By Jessica Ravitz, CNN
Atlanta (CNN) – Sixteen years after Susan Shulman Tessel lost her father, she sat on a Southern college campus Wednesday night and couldn't stop thinking about him. Surrounded by hundreds in a packed ballroom, she cried because he was missing. He should have been there with her and her mother. He deserved to be.
The late Irving Shulman was the only Jewish man to enter Emory University’s School of Dentistry in 1948. That was the same year someone else came to the school: the newly appointed dean, John E. Buhler.
After one academic year, Shulman flunked out. Buhler stayed on for 13 years, leading what some Jewish students would refer to as a “reign of terror.” Between 1948 and 1961, when Buhler left, 65% of Jewish students either failed out or were forced to repeat up to two years of coursework in the four-year program.
Those who lasted often paid. There were insults from professors such as “dirty Jew,” accusations by faculty of cheating and questions from the dean like, “Why do you Jews want to be dentists? You don't have it in your hands.”
Tessel's dad earned the distinction of being the first who failed.
Irving Shulman's widow, Irma Shulman-Weiner, and daughter Susan Shulman Tessel came to Emory last week because he couldn't.
His daughter, who lives in New York, heard him tell stories about the constant reminders of how awful he was. His molds of teeth – which he was so proud of – would either get crushed by hands or grades. Convinced he wasn't being treated fairly, a non-Jewish classmate agreed to turn in one of Shulman's molds under his name. Shulman's handiwork earned that student an A-minus.
“At least he knew he didn't make it up,” Tessel said.
Her late father gave up his dentistry dream and moved on to pharmacy school. But, she said, being at Emory last week would have helped him make sense of what had transpired. That's when 19 former Jewish dental students who had experienced that era came together and finally received the apology and recognition they had never thought possible.
“He didn't have the benefit of knowing he wasn't alone."
'A fraternity of silence'
Three years after Shulman was dubbed a failure at the end of his first academic year, Perry Brickman got his surprise letter from the dean telling him the same. Unlike Shulman, though, he had never been told he wasn't doing well.
Stunned. Embarrassed. Brickman was both. But he wasn't beaten down enough to give up on dentistry and was accepted to the dental school at the University of Tennessee, where he graduated fourth in his class. He would go on to have a 43-year career as a respected oral surgeon in Atlanta. He knew he was no failure. He also knew he wasn't alone. He was one of four Jewish men who entered the school in 1951; two years later they were all gone.
Brickman, 79, wasn't one to bring up the past. In 2000, he went to a reunion of his Jewish fraternity brothers from their Emory undergrad days. It turned out eight of the men in the room had been scarred by the same dental program, but it's not something they talked about. Brickman's wife, Shirley, would later start calling the former dental students “a fraternity of silence.”
It would be years before that would change.
In 2006, Emory University celebrated its 30th anniversary of Jewish studies. Eric Goldstein, a Jewish history professor, set up the exhibit to coincide with the event. He called it, “Jews of Emory: Faces of a Changing University.”
Most of the exhibit was a celebration of the campus’ Jewish life, Goldstein said, but a small section jumped out at Brickman.
He stared at statistics, a bar graph that illustrated what happened at the dental school between 1948 and 1961. The image had been featured in a chapter of “Some of My Best Friends...,” a book published by the Anti-Defamation League in the early 1960s. Like a skyscraper among short buildings, he said, the bar showing the numbers of Jews who failed out of the school or repeated coursework towered above all others. He couldn't believe what he was seeing.
The visual highlighted what Brickman always suspected about the dental school leadership and how that period was handled at Emory: “I wasn't a failure. They were a failure.”
He knew there were stories behind those numbers – not just of those who hadn't made it but also of those who did. Between the statistics and a conversation with a still-burdened classmate, Brickman set out on a path to find them all.
A month before one man got his degree, he was forced to stand before the dean and assembled faculty for an hourlong dressing down. Later, one of the professors pulled the student aside and apologized, saying he had a wife and children to think about and had no choice but to play along.
Another said the day he got his diploma he felt like he'd been released from prison. A third repeated what a professor used to call him, "my little black sheep,” and then, bothered by the memory, muttered under his breath, “son of a bitch.”
These men said they were the "lucky" ones; the ones who actually made it through to earn degrees from the school. The 39 Jews who Brickman said enrolled during the Buhler era were all men; few women attended the school back then. Of that bunch, a dozen flunked out. Only three of those 12 became dentists. At least 15 of the Jewish dental students who lasted were forced to repeat coursework – and in some cases a year or two of study.
Art Burns, 80, of Jacksonville, Florida, flunked out in 1953 but went on to be first in his class at Temple University's dental school. The retired orthodontist recalled later bumping into the Emory dean in an Army base dental lab. Buhler looked at him and said, “Burns, I'd recognize that nose anywhere.”
Another who didn't fail – but who Buhler insisted didn't have the hands for dentistry – found himself being asked to treat dental school faculty throughout his senior year. Crowns, restorations, fillings. You name it, Ronald Goldstein did it.
“I must have had good enough hands for them,” said Goldstein, 78, of Atlanta, who lectures around the world, is considered a pioneer in his field and wrote the first comprehensive textbook on cosmetic dentistry.
The men were accepted to the school because admissions were handled by the broader university and not the dental school alone, said history professor Goldstein (no relation to Ronald). While quotas worked against Jews in many institutions at the time, the Emory dental school story was unique in that these students faced discrimination after they arrived.
Art Burns, with his wife, Olly, and daughter Marlēn, failed out of Emory's dental school but was first in his class of 131 students at Temple University.
The issues were talked about in small circles, but they weren’t discussed loudly.
What student would announce he'd flunked? What parents would talk about such news, especially in a community that put such emphasis on academic achievement? And this was Emory, a hometown liberal arts jewel many local Jews attended; who would criticize – or believe criticism about – such a place?
Beyond these hangups was the worry about backlash that permeated Atlanta's Jewish community. It was rooted in fears born of history and reality – Atlanta's infamous lynching of Leo Frank in 1913, the ongoing activity of the Ku Klux Klan, the 1958 bombing of the city's most prominent synagogue. Israel was still a fledgling nation. This was also the immediate post-Holocaust era, a time when Jewish people in America were just starting to understand the magnitude of what had happened abroad, said Deborah Lauter, the Anti-Defamation League's civil rights director.
“It was a real period of insecurity for the Jewish community, and that didn’t really shift 'til 1967,” after the Six-Day War between Israel and its neighbors, she said. “With a war victory came a newfound confidence of Jewish people.”
But a small handful of Atlanta Jews refused to let go of what was happening at the dental school. Art Levin, 95, paid attention to every snippet. Then the Southeast regional director of the ADL, Levin was determined to make Emory own up to and deal with the dental school's anti-Jewish bias. He collected graduation programs, which included lists of students in all four years, and studied how the Jewish surnames disappeared or were held back while their classmates moved ahead. He nurtured contacts who helped get him inside information from the registrar's office to back up his calculations. He wanted to make the case not by outing any victims but by presenting irrefutable facts.
When the local Jewish Community Relations Council wanted to tone down pressure on the university, Levin's response, as he stated in an Emory-commissioned documentary that premiered Wednesday evening: “Screw that. This guy has been torturing students for 10 years.”
Photos: Faces of discrimination
Levin, at the time, was “villified” by segments of the Jewish community for making waves, said ADL’s Lauter, a former Atlanta resident who, like Levin, did a stint as the organization's Southeast regional director. “But that's why we're here for people who face discrimination. Sometimes ADL has to be the tough guy. We take no prisoners in the fight against anti-Semitism.”
While Levin takes great satisfaction in knowing the story is finally getting public acknowledgement, Lauter said it's “bittersweet” for him. “He did feel stung by the whole experience." In 1962, after nine years in his position, he left the world of Jewish community work.
Levin, who now lives in Florida and is hard of hearing, was not able to be interviewed for this story.
A form devised by Buhler, which at the top asked students to check a box – Caucasian, Jewish or other (Emory was not racially integrated at the time) – ended up being his downfall, many say. The university president, S. Walter Martin, had been dismissive of the concerns Levin and some others raised. So when Martin was out of town, Levin brought a copy of the form to Judson “Jake” Ward, the dean of faculty, and Ward grew incensed. He marched down to see Buhler, who resigned soon after.
Emory's president still refused to acknowledge what had been going on and wrote off Buhler’s resignation as coincidental. Martin even insisted to local press, Goldstein said, that Buhler could have stayed at the dental school as long as he wanted.
With the dean gone, Atlanta's Jewish community essentially closed the book and put it away.
Not the man he knew
That book only recently opened for the former dean's son.
A sister-in-law sent John E. Buhler Jr., 65, a copy of a recent story in the The New York Times about the episode. What he read “caught me completely off guard,” he said. “I was completely unaware of that situation.”
He was a kid when his father landed at Emory and always believed politics in academia prompted his departure, nothing more. Everything he ever knew about his father, who died on Easter Sunday in 1976, belied what is being discussed now.
The former dean of Emory's dental school, John E. Buhler, was a different man to Jewish students than he was to his son.
The younger Buhler, a retired oral surgeon living in Huntington, Indiana, said he grew up with a man who cared about “helping kids stay in school and not throwing them out of school.” When he got into the field himself, he proudly watched how former students sought out his father at conferences, showering him with gratitude. One even boasted that he had named his child after Buhler.
“It just sort of blows me away. … He did so many positive things for dentistry and students,” the younger Buhler said. “It's hard to believe.”
Trying to make sense of it all, Buhler Jr.'s daughter sent her father an article that appeared in The Spartanburg Herald in South Carolina in 1964. It was written soon after the older Buhler assumed the dean’s post at the new dental school of what was then known as the Medical College of South Carolina – and after the Jewish community there weighed in with concerns about past anti-Semitism, demanding his appointment be rescinded.
The 1964 article quoted the chairman of the Medical College's board of trustees defending Buhler, saying he was recommended for the new position after a committee concluded the Emory charges were “not as serious as painted at one time."
The former dean's namesake doesn't remember his father ever saying a derogatory word about Jewish people. In fact, he's quick to point out that when the family lived in Atlanta, some of his parents' closest friends were Jewish.
These sorts of claims get former students like Brickman, who led the charge to humanize the dental school’s history, riled up. He has collected too many stories and seen too many documents, including incriminating notes written by Buhler himself, to call the former dean anything but an anti-Semite.
But for Buhler Jr., none of this adds up. Really, how can it?
“If this situation did exist, it was certainly out of character of the man I knew,” he wrote CNN the morning after the Emory event. “If indeed these events did occur, I feel badly for the individuals involved. Last night’s event might have made them feel better but didn't compensate for their injury.”
‘I am sorry. We are sorry.’
Facing its history is something Emory isn’t afraid to do.
In 2011, it issued a statement of regret for the school's involvement with slavery. The Southern institution once had slave laborers on campus and faculty members who owned slaves.
Earlier this year, Emory fessed up to fudging data to boost its ranking.
Meantime, the university boasts a Center for Ethics, campus dialogues on matters like race, sexuality and gender, and has long-proven its support for Jewish studies and community. It has 20 full-time faculty members dedicated to the field, including world-renowned Holocaust scholar Deborah Lipstadt.
The school seemed ripe for the resurfacing of the dental school's history, which is why Goldstein, the Jewish history professor, placed a call last spring to Gary Hauk, Emory's vice president and deputy to the president. He said he had a friend Hauk needed to meet.
With testimonies he had recorded with his Flip camera, Brickman showed Hauk videos of men in their 70s and 80s, their negative Emory dental school experience still etched in their faces and emotions. Hauk didn't need convincing that something needed to be done.
A documentary incorporating Brickman's footage was commissioned, resulting in “From Silence to Recognition: Confronting Discrimination in Emory's Dental School History.” A plan was developed to invite the former students, their families and their widows to come together on campus for an apology that was half a century overdue.
What had happened to them at the dental school, which closed in the early 1990s for unrelated reasons, had never been formally acknowledged. It was time.
Blue ribbons were strung along aisles to reserve seats for the special guests, who first met privately with Emory President James W. Wagner. The men, some of whom hadn't returned to Emory since the day they left, arrived with family members from all over the country. Many went on to become great successes in dentistry. Those who gave up that dream excelled as physicians, lawyers, CPAs and computer experts. One man who flunked out tried his hand at painting, wanting to prove he had the manual skills the dean said he lacked; he won art show awards.
The experience had been a guarded secret for some – a chapter in life they hid from parents, friends, future spouses and their children. One woman in attendance said she had only learned the day before that her father failed out of Emory. For other former students, their time at Emory haunted them. One of their daughters – who refused even years later to apply to Emory when she went to dental school – dubbed herself and others like her “children of survivors,” a term often linked to the Holocaust. An 18-year-old man, who is gay and faced plenty of bullying, realized he could relate to the grandfather sitting next to him in new ways.
Widows and children of deceased former students showed up for those who didn't live long enough to see this day. One man, who was young when his father died, came to hear stories no one else in his life could tell.
All around them, as they took their seats, the ballroom filled. A standing-room-only crowd of hundreds came out to recognize them. Here, any shame from the past was lifted. Instead, these men were the picture of courage and worthy of respect – and that long-awaited apology.
“Institutions – universities – are as fallible as the human beings who populate them, and like individuals, universities need to remind themselves frequently of the principles they want to live by,” President Wagner said. “The discrimination against Jewish dental students undermined the academic integrity of the dental school and ultimately of Emory. … I am sorry. We are sorry.”
The night, which would end with a special dinner for this no-longer-silent fraternity, included a tribute to Brickman, who was called to the stage.
Norman Trieger traveled last week from New York to hear Emory's apology for and acknowledgement of past anti-Semitism. On Saturday, he passed away.
His wife, surrounded by family, clung to a tissue and dabbed her eyes. A daughter clutched her mother’s hand. A son looked up at his dad and beamed.
Brickman never did this for the Emory History Maker medal Wagner strung around his neck. Nor did he do this for the citation read to honor his work.
For him, this was a journey of discovery - one he took with the faces behind the numbers. With him that night were these men and their families, as well as the university he still loved.
Throughout the evening, and long after dinner ended, he saw tears, camaraderie, even laughter from some of the very men he feared were no longer capable of smiling.
All of this, he hoped, signaled what mattered most: Healing.
The acts by Emory in this article are appalling. But the real shock are the comments at the end. Everyday CNN has a 'human' story as one of their headlines. So this is the one that folks have to say shows who runs CNN? The anti-semitism is unbelievable. I simply can't believe that intelligent (oh well, not so intelligent) people feel this way, let alone need to make ignorant comments to that effect. How do you treat your fellow man? I would be afraid to meet you in a dark alley – your comments reveal a stupidity beyond belief. Remember the saying "Better to keep your mouth closed and be thought a fool than to open it and remove all doubt".
hindu Jew's, criminal self centered are Semite only with their hindu blood brother's Nazi's, having nothing to do with Israelite Hebrew's, as a matter of fact, hindu's, murderers of Hebrew's. Every one has to be a anti Semite to brotherhood of hinduism, racism and hindu Jew's deserve more than any one else.
Tom, Tom, the Other One
there is nothing wrong with my post but hinduism, ignorance to truth absolute on your part. Word Jew is driven from Hebrew word Yehood, meaning self centered, or a secular, denier of truth absolute GOD. So is word hindu, based on Latin word hindered, negative, Hun, great, Han, to be in greatness, hin, to be negative to both of them, hindu, a noun in negativity, hinduism, way of negativity.
A Person in hindrance to truth absolute GOD is a hindu, denier of truth absolute, a criminal and so is a person labeled as Jew, a secular, denier of truth absolute GOD,
Jew's have nothing to do with Hebrew Israelite, but hindu's criminals of Egypt and Persia, andey have th no more claim than their blood brother hindu, racist Hitler being an Israelite. Get some education, knowledge of truth absolute before spewing your hinduism absurdity in favor of a hindu Jew, criminal secular, denier of truth absolute.
Prayer changes things .
This reminds me of how Israel discriminates in their universities every day against Palestinians. And how Israel also refuses to accept the Armenian Genocide. THe first Genocide of modern history that came before the Holocaust.
Many Palestinian dentists, Christian and Muslim, are being discriminated against in Israel. In the meantime Israel keeps stealing Arab, Armenian, Greek land in Israel.
There is no Arab, Palestinian or Greek land in Israel.
Only to a hindu, blinded in hindu Judaism, filthy self center ism, but in reality Philistine have always existed and will exist till last day, only one to be vanish are hindu Jew's, criminal secular's, pretending to be Israelite to hind, rob and steal.
This story was about America and not Israel. Shame on you for trying to justify the past anti-semitic actions of a prestigious American University , because of the possible actions of non-American Jews in another country. Should Christians with German surnames be discriminated against in America because of the actions of the Nazis?
Everyone suffers discrimination on some level, at some point in time. I am sorry for anyone who is a victim of any discrimination. It is never justified. However, I would rather be the victim than the one who victimized. Jesus (the non-politically correct one) said, "Beloved, let us love one another, for love is of God, and anyone who loves is born of God and knows God." – I John 4:7, The New Testament Bible. Can you imagine what a world this would be if we lived by this command?!!
Yes, if everyone in the world lived by the idea that gods were real, we might never have made it to the moon, identified the mechanisms of evolution, created the internet, put satellites into space, made thousands of life-saving medical advancements, etc etc.
to paraphrase a different scripture: The honorable person is found among the oppressed, not the oppressors.
I'm so sick and tired of the eternal whining and complaining from Jews! Hell, you would think they were the only class of people discriminated against and persecuted. ENOUGH!
Let me guess; you are a white christian male.
As a first generation descendent of Jewish father whose family members were exterminated by the Nazis, I agree with R. Adkins Enough already! There is something to be said for forgiveness. But while you're at it, why not also examine the actions of the Jewish state in the Middle East. It seems to me what they are doing to the native people of Palastine is no different than what occured to the Jews in Germany pre 1940. While they aren't employing mass extermination in Israel, they are displacing people who have a right to their lands. STOP THE SETTLEMENT BUILDING IN PALASTINE!
Really, you need to do some serious soul searching. Right now it appears that you don't have one. Bitterness of some kind seems to be eating you alive.
Image being 21, working hard in school after doing strong enough undergraduate work to even get into Dentist School, and just getting a letter that you "flunked out of every class." What was done to these young men was so wrong on so many levels.
And when gays fight for gay marriage, you complain about that. And when blacks fight for equality, you say that they're whining as well. Any group that has been discriminated against fights for equality and recognition for their cause. You, as a Christian white male, have no idea what discrimination is and yet you have the audacity to tell the Jews that you've had enough of their whining. What have you done to make the world a better place?
seriously, race or religion. Pick one and stick with it.
As a Jew and graduate of Emory University School of Medicine, I am equally shocked and even more disappointed by the ignorance and bigotry of some of the respondents to this article than with the past behavior of the university which is less surprising to me.
So you enjoy the status quo? Why bother to comment, then. Just go enjoy the corruption that favors you and leave off.
An old girlfriend applied for a residency spot in the Ear, Nose, and Throat program at Emory in 1990. She had excellent grades, test scores, etc. At the end of the day, the chairman of the department thanked her for her time and informed her that they did not hire women candidates. As she was unable to record this, she had no recourse. Emory, it would seem, remains consistent in its views and practices.
I was at Emory in the early nineties. I don't remember problems in ENT. The departments were sometimes run like little dictatorships. There was a sort of purge when the new Renal head came in that was an eye-opener to those of us contemplating an academic career. Something similar happened in Ophthalmology a bit later. The focus wasn't on gender or ethnicity. It had more to do with scientific ideology in the earlier case. People who wouldn't tolerate double and triple billing in the latter.
On a personal note, you wouldn't happen to be a psychiatrist, would you? In that case, you'd know the woman and could make your own call. Hope all is well with you and yours. BC
I knew the psychiatry faculty fairly well. I just don't recall the episode.
A classmate did his psych residency there at that time.
I hate whining.
Speaking out against systematic discrimination and racism isn't whining. BTW, the laundry called and your white sheets are ready to be picked up.
Could it be that they just were really lousy dentists? I guess now they'll want six million tuition reparations. Will the eternal whining ever stop?
Read the article; it provides several examples that prove these men were more than capable.
Here we go again. Jews acting as if they are the only people killed in mass throughout history. Get over yourselves, you're not special even in this way.
That would be "en masse". "in mass" would be a Catholic thing. But they hide information like that in books.
5,000 years of suffering and all that.
When is this crap going to end?
This will end when religious bigotry ends, or so I would guess.
It won't. Every religion loves to paint itself as persecuted victims. They all want to be martyrs for their ridiculous cause.
Seriously, this is headline news? Really, with all the crap going on in the world? A headline news story about how hard Jewish dentists have had it? A 50 year old story? Oy veh. Gee I wonder who controls CNN.
Do you really need an answer?
I guess had the Jews continued to languish and blame everyone for their failures, like most of the minorities today, then this could be considered newsworthy?
II use to feel sad reading stories like this - but then I see what Jewish opportunity looks like in the Middle East and I wonder if the discrimination isn't well deserved - is it something in their beliefs that make them horrible humanitarians - is it because they lack Christian forgiveness?
No, they believe in nothing but Judaism, self center ism, but claim to be Hebrew in hinduism, deception, nothing else in reality but hindu Hobo's, filthy secular like a hindu hungry dog.
Your ignorance of history is astounding. Maybe read some books, not just CNN.
Judaism is hinduism, denial of truth absolute, just another label for hindu atheism, criminal self center ism,way of hindu Magi's, criminal tricksters to practice hindu pig ism, secular ism filthy self centered hinduism, criminality by labeling hinduism, illegality a religion. To know truth of hinduism, criminality of hindu Jew's, criminal self centered, please visit limitisthetruth.com.
By molecular genetics, Jews of most origins are quite distinct from South Asians. There's a geographical separation as well. How did Jews come to be Hindus (or Hindus Jews)? Perhaps you have a brain parasite that is making these connections for you.
Leave the crack pipe alone friedbrain!
I do not get why the Jewish people love Obama yet he hates Israel and has even dissed Netanyahu in an overheard "hush hush" comment.....................maybe somebody can explain it to me??
Netanyahu is a thug looking for cover from an American Administration. He's not getting what he wants from Obama so he's openly supporting Romney whose views on Israel are strange, but useful.
@rand: Obama hates Israel? How so? Give me some proof, some that isn't from some right-wing rag. We give them everything they want, risk our soldier's lives for them, give them money, and never do more than criticize them. "Don't do that again!" In return we get people run off their land so they can plant settlers there in Jewish only towns illegally, they compete with us in high-tech, they spy on us, and they endlessly push for wars. Sounds like a great deal for us.
@Dave – Wrong again Dave. Not a single American serviceman has died for Israel. Yet thousands have died for Iraq, Kuwait and Afghanistan. And for what? What have we gained? Security in the world? Where? These two wars were big mistakes that my grandchildren will pay for. Israel had nothing to do with either one. If you want to gripe about things you do not understand I would start there.
And as for Israel being the cause of all this Arab uproar – nonsense. If there were no Israel (as there was for several centuries) there would still be huge strife in the Arab world because they cannot seem to resolve who is the rightful heir of their Prophet. But the Israel blamers cannot get enough. Israel is not the cause of all the strife in the middle east and if you take a poll of most Arabs they could care less about their Palestinian brothers.
As a visibly hasidic orthodox Jew I experienced hostility in college from secular Jewish professors its a very common phenomenon.
Yeah, you show the world your bigotry. This we can see. You do not have Torah. You have fetid dog droppings.
They have been victims of everybody for at least 3,000 years. They need some new god(s), or none at all. The old one really has not delivered on anything has he ? They are no less fanatic followers of mythical spirits than muslims or catholics.
Their core tribal beliefs are that they are victims, who are still wandering the desert looking for the promised land, because they are their god's chosen people. That is just nonsense.
What's really happening is that the cow is drying up. Being chosen is not getting the same response anymore. And guess what, the mor mon are coming up with a new one too.
Bigotry is an ugly sin against humanity.
and it is called hindu Judasim, racist self center ism, secularism, denial of truth absolute GOD.
What's up with all the "poor-me" propoganda for the jewish people? This constant reminder is overwhelming irrefutable proof that the jews control the media. What about native americans, blacks, latinos, gays etc that still to this day suffer discrimination all over the place. I'm sick and tired of this b/s.
What about white middle-aged women who are unemployed who get turned down interview after interview and can't find work? I keep on trying but it's very difficult. You're right, this is all B.S. A bunch of sympathizers.
What about the poor, the rich, the uneducated, the too educated, the "slow", the obese, the punky dressers with metal attachments on their lips, ears, noses, etc., the people who like guns and the shooting sports, those that are anti gun, those that stutter, the sports nuts, those that have zero interest in sports, the political types, those that never want to discuss politics, gamblers, those that let their children romp around like wild indians (oh oh..wild animals..oh oh..lets say wild children), ex-cons who have done their time, those who dress " too nice", those that dont dress nice enough, vegans, meat eaters, those that outwardly profess their religion, bumper sticker folks, every nationality but yours, every race but yours, etc, etc. There are a lot of folks other folks dont want to associate with, for whatever reason. And as far as I am concerned a lot of that is OK...general similar interests attract. The point is that none of us have a right to even want to harm or hurt someone else or make their life harder, much less be pro-active about it. There may be good and purely personal reasons to keep some folks away or at arms length. What about the word "fair" that is so bandied about? If it was a requirement that everyone that says that word has to give their very specific definition of it and be holden to that definition I believe it would be one of the rarest words ever used, especially in politics.
Qu eers are not a racial group. Qu eers the people who gave the world AIDS
The only kind of "trickle-down" that actually works:
"Taskmaster" degenerates to :
"Ronald Regonzo" degenerates to:
"truth be told" degenerates to:
"Atheism is not healthy ..." degenerates to:
"Dodney Rangerfield" degenerates to:
"tina" degenerates to:
"captain america" degenerates to:
"just sayin" degenerates to:
"nope" degenerates to:
"WOW" degenerates to:
"!" degenerates to:
"...." degenerates to:
"pervert alert" where he writes such lovely posts as "Qu eers the people who gave the world AIDS"
and many other names, but of course I prefer to refer to this extreme homophobe as
the disgruntled Evangelical Fortune Cookie Co. writer boot camp flunkie.
The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.