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Is America ready for a Mormon president?
Mitt Romney announcing his presidential candidacy in New Hampshire on Thursday.
June 2nd, 2011
03:04 PM ET

Is America ready for a Mormon president?

By Dan Gilgoff, CNN.com Religion Editor

(CNN) - Mitt Romney’s campaign team knows that his Mormon faith scared off Republican voters the last time he ran for president.

But they believe a lot has changed in the last four years.

For starters, Romney is now much better known. The former Massachusetts governor campaigned hard in the 2008 primaries – even addressing his Mormonism head-on in a major speech — and has stayed in the public eye since, popping up on late-night talk shows and on cable news channels.

Romney’s Mormonism, the thinking goes, is less exotic than it was four years ago because the candidate is more familiar.

Plus, unlike in 2008, there’s a Democrat in the White House for Republican voters to unite against. The Romney camp hopes the Obama factor will boost support for a battle-tested candidate who’s shown he can raise the hundreds of millions of dollars White House bids require, regardless of the candidate’s religious affiliation.

And unlike the 2008 Republican primaries, when George W. Bush was in the White House and debate over the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan loomed large, next year’s elections are poised to hang on the economy. Not a bad time, maybe, for a guy with a Harvard MBA and a career spent turning around financially troubled companies and the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah.

“The country’s really in a tough situation — the economy’s in a bad place and so people suddenly think that a guy with Mitt Romney’s capacity and experience looks a lot more attractive than he did four years ago,” says Mark DeMoss, a senior adviser to Romney’s campaign, which launched Thursday.

“That makes his faith much less of an issue than it was four years ago,” says DeMoss, who is tasked with helping Romney woo evangelical voters, a huge chunk of the GOP base and a constituency that’s historically been wary of Mormonism.

Whether DeMoss is right may make the difference in whether Romney, the current Republican frontrunner based on polls and fundraising, can actually win the Republican nomination and, ultimately, the White House.

But Romney may not be the only Mormon running for president. Former Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman is seriously flirting with a presidential bid.

Huntsman, Obama’s former ambassador to China, recently took a five-day swing through New Hampshire, site of the first-in-the-nation Republican primary, and has hired staff in South Carolina, another key primary state.

The prospect of a Huntsman campaign means the nation could see an unprecedented test of whether the GOP — and, perhaps, the rest of the country — is ready for a Mormon president in an era when candidates’ religious beliefs have become weighty campaign issues.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as the Mormon Church is officially known, certainly seems eager for Mormonism to be less an issue in the presidential race than it was for Romney in 2008

“Recent media coverage seems to lean toward the conclusion that among many Americans, faith will be less of an issue in this election than it was in 2008,” church spokesman Michael Purdy said in a statement to CNN. “But it’s really for others to speculate on this.”

Public opinion polls suggest a lingering bias against Mormon candidates. A survey released Thursday by the Pew Research Center found that a quarter of American adults admit to being less likely to vote for a Mormon candidate for president.

The survey found that resistance to Mormon candidates was even higher among two groups: liberal Democrats and evangelicals, who overwhelmingly vote Republican. One in three white evangelicals said they were less likely to support a Mormon candidate.

That creates a stiff headwind for Romney and Huntsman, given evangelicals’ primary power. In 2008, evangelicals accounted for 60 percent of Republican voters in Iowa, home to the first-in-the-nation presidential caucuses, and in South Carolina, whose primaries come hard on the heels of New Hampshire’s.

In 2008, Romney’s Mormonism “was a real factor in Iowa and South Carolina that predisposed many potential voters to never to consider Romney or hear his message,” said Gary Marx, who directed conservative outreach for Romney the last time he ran.

That year, Romney placed second in Iowa and fourth in South Carolina behind then-frontrunner Mike Huckabee – a Baptist preacher who won major evangelical support.

Though Mormons consider themselves to be Christians, many evangelicals consider the Latter-day Saints to be a cult.

Evangelicals object to the Mormon belief that the Book of Mormon is the revealed word of God and to such Mormon practices as proxy baptisms for the dead. Evangelicals and Mormons also compete for converts.

Many evangelical leaders have discouraged their followers from translating such differences into opposition to Mormon candidates. But that message isn’t always heeded.

“I don’t think it’s much of an issue among the leadership in evangelical circles,” Michael Farris, an influential evangelical activist, says of Mormon candidates. “But I don’t know if that is always true at the grassroots level.”

Richard Land, who directs public policy for the Southern Baptist Convention, the country’s largest evangelical denomination, says evangelicals could coalesce around Romney but that the conditions would have to be just right.

“If Southern Baptists have a choice between an evangelical candidate, a Catholic and a Mormon and all three appear to be equally conservative and equally likely to beat Barack Obama, they’ll vote for the evangelical,” says Land, who has informally advised Romney on how to deal with his faith on the campaign trail.

“If there’s no such evangelical [in the] race, they’ll vote for the Catholic,” he says, “But if there’s no other candidate who’s likely to beat Obama, they’ll vote for the Mormon.”

Former Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty, an evangelical, and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, a Catholic, are running for the GOP nomination.

Beyond theological challenges, conservative activists like Land and Farris say Romney faces skepticism among religious conservatives because he once supported abortion rights and signed a healthcare law in Massachusetts that critics say represented a dramatic government overreach.

But those close to Romney argue that Huckabee’s decision not to enter the 2012 race creates an opportunity for Romney to pick up more evangelical support. Or, they say, it could wind up splitting evangelical voters among multiple primary candidates, making evangelicals a less potent force.

DeMoss, a Christian public relations executive who also helped Romney with evangelical outreach in 2008, says one of the victories from the last campaign was that no big-name evangelical came out against Romney over his Mormonism. This time, DeMoss is working to get some evangelical leaders to go a step further and publicly support Romney.

After Romney’s 2008 defeat, one nationally known evangelical leader privately told DeMoss that he’d voted for Romney in the primaries.

“I remember thinking, it would have been nice if somebody else knew that,” says DeMoss, who believes such revelations would have made more evangelicals comfortable supporting a Mormon candidate.

Huntsman’s entry into the presidential race could make Mormonism less of an issue if it has a mainstreaming effect. But the two candidates’ religious affiliations could play out quite differently.

Romney has long been active in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), having occupied Mormon leadership positions like bishop (the rough equivalent of a lay pastor) and stake president (someone who oversees groups of Mormon congregations).

“I believe in my Mormon faith and I endeavor to live by it,” Romney said in a December 2007 speech in which he addressed his Mormonism. “My faith is the faith of my fathers — I will be true to them and to my beliefs.”

Huntsman, like Romney, spent two years abroad as a Mormon missionary but has kept some distance from the LDS church. As governor of Utah, he loosened liquor laws that had been inspired by Mormon orthodoxy and broke with his church in signing a law allowing civil unions for gay couples.

In a recent television interview, Huntsman affirmed his Mormon faith but added that Mormonism is “a very diverse and heterogeneous cross-section of people. ... I probably add to that diversity somewhat.”

A Huntsman adviser who often deals with the media declined to respond to requests for comment.

Matthew Bowman, an editor at a Mormon studies journal called Dialogue, says Huntsman hails from a slightly younger generation of Mormons who are less defensive about their Mormonism.

“Huntsman is a Mormon who thinks of his faith not as something that separates him from American culture or as something he has to defend or explain away, which is what Romney did,” says Bowman. “Romney is always hyperaware of his Mormonism.”

That means Huntsman may face fewer questions about his Mormonism should he run.

The LDS church, for its part, says its policy is to steer clear of electoral politics. Some church observers say the controversy the church generated by supporting California’s 2008 gay marriage ban, Proposition 8, exacerbated its political reticence.

At the same time, the church has capitalized on increased attention paid to Mormonism - provoked by everything from Romney’s 2008 campaign to the current hit Broadway musical, “Book of Mormon” - with a succession of public awareness campaigns.

The church website Mormon.org, for example, was recently revamped with an eye toward educating non-Mormons about the religion. The site features video profiles of Mormons from different walks of life.

“The message of these ads is that members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints are your friends and neighbors,” says Purdy, the church spokesman. “We are professionals and tradespeople, artists and teachers and everything in between.”

Put another way, the message is that Mormons are normal, everyday Americans.

With the Republican primary race finally starting in earnest, the nation is about get a major glimpse into whether GOP voters agree.

- CNN Belief Blog Co-Editor

Filed under: Mitt Romney • Mormonism • Politics

soundoff (3,046 Responses)
  1. Ernesto

    I It doesn't take much analytical ability to derive the truth about Mormon "scripture". We need a President that has these personal analytical abilities:

    [youtube=https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FjaGBvxoRxU&w=640&h=360]

    June 2, 2011 at 9:06 pm |
    • Tyler

      Could you please tell me how the Bible is any better? I mean, gee whiz, it doesn't take a person with many analytical skills to tell you that a man cannot turn water into wine. Good luck finding a 2000 year old witness.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:13 pm |
  2. Rebecca

    I am not a Mormon but my Mormon friends are some of the most decent and compassionate people I know. I believe that a Mormon president will have higher moral values than most of the past presidents we have had – regardless of their religious denominations. Didn't some of these "Christians" lie, committ adultery and spy on the opposition? Come on, America, what happen to freedom of religion and the separation of religion and state??

    June 2, 2011 at 9:06 pm |
    • DrVonBrain

      Some interesting things happen in the backrooms of religions and religious individuals.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:08 pm |
    • Katherine

      Oh, dear! You probably never worked for mormons. Don't be naive........

      June 2, 2011 at 9:15 pm |
    • Joe

      Rebecca, fortunately for you CNN keeps all these crazy people locked up in a pen to save them from society. You should be safe.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:31 pm |
    • Dandini

      Rebecca, based on most recent national surveys of religions/faiths you are most likely to be accurate in your assumptions.

      June 3, 2011 at 12:37 am |
  3. Joe

    CNN comment section...where stupid people congregate.

    June 2, 2011 at 9:03 pm |
    • Uncle Fester

      Welcome!

      June 2, 2011 at 9:07 pm |
    • Mark from Middle River

      ...Yep ..and we have Jackets 🙂

      June 2, 2011 at 9:09 pm |
  4. Karl

    Funny, being black or gay gets a sympathy card from CNN viewers, but a difference in religion is the apocalypse.

    June 2, 2011 at 9:03 pm |
  5. james

    why not we elected a muslim....what is the problem

    June 2, 2011 at 9:02 pm |
    • DrVonBrain

      The problem is you are a dumb a*zz for even posting that. Good thing you don't represent the average informed voter. That would be scary.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:05 pm |
    • Ethan

      DrVonBrain, why don't you put some substance into your retort?

      June 2, 2011 at 9:19 pm |
  6. Nickell

    We are ready for a President that is not religious.

    June 2, 2011 at 9:01 pm |
  7. Doug

    I hope the Mormons are concerned with this... After what they did to gays in California they need to rethink and retool how they treat others.. I would never vote for a member of a cult !

    June 2, 2011 at 9:01 pm |
    • james

      so I guess belonging to the democrat party ,makes you belong to a group,which makes you a cult...I don't care if he has 15 wifes its sure better than what we have now....

      June 2, 2011 at 9:08 pm |
    • Ethan

      Agreed. I wouldn't have a problem with them had it not been for that.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:20 pm |
    • Chris

      I thought gays were a cult

      June 2, 2011 at 9:23 pm |
    • Dandini

      Funny how the uneducated lay the blame on the "mormons".

      In California there are approximately 8 gays for every single man, woman, and child who are "mormon". Wow, what a powerful voting block!

      As was required by California Law for reporting purposes, the "mormon" church funded the proposition for supporting marriage only between a man and a woman (which is part of the belief system) to the tune of less than 150,000 dollars. Signed off by the State of California as accurate.

      So your problem is with the democratic system?

      June 3, 2011 at 12:45 am |
  8. DrVonBrain

    The criteria to become president should also be "a person not under the influence of religion". This is more important than simply having to be "born in USA".

    June 2, 2011 at 9:01 pm |
    • Emmitt Langley

      Basically you've just excluded every president except Jefferson and Obama...while Jefferson would be a great loss, Obama, not so much.

      Maybe you'd like Lenin, Mao, Stalin, or Castro as a leader...they were atheistic socialists who were "free from the influence of religion"

      June 2, 2011 at 9:03 pm |
    • DrVonBrain

      No....I'd like a rationale individual without the glassy look in their eyes from some blind ideology - religion or otherwise.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:07 pm |
    • Biochemist

      I agree with you 100% DrVonBrain!!!

      June 2, 2011 at 9:11 pm |
    • myk

      @DrVon...apparently you don't have a Brain.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:13 pm |
  9. Mark from Middle River

    >>"Having a belief does not make you a group!! "

    Mike, as soon as you meet another(s) that agrees with you ... you are part of a group. 🙂

    June 2, 2011 at 9:01 pm |
  10. Chris

    Who said that Republicans were the judgemental ones. I guess the liberals are showing their true colors.

    June 2, 2011 at 8:59 pm |
  11. Tyler

    The Republicans who have the mentality to answer "No" to this question are exactly the reasons why Obama is going to get 4 more years in office, whether they like it or not. Their sanctimonious bigotry disguised as "being a good Christian" is going to cost them the next election.

    June 2, 2011 at 8:58 pm |
    • slick

      Sorry Tyler
      Obama has shat the bed one too many times he is out of there in 2012.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:26 pm |
    • Tyler

      I think you misunderstand. I absolutely agree with you, Slick. However, I think America really is dumb enough to elect the guy again. Especially with Republicans acting the way they are about this.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:32 pm |
  12. Wang

    A cult member running our country, no thank you.

    June 2, 2011 at 8:58 pm |
    • Talos

      cult: a particular system of religious worship, especially with reference to its rites and ceremonies.

      JESUS CHRIST IS A CULT LEADER?!?!! How many of you not only follow a dead guy, but worship him? then one person come along, worships him as well, but views him differently. He just as much cult as the rest of you wackos. At least the mormon sacrament doesnt involve perceived cannibalism (looking at you catholics)

      June 2, 2011 at 9:31 pm |
  13. Joe

    Wow...here's an idea, why don't we focus on issues? It's going to be a painful few years having to listen to stupid people post things about Mormons they know nothing about. I swear, give people anonynimity behind a keyboard and they get brave, rude and stupid all at once.

    June 2, 2011 at 8:58 pm |
    • Theo

      Right! Let's concentrate on issues. Number one: Should American president believe in magic underware?

      June 2, 2011 at 9:25 pm |
  14. DrVonBrain

    Sure. A religious theocracy works in Iran. Why not in America?

    June 2, 2011 at 8:57 pm |
  15. Aaron

    I think that religion should not be an issue...nor s-e-% (wow-that word needs a moderator to approve it) or race. And while at it, lets take the (R)'s and (D)'s off the ballot. Make voters work a little by making them do a little research.

    June 2, 2011 at 8:57 pm |
  16. Michael

    NO. Not now. Not ever. These are sick people only interested in financial proliferation.;

    June 2, 2011 at 8:56 pm |
  17. SCOTO

    Never.

    June 2, 2011 at 8:56 pm |
  18. Sickofliberals

    "Is America ready for a Mormon president?". Were we ready for a muslum president? NO!!

    June 2, 2011 at 8:55 pm |
    • Michael

      When did we ever have a Muslim President?

      June 2, 2011 at 8:58 pm |
    • Howard

      HOW DO PEOPLE STILL THINK THAT WE HAVE A MUSLIM PRESIDENT

      June 2, 2011 at 9:15 pm |
  19. Daniel

    In God American trust, not in mormon.
    Think about it all Americans!!!!!!!

    June 2, 2011 at 8:55 pm |
  20. keylargo

    How many wives does he have?

    June 2, 2011 at 8:55 pm |
    • Tyler

      Just one, you clever troglodyte.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:02 pm |
    • Talos

      the same one he started with. which cant be said for some of the other candidates.

      June 2, 2011 at 9:32 pm |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.