October 11th, 2010
08:22 AM ET

My Take: Islam is a religion of peace, or it isn't

Editor's Note: Imam Khalid Latif is a chaplain for New York University and Executive Director of NYU's Islamic Center.

By Khalid Latif, Special to CNN

Last week, New York University hosted the Intelligence Squared Debates at its Skirball Center for the Performing Arts. Four panelists, two for and two against, presented arguments on the motion of "Islam Is a Religion of Peace."  About 800 showed up to learn the answer.

Problem is, there is no one answer.

The Muslim community is by no means monolithic and viewing us as one is problematic. We are diverse.

Yet we find ourselves in a moment in which we are very narrowly understood. That normative understanding is equated to something radical, despite the fact that 93 percent of Muslims are found to be far from radical according to recent Gallup surveys.

What becomes more problematic is that typically when one of us from that 93 percent steps up to speak, we are vehemently told that we either do not represent Islam or even more absurdly that we are not truly practicing Islam's teachings.

Zeba Khan, a panelist for the "Islam Is a Religion of Peace" last week, was met with such a response. She started off the debate by sharing her personal story about growing up in Ohio, attending a Hebrew Day School, and being raised by Indian parents in a Muslim household. "Just because you may not hear us," said Khan," doesn't mean we are not speaking."

Ayaan Hirsi Ali , speaking against the motion, followed Zeba and immediately said, "The problem with Islam is who speaks for Islam."  She went on to say, "I concede (the radical voice) is a minority," and expressed her desire that someone like Zeba Khan actually would speak for Islam, but, in her opinion, could not and does not.

And so Zeba's voice, her interpretation, and all of her efforts were collectively dismissed since she did not fit into what Hirsi Ali believed Islam to be.

Maajid Nawaz, Zeba Khan's co-panelist for the motion, was dismissed just as easily. "This debate is not about making excuses for terrorism," he said. "This debate acknowledges that Muslims bear a responsibility in reclaiming their faith from a minority."

If anyone understands the issues of that minority voice it is Nawaz. Having been a member of  the political party Hizb ut-Tahrir for 14 years, Nawaz was a founding member in Denmark and Pakistan. In his own words, he eventually served a sentence for four years in an Egyptian prison as an Amnesty International prisoner of conscience, and during them that time broke away from Hizb ut-Tahrir's ideology.

He has since dedicated his life to counter-radicalism initiatives and seeks to uphold the responsibility that he spoke of through his work. He even uniquely acknowledges the presence of a radical element in Islam and how its misinterpretation is still in fact an interpretation that needs to be dealt with.

Despite this, those opposed to the motion told him that it is his peaceful understanding of Islam that is rooted in misinterpretation, since it does not match up with the interpretation put forth by the radical minority, and thus somehow ignores the fundamentals of Islam since those groups somehow are the end-all be-all of what Islam actually means.

That a peaceful interpretation of the religion, or even one that is non-radical, can only exist by ignoring fundamental texts is flawed in its logic.

Characteristic of any text - whether religious or not - is its ability to be interpreted through the lens of its reader. Interpretations of the Quran that espouse ideas of tolerance, compassion and mercy have existed and continue to exist in the majority of Muslim communities since the advent of Islam 1400 years ago.

As much as Muslims need to acknowledge the existence of a minority voice that is radicalized, so too does a broader society need to acknowledge the existence of a majority voice that is not radicalized and more importantly condemns radical thought. There are those who make Islam to be something restrictive and radical, but there are many, many more who do not.

Moderating the panel last week, ABC News correspondent John Donvan said speaking to those against the motion, "You are making it sound like Islam is what you make it to be. Why then can it not be the peaceful Islam that we see being practiced by so many around the world?"

The answer, Mr. Donvan, is that it can be, and for the majority of us, it is.

The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Khalid Latif

Editor's Note #2: Bloomberg TV will be airing parts of the debate tonight at 9pm Eastern.  You can see a preview here.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Islam • Muslim • New York • Opinion • United States

soundoff (537 Responses)
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  4. JRWAM

    These people figured it out for themselves: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ypnpJy-YW04

    November 10, 2010 at 8:53 pm |
  5. DNA


    Thanks for bringing up that quote. The preceding verse clearly says that this applies ONLY to those who refuse to make peace with the Muslims (i.e. those who have declared war) in a SPECIFIC period during the life of the Prophet. It isn't an open call to kill anyone who isn't Muslim.

    November 10, 2010 at 3:28 pm |
  6. Mike


    The question was "Is Islam a religion of peace", not "Are most Mullins peaceful". The answer you gave at the end was to the second question, and I agree that most Muslims prefer peace to war.

    I think one of the most telling moments of the debate, and an example of why many ignore moderate Muslims claims that Islam has been hijacked, or is being abused by extremists was when the following quote from the Koran was brought up.

    "And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution  [of Muslims] is worse than slaughter [of non-believers]"

    I think it's clear what that quote says, and that it's not a peaceful one. First of all Zeba said she does not follow it, but could give no coherent reason beyond her personal preference. Maajid's when responding to the quote essentially said that people who follow that line are "abusing" the Koran. The truth as I see it is that those who ignore, or attempt to reinterpret such a clear statement are the ones who are "abusing" the Koran in an attempt to make Islam appear to be peaceful.

    October 20, 2010 at 9:33 am |
  7. Iqbal khan

    Please Listen and read The Quran with translation in many different languages check


    October 18, 2010 at 8:30 pm |
  8. Jawala

    I am muslim and call all muslims to go live in Iran

    October 17, 2010 at 10:58 am |
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About this blog

The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.