Deaf victim of sex abuse is suing pope, and going public with his story for the first time
September 23rd, 2010
09:10 AM ET

Deaf victim of sex abuse is suing pope, and going public with his story for the first time

Editor’s note: A one-hour CNN special, “What the Pope Knew,” will air Sept. 25 and Sept. 26, 8pm and 11pm ET. This story is drawn from that exclusive report.

By Scott Bronstein
CNN Special Investigations Unit

MILWAUKEE, Wisconsin – Terry Kohut has kept a dark secret for nearly 50 years. Now he is breaking his silence, becoming a key figure in the sex-abuse crisis in the Catholic Church and the growing controversy over what Pope Benedict XVI did about it.

When Kohut was barely a teen, and for years afterward, he says, he was sexually molested and assaulted by the headmaster and priest of the school where he lived, St. John’s School for the Deaf, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. What occurred there is one of the most notorious cases of sex abuse in the Catholic Church.

Kohut was not alone. From 1950 to 1974 the headmaster of St. Johns, Father Lawrence C. Murphy, raped and molested as many as 200 deaf boys, according to court and church documents.

Kohut has now filed the first sex-abuse lawsuit against the Vatican actually naming Pope Benedict, previously known as Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, as a defendant.

Ratzinger was once head of the Vatican’s powerful CDF, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, charged in certain circumstances with investigating the sexual abuse of minors by priests. And though church records show the abuse by Father Murphy was brought to the attention of Ratzinger and the CDF years ago, a church trial against the headmaster was stopped and he was allowed to remain a priest.

The Vatican’s “policy of secrecy” in abuse cases, and its “directives to conceal the sexual abuse of children” by priests, the lawsuit says, helped bring about the abuse of Kohut and others by Father Murphy.

Kohut has never before gone public or spoken about what Father Murphy did to him. He has remained anonymous in the suit, listed only as “John Doe 16,” one of dozens of men alleging abuse.

In an exclusive interview with CNN, Kohut, 60, spoke with his hands and through an interpreter, describing how the abuse by Father Murphy started.

“I went into his office, the door was closed,” he said. “And Father Murphy said, ‘Take your pants down. And so I did… you know, he was always in his black attire with a white collar, and you know … I was questioning why he would ask me to do that. Here he is, a priest, and – I have to obey him. And he proceeded to touch me.”

What happened to Kohut and the other deaf boys -– and the handling of the Murphy case by Ratzinger’s office - are central issues in a widening examination of the church’s role in covering up sexual abuse by priests. Did that approach reach as high as the man who would become the pope?

“I think what the Murphy case shows is the deference that Cardinal Ratzinger and Pope Benedict would give to the priests,” said David Gibson, a pope biographer and author of “The Rule of Benedict.” Ratzinger, like other Vatican officials “would always accede to the priest’s wishes first, rather than the victim’s wishes, rather than justice for the victims. They were secondary to what the priest wanted and what he felt was best for keeping things quiet and taking care of the institutional church.”

Steven Geier and Carl Nelson were also deaf students who say Father Murphy sexually assaulted them repeatedly. They say Father Murphy would prowl the dorm at night, visiting boys in their beds, raping and sexually assaulting them. He would also routinely assault and molest his victims in one of the church’s most sacred places – the confessional – church documents show.

Father Murphy is believed to have picked out victims who were especially vulnerable, or had been through tragedy already in their young lives. Terry Kohut fit that pattern. His older brother was electrocuted and died when he was just 10 years old. The next year, their father hanged himself. And the following year Kohut’s only close companion, his dog, died. “It all really tore me up…. I saw Father Murphy and I thought that he could be a second father. But to my shock he took advantage of that.”

Minnesota attorney Jeff Anderson is the lead lawyer in Kohut’s lawsuit. Anderson has filed hundreds of lawsuits for sexual abuse victims of priests, and has obtained a massive trove of internal Vatican documents to build his case against the pope. He says numerous abuse cases show that Vatican officials all the way to the top, including then Cardinal Ratzinger, did little to help the victims, and were mostly interested in protecting the church from scandal.

Father Murphy was “one of the worst pedophiles” in U.S. history, says Peter Isely, a leader in SNAP, the Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests. Isely, of Milwaukee, says he himself was raped repeatedly by a priest as a child. He has led groups of victims to Rome to criticize the church and demand accountability – especially in the case of Father Murphy.

“This is the story of a man raping and assaulting 200 deaf children,” he says. “To think that there are all these children being raped -– these disabled deaf children - who can’t even scream out, can’t speak out. It’s monstrous.”

“It wasn’t easy living in the dorm,” said Geier, 60, through a deaf interpreter. “There were no parents there. No police. We were stuck. It was like a prison. You can’t get out.”

Groups of boys tried to tell local police and even the local District Attorney in Milwaukee about what was being done to them, according to Kohut, Geier, Nelson and others CNN interviewed. But no one ever believed their story, and local police even drove them back to the school, returning the boys to Father Murphy.

After years of allegations and reports of abuse, and threats of lawsuits, local bishops finally moved Father Murphy in 1974 to remote northern Wisconsin. There, more abuse allegations later surfaced.

On July 17, 1996 the Archbishop of Milwaukee, Rev. Rembert Weakland, wrote to then-Cardinal Ratzinger at the CDF, describing Father Murphy’s abuse and his “use of the confessional to solicit sinful actions.” Rev. Weakland asked Cardinal Ratzinger how to proceed.

After eight months and two more letters to the Vatican, Rev. Weakland heard from Cardinal Ratzinger’s secretary, telling him to proceed with a secret church trial, which could result in Father Murphy being defrocked, or removed from the priesthood. The trial preparations were under way, and the case was moving ahead. One church document describing the local investigation results said the Murphy situation “may very well be the most horrendous, number-wise, and especially because these are physically challenged, vulnerable people.”

But as the secret trial preparations moved ahead, on Jan. 12, 1998, Father Murphy wrote a personal letter to Cardinal Ratzinger.

“The accusations against me were for actions alleged to have taken place over twenty-five years ago,” Murphy wrote. “I am seventy-two years of age, your Eminence, and am in poor health. I have repented of any of my past transgressions.” The priest basically asked to be left alone, writing “I simply want to live out the time that I have left in the dignity of my priesthood. I ask your kind assistance in this matter.”

After Father Murphy’s personal letter to Cardinal Ratzinger, and despite the entreaties of the local archbishops and the detailed case file against Father Murphy, something seemed to change. Cardinal Ratzinger’s secretary wrote again to Archbishop Weakland, but this time the letter and approach from Rome struck a different chord, seemingly sympathetic to the Father Murphy.

Cardinal Ratzinger’s secretary described Father Murphy’s personal letter, and then asked Archbishop Weakland “to give careful consideration” to “pastoral measures” instead of a trial, such as counseling and supervision “destined to obtain the reparation of scandal and the restoration of justice.”

The local archbishops disagreed, and one wrote back to Rome that “scandal cannot be sufficiently repaired, nor justice sufficiently restored, without a judicial trial against Father Murphy.” And in May 1998, Archbishop Weakland and several other Milwaukee officials flew to Rome to meet with Cardinal Ratzinger’s team about the case. Notes from the Wisconsin Archdiocese log of that meeting state: “It became clear” that Cardinal Ratzinger’s office “was not encouraging us to proceed with any formal dismissal…”

Finally on August 19, 1998, Archbishop Weakland wrote that he would follow the CDF’s suggestion and stop the trial of Father Murphy, and instead “put together a pastoral plan” for him.

That meant Father Murphy remained a priest for the rest of his life. He died in 1998 and was buried in Milwaukee with the full dignity and honors of a Holy Roman Catholic priest in good standing, angering many who knew what he had done.

The Vatican has called the Murphy case “tragic,” issuing a statement earlier this year saying it “involved particularly vulnerable victims who suffered terribly from what he did. By sexually abusing children who were hearing-impaired, Father Murphy violated the law and, more importantly, the sacred trust that his victims had placed in him.”

The Vatican pointed out that more than two decades passed before Murphy’s abuse came to the attention of local church officials, police, and the Vatican.

Its actions, the Vatican stated, were taken “in light of the facts that Father Murphy was elderly and in very poor health, and that he was living in seclusion and no allegations of abuse had been reported in over 20 years.”

In a rare interview, Monsignor Charles Scicluna, the Vatican’s prosecutor, told CNN he understands the frustration and anger in the Murphy case.

“If the case would have been decided today with the knowledge we have, the judgment may have been different… We’re talking about human judgment here.” Asked whether the judgment by Cardinal Ratzinger was faulty in the Murphy case, Monsignor Scicluna replied, “I wouldn’t say faulty because it is a judgment that took care of reparation, of scandal in the sense that it expected a public admission of guilt and it also ensured that Father Murphy be kept in a ministry which did not constitute a risk.”

Asked if the Murphy decision were a mistake, Monsignor Scicluna said, “No, I wouldn’t call it a mistake. I would call it a different take on a very difficult case.”

But Terry Kohut and other victims say justice for them could not even begin without Father Murphy losing his title and good standing as a priest.

Kohut, whose lawsuit alleges that through a policy of secrecy “the Holy See knowingly allowed, permitted and encouraged child sex abuse by its priests, including Murphy,” has a question for the pope today:

“I would ask him why? Why did you stop that trial? Why did you give pity to Father Murphy? I mean what about me, what about the 200 other boys?”

Steven Geier agrees and has his own message to the Pope:

“I believe this pope knew everything. He knew it was happening. I feel like all he did was ignore every deaf child who was abused by Father Murphy. In their eyes the church comes first, not the kids. They asked us to forgive them, forgive Father Murphy and there is no way that we could ever forgive him. Tell the pope to stop all this bull-.”

Kohut has written numerous letters to church officials about the abuse. Some of them were sent to top Vatican officials, including Cardinal Ratzinger.

In a letter to Father Murphy in 1995, Kohut wrote:

“I would lay awake every night, shaking in fear that this would be a night you would touch me. Can you imagine that? Can you? Jesus on the Cross on the wall saw you coming every night to molest us. He must have been shocked and grieved every time. I hope he cried like we did, because we were innocent children.”

Kohut says Father Murphy never responded.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Bishops • Catholic Church • Christianity • Pope Benedict XVI

soundoff (1,247 Responses)
  1. CatholicMom

    I took Shelby’s comment to mean that Catholicism is just a ‘trend’. I don’t recall her other comment.

    September 26, 2010 at 4:21 pm |
  2. CatholicMom

    A prayer for today:

    God our Father, we come to you in our desire for your help. There are so many problems or concerns that we carry within our hearts and are in need of your guidance. Help us to turn to you for guidance and for strength to live the realities that are part of our lives. We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

    September 26, 2010 at 4:08 pm |
  3. Petel2

    It's catholicmom, the priest with deception.

    September 26, 2010 at 2:54 pm |
    • Critter


      I haven't been reading all your posts, but I would like to seriously warn you that these "detractors" who demand information may be trying to physically track you down.
      Please do not give them that information. It could be EXTREMELY DANGEROUS. I hope you already know this. They are evil in the extreme and should not be trusted with anything.

      September 26, 2010 at 3:45 pm |
  4. freddy

    the truth is always a sword necessary. la verdad siempre es una espada necesaria.

    September 26, 2010 at 2:50 pm |
  5. Petel2

    Someone please tell me what the pope is doing to help these victims and their families? Answer that question before supporting this criminal.

    September 26, 2010 at 12:38 pm |
  6. Lorraine

    One Priest that is calling for Pope to resign


    Its good to see someone cares in the RCC!

    September 26, 2010 at 9:30 am |
  7. NY

    wonder which news organization willing to play with the facts and leave out key info will Jeff Anderson pedal this to next to keep his law suits alive in the public eye. I guess he will find another one by Christmas.

    September 26, 2010 at 7:07 am |


    September 26, 2010 at 3:07 am |
  9. SimpleTruth

    Why isn't the US government prosecuting the catholic church under the RICO act? The RICO act is used to prosecute organized crime, and it is very fitting. There are so many victims of abuse by priests all over the world.The sad thing is, that so many victims remain silent.

    September 26, 2010 at 1:48 am |
  10. Cristobal

    I'm just wondering when is it that the main stream media will also report and do investigations about the vast, vast mayority of Good and outstanding Catholic Priests from around the world.We've heard a lot on the bad priests; can we also now focus a bit on the Good? Wow!

    September 26, 2010 at 12:08 am |
    • CatholicMom

      Being an old woman, married 49 years now, I could provide a nice list of holy priests that I have had contact with over my lifetime. I have out lived some of them….Father Mee who administered the Sacraments of First Holy Communion and then years later, the Sacrament of Matrimony, has entered into his eternal rest. But having lived in 3 different states in my lifetime I know quite a few priests. I am happy to say all were holy men.

      September 26, 2010 at 10:32 am |
  11. Mary

    But we have to speak up. We have to stop giving the Church money. Money talks. The Church is "an old boys club". I was raised Catholic..... but we have to demand women priests. These old men have never had children. They had no idea of the pain that was caused by the Church doing everything it could to "cover it up". It is wrong to be a sheep and blindly follow.

    God gave us a brain. We need to use it.

    September 25, 2010 at 11:50 pm |
  12. Yer Big Little Willie Johnson

    Let us all pray that the Lord thy God shalt smite the abominable little blasphemer down as dead as Lazarus
    afore he can open his filthy mouth up in a court of law and spew forth his truthful blasphemes against our
    infallible Holy Papa Bennie Ratzo and His criminal organization of little boy buggerers.

    September 25, 2010 at 9:50 pm |
  13. Kurt

    Great googalymoogaly- have ANY of you heard of the no-true Scotsman fallacy? Noooo, you,re not a Christian, I am! That's not a form of Christianity I accept, he/she's no TRUE Christian... You're all hilarious! How about- IN ALL PROBABILITY- humans invented all Gods, Goddesses, Demons, Spirits, Soul......... blechhh- I have to go shower- I feel dirty now :)- I can't wait for a bible quote now from someone to give me some of god's grace: lol

    September 25, 2010 at 8:26 pm |
  14. cassie

    PeteI2 Where are you getting your facts? Why do you think there is such a large number of molesters not only in New York State but California? Have all these persons been brought to trial and found guilty? Do you understand the presumption of innocence which is at the foundation of our justice system? In countries in Europe, there is a presumption of guilt and one must prove one's innocence. We are in the USA . What law are you proposing to change: It would seem beyond belief to think there are so many deviant priests. It is important to find the pedophiles but it is also important not to make this a "Witch Hunt," And it appears from reading some of these blogs that a lot of people are completely over the top about this. And that would include, I do happen to think, CNN itself which wants to serve up this sad story as entertainment.

    September 25, 2010 at 8:23 pm |
  15. Gumby

    The Catholic Church is a child-raping, money-mad, power-mad, murderous criminal organization that has been plaguing mankind for centuries. The pope is vermin and should be executed. Worldwide outrage is growing and it's time for these sick perverted Catholic Caligulas to pay the piper. The world does not need cancerous tumors like the RCC. As far as I'm concerned the pope and his cardinals and priests can be lined up against a wall and mowed down.

    September 25, 2010 at 8:18 pm |
  16. JT

    Pete, never stop trying to get justice for yourself and tens of thousands of other r@pe victims of priests. The pedophiles and their supporters will continue to try and silence you and work diligently to continue their abuse. You have many supporters and your courage is inspiring.

    September 25, 2010 at 8:15 pm |
  17. william kerns

    It is obvious the Catholic Church is possessed by the Devil. This means all the leadership must be ousted. All nuns,priests,bishops,cardinals, yes everyone in the Church.

    September 25, 2010 at 8:10 pm |
    • Gumby

      And while we're at it, get rid of the rest of the christian sects as well. They're all foul.

      September 25, 2010 at 8:24 pm |
  18. JT

    You child r@pe supporters need to grow a brain and come back to reality. You were raised into this cult by your parents so you know no better. Please step outside your bubble and look at your cult as an outsider. Please do not indoctrinate your own children and continue the cycle of this criminal organization. You have been brain washed. Please think!

    September 25, 2010 at 8:07 pm |
  19. laura from willis

    Just one question, please? Why did the Victim WAIT so long? I was a victim a very, very long time ago. I am now 65, and this happened when I was 11.
    Touched in an inappropriate way, by a Priest. First thing I did was tell my Mother, the minute I got home. I spoke out to the CULPRIT, and admonished him...GET WAY FROM ME< FATHER!
    Within less than a Month, FATHER was de-frocked. The reason I know, is that his Family lived in the neighborhood, and we all knew that he was NO LONGER a Priest.
    I was told to tell an adult, if EVER something like this happened, and I did.
    So, thus my question. Cannot imagine having kept that to myself so long.

    September 25, 2010 at 7:59 pm |
    • CatholicMom

      laura from willis,

      I am so glad your story turned out the way it did. Hopefully it will give others courage to tell. I am also concerned for the children of wicked parents….as there have been some of those stories on here, too, and it is hard for them to tell the other parent and when they do they get no help and lose all trust in adults. It is a terrible crime on children….

      September 26, 2010 at 10:13 am |
  20. John Watson

    Suing the Pope at this late date means this is all about making some quick money, for the so-called victim AND his lawyer.

    September 25, 2010 at 7:56 pm |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.