Is America ready for a Mormon president?
Mitt Romney announcing his presidential candidacy in New Hampshire on Thursday.
June 2nd, 2011
03:04 PM ET

Is America ready for a Mormon president?

By Dan Gilgoff, CNN.com Religion Editor

(CNN) - Mitt Romney’s campaign team knows that his Mormon faith scared off Republican voters the last time he ran for president.

But they believe a lot has changed in the last four years.

For starters, Romney is now much better known. The former Massachusetts governor campaigned hard in the 2008 primaries – even addressing his Mormonism head-on in a major speech — and has stayed in the public eye since, popping up on late-night talk shows and on cable news channels.

Romney’s Mormonism, the thinking goes, is less exotic than it was four years ago because the candidate is more familiar.

Plus, unlike in 2008, there’s a Democrat in the White House for Republican voters to unite against. The Romney camp hopes the Obama factor will boost support for a battle-tested candidate who’s shown he can raise the hundreds of millions of dollars White House bids require, regardless of the candidate’s religious affiliation.

And unlike the 2008 Republican primaries, when George W. Bush was in the White House and debate over the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan loomed large, next year’s elections are poised to hang on the economy. Not a bad time, maybe, for a guy with a Harvard MBA and a career spent turning around financially troubled companies and the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah.

“The country’s really in a tough situation — the economy’s in a bad place and so people suddenly think that a guy with Mitt Romney’s capacity and experience looks a lot more attractive than he did four years ago,” says Mark DeMoss, a senior adviser to Romney’s campaign, which launched Thursday.

“That makes his faith much less of an issue than it was four years ago,” says DeMoss, who is tasked with helping Romney woo evangelical voters, a huge chunk of the GOP base and a constituency that’s historically been wary of Mormonism.

Whether DeMoss is right may make the difference in whether Romney, the current Republican frontrunner based on polls and fundraising, can actually win the Republican nomination and, ultimately, the White House.

But Romney may not be the only Mormon running for president. Former Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman is seriously flirting with a presidential bid.

Huntsman, Obama’s former ambassador to China, recently took a five-day swing through New Hampshire, site of the first-in-the-nation Republican primary, and has hired staff in South Carolina, another key primary state.

The prospect of a Huntsman campaign means the nation could see an unprecedented test of whether the GOP — and, perhaps, the rest of the country — is ready for a Mormon president in an era when candidates’ religious beliefs have become weighty campaign issues.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as the Mormon Church is officially known, certainly seems eager for Mormonism to be less an issue in the presidential race than it was for Romney in 2008

“Recent media coverage seems to lean toward the conclusion that among many Americans, faith will be less of an issue in this election than it was in 2008,” church spokesman Michael Purdy said in a statement to CNN. “But it’s really for others to speculate on this.”

Public opinion polls suggest a lingering bias against Mormon candidates. A survey released Thursday by the Pew Research Center found that a quarter of American adults admit to being less likely to vote for a Mormon candidate for president.

The survey found that resistance to Mormon candidates was even higher among two groups: liberal Democrats and evangelicals, who overwhelmingly vote Republican. One in three white evangelicals said they were less likely to support a Mormon candidate.

That creates a stiff headwind for Romney and Huntsman, given evangelicals’ primary power. In 2008, evangelicals accounted for 60 percent of Republican voters in Iowa, home to the first-in-the-nation presidential caucuses, and in South Carolina, whose primaries come hard on the heels of New Hampshire’s.

In 2008, Romney’s Mormonism “was a real factor in Iowa and South Carolina that predisposed many potential voters to never to consider Romney or hear his message,” said Gary Marx, who directed conservative outreach for Romney the last time he ran.

That year, Romney placed second in Iowa and fourth in South Carolina behind then-frontrunner Mike Huckabee – a Baptist preacher who won major evangelical support.

Though Mormons consider themselves to be Christians, many evangelicals consider the Latter-day Saints to be a cult.

Evangelicals object to the Mormon belief that the Book of Mormon is the revealed word of God and to such Mormon practices as proxy baptisms for the dead. Evangelicals and Mormons also compete for converts.

Many evangelical leaders have discouraged their followers from translating such differences into opposition to Mormon candidates. But that message isn’t always heeded.

“I don’t think it’s much of an issue among the leadership in evangelical circles,” Michael Farris, an influential evangelical activist, says of Mormon candidates. “But I don’t know if that is always true at the grassroots level.”

Richard Land, who directs public policy for the Southern Baptist Convention, the country’s largest evangelical denomination, says evangelicals could coalesce around Romney but that the conditions would have to be just right.

“If Southern Baptists have a choice between an evangelical candidate, a Catholic and a Mormon and all three appear to be equally conservative and equally likely to beat Barack Obama, they’ll vote for the evangelical,” says Land, who has informally advised Romney on how to deal with his faith on the campaign trail.

“If there’s no such evangelical [in the] race, they’ll vote for the Catholic,” he says, “But if there’s no other candidate who’s likely to beat Obama, they’ll vote for the Mormon.”

Former Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty, an evangelical, and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, a Catholic, are running for the GOP nomination.

Beyond theological challenges, conservative activists like Land and Farris say Romney faces skepticism among religious conservatives because he once supported abortion rights and signed a healthcare law in Massachusetts that critics say represented a dramatic government overreach.

But those close to Romney argue that Huckabee’s decision not to enter the 2012 race creates an opportunity for Romney to pick up more evangelical support. Or, they say, it could wind up splitting evangelical voters among multiple primary candidates, making evangelicals a less potent force.

DeMoss, a Christian public relations executive who also helped Romney with evangelical outreach in 2008, says one of the victories from the last campaign was that no big-name evangelical came out against Romney over his Mormonism. This time, DeMoss is working to get some evangelical leaders to go a step further and publicly support Romney.

After Romney’s 2008 defeat, one nationally known evangelical leader privately told DeMoss that he’d voted for Romney in the primaries.

“I remember thinking, it would have been nice if somebody else knew that,” says DeMoss, who believes such revelations would have made more evangelicals comfortable supporting a Mormon candidate.

Huntsman’s entry into the presidential race could make Mormonism less of an issue if it has a mainstreaming effect. But the two candidates’ religious affiliations could play out quite differently.

Romney has long been active in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), having occupied Mormon leadership positions like bishop (the rough equivalent of a lay pastor) and stake president (someone who oversees groups of Mormon congregations).

“I believe in my Mormon faith and I endeavor to live by it,” Romney said in a December 2007 speech in which he addressed his Mormonism. “My faith is the faith of my fathers — I will be true to them and to my beliefs.”

Huntsman, like Romney, spent two years abroad as a Mormon missionary but has kept some distance from the LDS church. As governor of Utah, he loosened liquor laws that had been inspired by Mormon orthodoxy and broke with his church in signing a law allowing civil unions for gay couples.

In a recent television interview, Huntsman affirmed his Mormon faith but added that Mormonism is “a very diverse and heterogeneous cross-section of people. ... I probably add to that diversity somewhat.”

A Huntsman adviser who often deals with the media declined to respond to requests for comment.

Matthew Bowman, an editor at a Mormon studies journal called Dialogue, says Huntsman hails from a slightly younger generation of Mormons who are less defensive about their Mormonism.

“Huntsman is a Mormon who thinks of his faith not as something that separates him from American culture or as something he has to defend or explain away, which is what Romney did,” says Bowman. “Romney is always hyperaware of his Mormonism.”

That means Huntsman may face fewer questions about his Mormonism should he run.

The LDS church, for its part, says its policy is to steer clear of electoral politics. Some church observers say the controversy the church generated by supporting California’s 2008 gay marriage ban, Proposition 8, exacerbated its political reticence.

At the same time, the church has capitalized on increased attention paid to Mormonism - provoked by everything from Romney’s 2008 campaign to the current hit Broadway musical, “Book of Mormon” - with a succession of public awareness campaigns.

The church website Mormon.org, for example, was recently revamped with an eye toward educating non-Mormons about the religion. The site features video profiles of Mormons from different walks of life.

“The message of these ads is that members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints are your friends and neighbors,” says Purdy, the church spokesman. “We are professionals and tradespeople, artists and teachers and everything in between.”

Put another way, the message is that Mormons are normal, everyday Americans.

With the Republican primary race finally starting in earnest, the nation is about get a major glimpse into whether GOP voters agree.

- CNN Belief Blog Co-Editor

Filed under: Mitt Romney • Mormonism • Politics

soundoff (3,046 Responses)
  1. Roscoe

    I don't think that Romney's religion is the reason to vote against him....but it certainly isn't a reason to vote for him. At least into the 1970's, Mormon's had a stated policy that minorities (blacks in particular) were inferior. Women are not the equal of men in the church. In addition, Romney lost me when he declared his sons' service on his campaign was equal to serving in the military. Romney has been on every side of every issue so it's hard to see what he really believes in. RomneyCare is so similar to Obamacare that it should be impossible him to campaign against it during the election. But, I'm confident that he will somehow show that he was against Obamacare and Romneycare BEFORE he supported it. Kind of like being against a bridge to nowhere.......

    June 2, 2011 at 4:59 pm |
  2. God

    Religion and politics don't mix. So I have said!! (/fake imaginary dude-speak)

    June 2, 2011 at 4:58 pm |
  3. dude


    June 2, 2011 at 4:58 pm |
  4. JT


    June 2, 2011 at 4:58 pm |
  5. mary

    I will not vote for flip-flop Romney and it will have NOTHING to do with his church.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
  6. dude


    June 2, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
  7. beachy

    Why not? We have an African/American muslim president now

    June 2, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
    • God

      Nice of you to be proud of your stupidity.

      June 2, 2011 at 4:59 pm |
    • saywhat

      really muslim another person who needs to to get a life birther idiot.

      June 2, 2011 at 5:17 pm |
  8. Nick

    II just want to see him take a solemn oath that if it came down to it, he would choose the United States over the Mormon Church.
    II find it hysterical that prior to his announcement everyone said the Pledge of Allegiance, yet when it was Mitt's time to serve during the Viet Nam war, oops, he's got to go on his Mission. That would be called choosing your church over your Country.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
    • pg

      well the election will just be one more door slammed in his face. nothing new to him.

      June 2, 2011 at 4:58 pm |
  9. Bible Clown

    Elect Brandon Sanderson – he seems ok. But not Mitt.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:56 pm |
  10. jonleat

    Yeah...he is probably a fake Mormon anyway.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:56 pm |
  11. BlindEye

    Silly Americans... first you elect a man in a wheel chair , then a Catholic, then an African-American, now a Mormon?! And you wonder why you are losing your domination as a superpower?

    Hello?! How dare we as Americans preach of a equality and 'land of opportunity' when we don't believe it ourselves? How can we praise electing the "1st of a race" but then slam the door of opportunity just three short years later when it is a "1st of a religion"?

    Seriously people? Who cares what his religion is?

    June 2, 2011 at 4:55 pm |
    • pg

      he's only half a first race. simmer down now.

      June 2, 2011 at 4:56 pm |
    • Gullible christians

      Most gullible christians vote for christian only, no matter real or fake christians.

      June 2, 2011 at 4:57 pm |
  12. wes

    i hate it when they always bring religion into the candidacy. who cares. its politics not religion.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:54 pm |
  13. pg

    So can he just completely write off the native american vote at the start then?

    June 2, 2011 at 4:54 pm |
  14. oregonian101

    Doesn't matter whether he is Mormon or not. Is America ready for a Republican regime that will further stifle the middle class?

    June 2, 2011 at 4:54 pm |
    • Bajalover

      What middle class? The Democrats want all these social services extended and print money to spend to create a class of dependent deadbeats. Malcom X had it right, only now its not just the black population who they want to make dependent its the Latin community. Middle class my A$$. At least if we start cutting some of this cr@p we can get some people back to believing they can make a living instead of just relying on handouts. Before you go off on the old "Republicans created this mess" bs, There has been just the same amount of Democratic Presidents, for save one more, than there has Republican. This coming from a Registered ndependent American Mexican.

      June 2, 2011 at 5:12 pm |
  15. REally

    This entire soundoff forum demonstrates what this world is coming to (especially the US)...HATE, JEALOUSY, ABSOLUTELY NO MORALS, and UTTER CONFUSION!!! Squabbling about religion?! Good grief people get a life, if everyone took care of their own family, next their neighbor, then the community...this country wouldn't be in the chaos and angry state it is in!!! Quit crying about the "president" or who will be the next president...clean your own house before you start pointing fingers and someone who is willing to clean up your mess!!!

    June 2, 2011 at 4:54 pm |
    • pg

      what does this have to do with anything? Besides the fact that mormons=aliens

      June 2, 2011 at 4:55 pm |
  16. Gullible christians

    No, he will lose.
    Since 70% of americans are gullible christians, and they will vote for another fake christian such as Obama. 😀

    June 2, 2011 at 4:52 pm |
    • wes

      you really got to stop bringing obama into every single article. get a life.

      June 2, 2011 at 4:55 pm |
  17. LM

    I live in Utah and I'm not ready for a mormon president. It is a big deal, believe me.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:52 pm |
    • pg

      I'm convinced they're all aliens.

      June 2, 2011 at 4:53 pm |
    • JB

      Yet your Mormon governor, Lt. governor, attorney general, US Senators, Congressman and (likely) state legislators are not enough to drive you from the state (one of the most prosperous through this economic downturn, by the way)? the bigger deal is why you chose to endure such terrible conditions.

      June 2, 2011 at 5:09 pm |
  18. pg

    I read out of a hat that he'll lose.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:51 pm |
  19. henry

    Wait till he tells us to donate 20% of our paycheck to his church! LOL.

    June 2, 2011 at 4:51 pm |
    • mb2010a

      Where would we put all that grain? Everyone would have to keep 40 bushels of grain on hand.

      June 2, 2011 at 5:10 pm |
  20. Hunden


    June 2, 2011 at 4:51 pm |
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About this blog

The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.