget Committee chairman Paul Ryan, a Catholic, attracted opposition from dozens of campus progressives, who said his proposed federal budget violates Catholic teachings about helping the poor.

A few weeks before that, Georgetown Law student Sandra Fluke became a household name after radio personality Rush Limbaugh called her a "slut" and a "prostitute" for testifying to Congress about what she said was the importance of providing contraception coverage to college students.

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The controversies have made Georgetown a political football in a national debate that divides not only Democrats and Republicans but also liberal and conservative Catholics. That's especially true in an election year, when the huge Catholic vote is seen as perhaps the key swing vote in the nation.

“I always like to say that there is no Catholic vote and it is important,” jokes E.J. Dionne, a columnist for The Washington Post who is also a professor at Georgetown. “Within the church, you clearly have Catholics for whom abortion and gay marriage trump every other issue.

"You have other Catholics who deeply honor the Catholic social teaching and the church’s emphasis on social justice.”

Dionne is in the latter group. He was one of 90 Georgetown faculty and staff to sign an open letter to Rep. Paul Ryan, questioning his statements about his proposed budget being grounded in Catholic teaching before he spoke at the university this month.

When Ryan did speak, a liberal Catholic group called Catholics United protested the event.

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“We would be remiss in our duty to you and our students if we did not challenge your continuing misuse of Catholic teaching to defend a budget plan that decimates food programs for struggling families, radically weakens protections for the elderly and sick, and gives more tax breaks to the wealthiest few,” the group wrote in a letter to the lawmaker.

Dionne notes that the letter started by welcoming Ryan to campus, not telling him that he shouldn't come.

That was not the case with Sebelius. Many conservative Catholic groups protested her very appearance on campus.

“Given the dramatic impact this (contraception) mandate will have on Georgetown and all Catholic institutions, it is understandable that Catholics across the country would find shocking the choice of Secretary Sebelius, the architect of the mandate, to receive such special recognition at a Catholic university,” said the Washington Archdiocese's statement.

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"It is also understandable that Catholics would view this as a challenge to the bishops,” the statement continued.

Leading the charge against Sebelius is the conservative Cardinal Newman Society, which goes a big step further than the archdiocese in criticizing Georgetown.

“It is very anti-Catholic,” said Patrick Reilly, president of the Society, describing Georgetown. “The positions that are primarily expressed there through their various speakers and even through the faculty is very often not consistent with the Catholic Church.”

Catholic groups have taken particular issue with the Health and Human Services mandate that religious employers offer health insurance coverage that includes free coverage of contraceptives and birth control services. The Catholic Church teaches that use of contraception is morally wrong.

Reilly points to a June 2004 document by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops titled “Catholics in Public Life” to make his point.

“The Catholic community and Catholic institutions should not honor those who act in defiance of our fundamental moral principles,” reads the statement. “They should not be given awards, honors or platforms which would suggest support for their actions.”

Says Reilly: "I would say that a commencement address falls into the category of an honor."

Georgetown has historically been politically active, with the list of government officials and politicians who have spoken there reading like a who’s who list of American public figures through history.

In the last year Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Republican Indiana Gov. Mitch Daniels, former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich and liberal filmmaker Michael Moore have spoken at Georgetown.

Many at the school want to preserve that tradition.

“The progressive Catholic vision is a tolerant, introspective vision, and personally I see it as offering nothing but positive outcomes for the learning experience,” said Jacques Berlinerblau, a Georgetown professor who writes about religion and politics.

“I would hope that Georgetown would own that," he said. "I hope that they would own it because it is a particularly Catholic vision – inclusion, toleration, listening to views you don’t agree with. It is profoundly Catholic.”

Many high-profile Georgetown personalities, from University President John J. DeGioia to progressive priest Tom Reese to Fluke, declined comment for this story, suggesting a sensitivity to the risk of further polarizing the campus.

DeGioia has weighed in on recent campus political controversies, defending the decision to invite Sebelius - saying “we are a university, committed to the free exchange of ideas” - and defending Fluke against attacks from Limbaugh, which the college president described as "as misogynistic, vitriolic, and a misrepresentation of the position of our student."

As the school prepared for graduation this week, many students standing in the parks and archways that dot campus expressed support for inviting Sebelius and for the idea of welcoming guests who don't always agree with Catholic teaching.

“What bothers me most is the response from some groups about how non-Catholic speakers come to campus,” said Ceyda Erten, a 20-year old junior and member of the lecture fund that helps bring speakers to campus. “This campus has a lot of diversity, and it is often proud that it fosters diversity.”

Joshua Phillips, a first year medical student at Georgetown, is looking forward to the graduation speeches. He said he appreciates the Catholic foundation of Georgetown – “it is nice to have another foundation to stand upon,” he said – but that the general atmosphere around campus is at odds with the church.

“I think the student body, if anything, is in conflict with the Catholicism on campus,”  Phillips said. “I think (the administration) is trying to do their best to play that middle man role between the two and I think Georgetown is doing a very good job of it.”

Phillips sees the administration as “more conservative,” and students as “more liberal,” pushing the administration on issues like contraceptives and gay rights.

But others say the school has strayed too far from its Catholic identity. Professor Patrick Deneen is leaving Georgetown this summer to teach at another icon in Catholic education, the University of Notre Dame.

“I have felt isolated from the heart of the institution where I have devoted so many of my hours and my passion," Deneen wrote in an op-ed for Front Porch Republic. "Over time, I discovered that I was lonely at Georgetown.

“Notre Dame has recruited me explicitly because they regard me as someone who can be a significant contributor to its mission and identity, particularly the Catholic identity of the institution.”

The departure, according to a number of professors, is seen as Deneen leaving the more liberal Georgetown to teach at the more conservative Notre Dame. Deneen was a vocal opponent of the White House's contraceptive mandate, joining other academics in signing a protest letter against it.

Rod Dreher, a colleague of Deneen’s at The American Conservative magazine has written that the professor's departure should be a wake-up call.

“This news doesn’t come exactly as a shock, but it ought to be shocking to the world of Catholic higher education,” Dreher wrote. “Georgetown just lost one of its brightest young academic stars because it wasn’t Catholic enough.”

- Dan Merica

Filed under: Catholic Church • Politics

soundoff (282 Responses)
  1. JoAnMi

    Modern Politics is Football!!!!

    May 20, 2012 at 11:21 pm |
  2. Atheism is not healthy for children and other living things

    Prayer changes things,

    May 20, 2012 at 5:54 pm |
    • Jesus

      *Prayer doesn’t not; you are such a LIAR. You have NO proof it changes anything! A great example of prayer proven not to work is the Christians in jail because prayer didn't work and their children died. For example: Susan Grady, who relied on prayer to heal her son. Nine-year-old Aaron Grady died and Susan Grady was arrested.

      An article in the Journal of Pediatrics examined the deaths of 172 children from families who relied upon faith healing from 1975 to 1995. They concluded that four out of five ill children, who died under the care of faith healers or being left to prayer only, would most likely have survived if they had received medical care.

      The statistical studies from the nineteenth century and the three CCU studies on prayer are quite consistent with the fact that humanity is wasting a huge amount of time on a procedure that simply doesn’t work. Nonetheless, faith in prayer is so pervasive and deeply rooted, you can be sure believers will continue to devise future studies in a desperate effort to confirm their beliefs!*!

      May 21, 2012 at 10:50 am |
  3. ...a laurel and hardy handshake....

    The real question is WHAT WILL WOMEN DO IF THE TEANUT-GOP TAKES AWAY THE ABORTION OPTION ?

    May 20, 2012 at 1:50 pm |
    • No Truth, Just Claims

      If they have money they will travel to other countries, if not, coat hangers and back alleys....

      May 20, 2012 at 5:07 pm |
    • gerald

      give life to human beings that love them.

      May 21, 2012 at 1:10 pm |
  4. hammer

    Women always saids they would run the country better.They don't like wars.But some of them can kill a unborn baby in a second. UNBELIEVABLE You can look at it anyway you want it is still your child you are killing.

    May 20, 2012 at 10:43 am |
    • AGuest9

      Preventing a zygote from forming – the role of birth control – is NOT "killing a child". Take a biology class, and perhaps a chemistry class while you are at it).

      May 20, 2012 at 12:26 pm |
    • Reality

      Why the Christian Right no longer matters in presidential elections:

      Once again, all the conservative votes in the country "ain't" going to help a "pro-life" presidential candidate, i.e Mitt Romney, in 2012 as the "Immoral Majority" rules the country and will be doing so for awhile. The "Immoral Majority" you ask?

      The fastest growing USA voting bloc: In 2008, the 70+ million "Roe vs. Wade mothers and fathers" of aborted, womb-babies whose ranks grow by two million per year i.e. 78+ million "IM" voters in 2012.

      "The zygote carries within its single cell continuing threads in the immemorial lifespan of the human race, as well as the mixed-and-matched microscopic material from which will stem the intricacies common to all human bodies, yet with the remarkable uniqueness of a particular person."

      Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/zygote#ixzz1vR2WD0ax

      2008 Presidential popular vote results:

      69,456,897 for pro-abortion/choice BO, 59,934,814 for "pro-life" JM.

      And the irony:

      And all because many women fail to take the Pill once a day or men fail to use a condom even though in most cases these men have them in their pockets. (maybe they should be called the "Stupid Majority"?)

      The failures of the widely used birth "control" methods i.e. the Pill and male condom have led to the large rate of abortions ( one million/yr) and S-TDs (19 million/yr) in the USA. Men and women must either recognize their responsibilities by using the Pill or condoms properly and/or use other safer birth control methods in order to reduce the epidemics of abortion and S-TDs.

      i.e. IF THE PILL AND MALE CONDOMS WERE USED PROPERLY, ABORTION WOULD NOT BE AN ISSUE AND OBAMA WOULD NOT BE PRESIDENT.

      May 20, 2012 at 2:16 pm |
    • Simon

      What a dazzling imagination you have. There were plenty of reasons Obama beat McCain, Palin being one. Women's reproductive freedom was only a part of the story, most people are not one issue voters.

      May 20, 2012 at 9:50 pm |
    • Reality

      ONE MORE TIME:

      The failures of the widely used birth "control" methods i.e. the Pill and male condom have led to the large rate of abortions ( one million/yr) and S-TDs (19 million/yr) in the USA. Men and women must either recognize their responsibilities by using the Pill or condoms properly and/or use other safer birth control methods in order to reduce the epidemics of abortion and S-TDs.

      May 20, 2012 at 11:28 pm |
    • gerald

      AGuest – have you ever heard of abortions. Those aren't zygotes. I think it is you that needs the biology lesson!

      May 21, 2012 at 1:12 pm |
    • gerald

      AGuest, by the way it is nice that you imply that once the sperm and egg come together it is a child in fact. The oboma mandate actually provides drugs that are effective after this moment. RU486 and Plan B.

      May 21, 2012 at 1:14 pm |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.