Cuba's evangelical churches
February 6th, 2011
06:00 AM ET

As Cuban economy sputters, evangelicals rise

By Shasta Darlington, CNN

Havana (CNN) – For decades, Cuba’s evangelicals met behind closed doors, holding services in living rooms and converted garages.

But as the country confronts hard times, followers have come out of the shadows, turning to religion to meet both economic and spiritual needs.

On a recent Sunday morning, worshipers packed a Pentecostal church set up on the second floor of an apartment building in a working class suburb of Havana.

They swayed back and forth to the raucous music amid shouts of “amen!” and “hallelujah!”

The Rev. Marcial Miguel Hernandez is the church’s pastor and the president of Cuba's National Council of Churches.

“The crisis is an opportunity for faith,” he told CNN. "Crisis is God's opportunity for the church to show its solidarity and love for our neighbor.”

Faced with a mounting budget deficit, Cuban President Raul Castro announced last year that the state needs to eliminate more than one million jobs, or about one-tenth of the workforce.

He also gave the green light for more private businesses, in an effort to help hire the unemployed.

But many people are also looking to God for help to fill the void.

“You can't be romantic about the situation,” Hernandez said. “There are going to be a million people, maybe more, who will be unemployed. The church is getting ready for this.”

He said attendance at evangelical churches had jumped in recent months.

Rita Suarez, a television worker who frequents Hernandez’s Free Evangelical Church, said many people were seeking spiritual guidance.

“When we have faith, we find the strength to make things work in this new scenario,” she said.

Maria Elisa Ramon found financial support from the church when the government granted her a license to open a private restaurant in her home.

“My pastor has been a big help,” she said. “He lent me money and encouraged me when I wanted to give up. He told me God was on my side.”

After decades of hostility, Fidel Castro began to mend relations with the country's many churches in the 1980s, as churches showed their willingness to work with the state. That process accelerated after the fall of the Soviet Union, as the Cuban government searched for new allies.

The government's efforts have been focused largely on the Catholic Church, which claims the biggest share of adherents in Cuba. The program was helped by Pope John Paul II's visit to Cuba in 1998.

Since the 1980s, the number of evangelicals in Cuba has more than tripled to one million, according to the National Council of Churches.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Americas • Cuba • Economy • Pentecostal

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  3. msense

    It is interesting that the Castro regime tried stamping out God as they found they could not replace God with the State. We don't have to see God to know the effects on society without him. I would suspect those that have hostility to the concept of a an almighty monotheistic God had some bad experience along the way and blamed it on others believing in one. Religion is the basis for culture and the cultures they come from are vibrant. From , cuisine, art and dance sprout an expression of a greater power that is good. If there is no God, then we get things like Stalin, Marx, Ghaddafi, Kim Jung Il, Ahmadinejad, Castro, Chavez, Mugabe and hosts of others that want to be worshipped in the place of God. Yes, there really is a God when we look around and find him. Those that choose not to, have no sense of what lies beyond the concept of no god. It is a dead-end. That is a person's choice to seek out materialistic gratification which usually comes at another's expense but for those who seek spiritual gratification and a purpose for their lives, they should be allowed without persecution, ridicule or humiliation. It is in the pursuit of happiness for others that we find the true humanity we were meant to have.

    February 27, 2011 at 9:11 am |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.