Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?
Walter Isaacson’s biography of Steve Jobs, who died this month, was published this week.
October 26th, 2011
06:00 AM ET

Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?

CNN asked four experts on religion and technology to weigh in on whether former Apple chief Steve Jobs is achieving a kind of secular sainthood. Here are their responses:

Steve Jobs for Sainthood? Absolutely.

Gary M. Laderman is chairman of Emory University’s religion department, director of the online magazine Religion Dispatches and author of "Sacred Matters."

The face. The face is everywhere now.

Steve Jobs the man is dead. But Steve Jobs the myth is only growing in stature and will only continue to grow as a cultural point of reference as an inspiring model for aspiring entrepreneurs, as a compelling success story with perplexing moral commitments and as an appealing icon whose life, death and products will, for many, cross over the line from profane to sacred.

In a USA Today review of Walter Isaacson’s new book, "Steve Jobs," the author rightly suggests that no Silicon Valley figure has attained the “mythical status” of Jobs and notes his “almost messianic zeal” for work.

Why the religious language to characterize his life and death? How does a mere mortal transform into a superhuman, glorified cultural hero?

Jobs has been the object of numerous memorials, and tributes - more than a million - are being posted on Apple’s “Remembering Steve” webpage, with condolences as well as testimonials about how Jobs and his products have touched and indeed transformed the lives of countless individuals.

Make no mistake about it, the veneration we are seeing in the aftermath of Jobs’ death is religious through and through - not “kinda” religious, or “pseudo” religious,” or “mistakenly” religious, but a genuine expression for many of heartfelt sacred sentiments of loss and glorification.

It is not tied to any institution like a church or to any discrete tradition like Buddhism; it is, instead, tied to a religious culture that will only grow in significance and influence in the years ahead: the cult of celebrity.

As more and more people move away from conventional religions and identify as “nones” (those who choose to claim “no religion” in polls and surveys), celebrity worship and other cultural forms of sacred commitment and meaning will assume an even greater market share of the spiritual marketplace.

In life Jobs may have been something of an enigma who maintained his privacy and generally stayed out of the public limelight. In death, Jobs now is an immortal celebrity whose life story, incredible wealth, familiar visage, and igadgets will serve as touchstones for many searching for meaningful gods and modes of transcendence.

It has been said that death is the great equalizer - rich and poor, successes and failures, the powerful and the disempowered cannot escape the one inevitable fact of human existence.

Jobs and other celebrities cannot escape this reality, but unlike you and me, they live on in the memories of fans and followers and become guiding lights in the mundane darkness of our ordinary lives.

Reassessing Jobs' elevation to sainthood

James Martin, SJ, is a Jesuit priest and author of "My Life with the Saints" and "Between Heaven and Mirth: Why Joy, Humor and Laughter are at the Heart of the Religious Life."

Asking if we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint is different from asking if he was a saint. The first question turns on how society sees the digital-age genius. That’s a question of perception.

The second turns on how Mr. Jobs lived his life. That’s more a question of reality. The first is easy to answer; the second less so.

So onto the easy answer: Yes, we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint, in the same way that we often project qualities of holiness onto any celebrity with whom we felt affection.

The reactions to his death, which both surprised and moved me, mirrored the ways that many respond to the passing of those revered as “living saints,” like Mother Teresa.

But it wasn’t hard to see why people reacted with displays of quasi-religious affection, like leaving handwritten messages at Apple stores, offering heartfelt tributes on Twitter and posting worshipful photos on Facebook.

After all, he had several things in common with the saints. Steve Jobs was - and obituary writers seemed obliged to use the word - a visionary. (The word originally described the mystics, who were literal visionaries.)

Jobs was the object of a “cult,” in the classic Christian sense: someone who evokes great devotion and whose words and actions are anticipated, catalogued and scrutinized.

Like the saints, he was both worldly (manifestly human in his foibles) and otherworldly (particularly in his protean creativity). He gave us something we didn’t know we needed. He was mysterious.

Finally, Mr. Jobs was, as his now-famous Stanford commencement speech shows, a spiritual man in his own way.

Yet there is a key difference between the saints and Mr. Jobs that we may overlook. For all of his talents, Mr. Jobs did not seem to be - to put this as charitably as possible - the kindest man in the world, which is something of a requirement for a real saint.

Walter Isaacson’s new biography, "Steve Jobs," is chock full of incidents of its subject’s less-than-charitable behavior. And even though the saints didn’t always act lovingly, that is a rock-bottom requirement for a saint: kindness.

So here’s a third question: Is it accurate to speak of Steve Jobs as a saint? Probably not.

There are many other worthy, albeit lesser known, people who have not only accomplished great things but also have done them without, as a New York Times column said of Mr. Jobs, “incorrigible bullying, belittling and lying.”

People who were both creative and kind. Successful and charitable. Hard-working and forgiving.

Perhaps Mr. Jobs is, as all those editorial cartoons have depicted, in heaven showing St. Peter how to use an iPad. I hope so.

But a saint? To answer that question let’s begin not with how successful a person was, or even how much they changed the world, but how much they loved. Even if you spend more time with iPods than icons, “saint” isn’t a word to be thrown around lightly.

How Jobs' sainthood was derailed

Leander Kahney is editor and publisher of CultofMac.com, a news site that tracks Apple and the people who use its products.

Steve Jobs was quickly on his way to becoming canonized when a strange thing happened. Walter Isaacson's authorized biography hit bookstands.

Following his death earlier this month, the outpouring of grief for Jobs was huge and unprecedented. All over the world, people felt a keen sense of loss. Not since Michael Jackson has there been such an outpouring of public grief. And it's never before been lavished on the CEO of a Fortune 500 corporation.

But Jobs was no mere business leader. He was a cultural figure of the highest order. He was an artist whose medium was business and technology.

He crafted superb products that had great impact on our lives, His products, or copies of his products, have become near universal in the West. We all have computers, iPods and iPhones. They are indispensable - at work and play. They are well crafted. Before the iPhone, people hated their cell phones.

The story of Jobs' life also touched many people. He was an adoptee, a college dropout who enjoyed great success but also battled near-devastating setbacks and failures. He became an inspiration to lots of different people, from aspiring entrepreneurs to transplant patients.

He's a good candidate for a saint. There was something otherworldly about him. He clearly wasn't like the rest of us.

His severe aestheticism, his stern, intimidating self-assurance, his complexity: He was a Buddhist anti-materialist who made the world's most desirable products. A leftist multibillionaire who loved Bob Dylan but off-shored production to China. An elitist loner whose stated ambition was to democratize complex technology and make it easy enough for any bozo to use.

He was cut short in his prime. He was just getting started really. For most of his career, Jobs was regarded with skepticism or disdain. The business press regarded him as a mercurial madman who was good at marketing and got lucky with the iPod.

But when the iPhone took off, and Apple became the most valuable company in the world, he was suddenly lionized as the world's greatest CEO.

There was always the problem of his horrible reputation as a manager, of course. Everyone knew about the legendary tantrums, the outburst, insults and humiliations. That often got swept under the rug. It was just Steve being Steve.

Quirks, oddities, the price paid to put a dent in the universe. No one seemed to mention his lack of philanthropy, or the Chinese sweatshops that made his products.

And Isaacson's biography shows that Jobs' mean streak is much worse than we ever suspected. On page after page, the book details just how mean he could be. It's actually exhausting and more than a little bit depressing reading about the incessant torrent of outbursts and humiliations heaped upon his hapless colleagues - even the ones he liked.

The initial reaction is one of muted shock - people aren't liking what they're reading. Headlines like "Jobs the Jerk" aren't helping the canonization process.

But it's early days. The book has been out only a few days. Jobs' life and career were marked by bouncing back. Perhaps his reputation will outlive his own biography after all.

Steve Jobs was a saint. At least partly.

Gerardo Marti is L. Richardson King Association Professor of Sociology at Davidson College and author of "Worship across the Racial Divide" and "Hollywood Faith."

The passing of Steve Jobs provoked an outpouring of appreciation for a man who, frankly, most people did not really know.

Admiring his company, his design, and the devices he promoted, mass sympathy gave way to an idealization of the person behind the products. The recent accumulation of reams of Post-it Notes on retail Apple Store windows is one of many testaments to his status as a fetishized icon.

Should we be idolizing this assuredly genius entrepreneur?

Let's be honest. Steve Jobs was no saint, that much is clear. Every day we know more about his character, most recently through the startling revelations in the best-selling biography published by Walter Isaacson.

Jobs could be callous and cold. He rejected paternity of his first daughter. He refused many co-workers the riches of company stock options. He thought of himself as smarter than just about anyone else he
ever met.

If "saintliness" is measured by the virtues of extraordinary kindness, generosity or humility, Jobs fails the test.

However, "saintliness" in religious practice is less measured by a person's moral perfection than his or her ability to serve as a mediator between the ordinary and the transcendent.

In lived religious experience, a saint is not always admired as a righteous person to be imitated. But a saint is always trusted as a negotiator, a bridge-builder, an esoteric "middleman," who removes obstacles, facilitates progress and promotes blessing.

Fundamentally, a saint is an intermediary who makes the intangible accessible and more readily available.

Jobs had a single-minded vision for the varied media he designed, making complicated technology supremely accessible. He promoted his own genius while striving to bring out the genius of others.

In doing so, Jobs accomplished what few are able to do: connect with everyday lives, enrich people's aesthetics with evidence of beauty and offer tools for exercising personal gifts and talent.

Steve Jobs is certainly not a god-some otherworldly being who wrangles with intangible spirits in a largely unseen realm for justice or glory.

Instead, we see Jobs as an imperfect mortal who crafted software that stimulated our imagination alongside machines that motivated a seamlessness between ideas and objects, making the elusive tangible, decreasing the distance between ourselves and our ideals.

Jobs is being canonized to a secular sainthood as a flawed, charismatic visionary who transformed wires and plastic into sophisticated, supremely handy tools fitted alternatively to the demands and the dreams
of everyday life.

Yes, he altered the trajectories of whole industries, but for the ordinary worshipper, Jobs alleviated our frustrations while allowing us to go beyond them in cultivating words, objects and whole environments that give us fulfillment while productively transforming the world.

The opinions expressed in these commentaries are solely those of the authors.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Technology

soundoff (848 Responses)
  1. hernape

    Jews dont believe in saints............he had bad BO, was smart, and cruel. Oh wow!! I want to be that guy!! NOT. so he made a lot of money.....how much did he take with him? How much did he give away? N A D A. Rest in Peace, and call it a day. Next!

    October 26, 2011 at 2:07 pm |
  2. JP

    Hell no! He's just another dead guy now. So he invented a few compuretized gadgets – so what? If he hadn't, somebody else would have.

    The media seems to be in love with him, but as far as I know, the world didn't stop turning and my life didn't change at all when he died.

    Far better people than him die every day and you never hear a thing about it. Being wealthy does NOT necessarily make someone a good person.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:07 pm |
    • hernape

      Because the media is controlled, and the media, and publishers, like JOBS, are all about self-centered, $-focused. Any surprise?

      October 26, 2011 at 2:10 pm |
  3. Ray Jordan

    I don't think Steve Jobs cares one bit about a debate on his qualified sainthood. It is an absurd proposal conjured only to create even more Jobs related fodder to capitalize on. Visionary, absolutely! His acid trips truly opened his mind to visions that he then manifested into a reality, based on existing technology and created. The genius of it came from his insistence on absolute control of it. No one can see your visions and his temper was a result of his commitment to seeing it through, without compromise. Simplicity is complex in this convoluted industrial world. His motivation was not greed, it was a genuine pursuit of doing what should have been obvious to all, but apparently only had the commitment of him. No compromises! BRAVO!!!

    October 26, 2011 at 2:04 pm |
  4. hernape

    Jews dont believe in Saints.....makes no sense.....he had huge BO, was rude, cruel, oh, and smart. Let's forget all the other things he was just because he invented Itunes, and Iphone.....give me a break!! It's World Serie time...but of course, Jacobson needs to sell some books! And by the way, did he take anything with him? Helllllo!!

    October 26, 2011 at 2:02 pm |
  5. PattiK

    I hope not.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:01 pm |
  6. George

    Can someone clarify for me if Apple outsourced (or not) part if not all of the manufacturing of the i-phone to China?

    October 26, 2011 at 2:01 pm |
  7. Kathy

    We are not making Steve Jobs a "Saint", he was a very mysterious man throughout his life, as he got older he became a very private person, focusing only on his products and Apple. Curiosity about this man has always been the focus of many people, his ability to capture an audience in silence when he entered, and when he spoke, people listened. He was as we all know a man of vision that went beyond what any of us could see, his ability to create was due to his amazing mind. He could visualize things in his head, then walk himself through it, then start to create it in a product, as we all have been seeing and enjoying. He left too soon, taking with him those visions that only Steve Jobs could see. He had dreams and most of them all came true in his lifetime. His thirst for "Hunger" and staying "Foolish" never escaped him, that is what makes him a legend, he stood by his words, and never settled for less than what he deserved. He will be someone that people will constantly think about, though he passed away only 2 weeks ago, more and more publications will arise, these are the people who want to keep his memory alive, his products speak for itself, and I do believe his latest creation IPhone 4S was named after him, why not, this was the last creation he made. For those who really knew him, they were fortunate, for those that are only begining to know this great man, he left us with hope for the future, and belief that there will be change. For this is what I feel Steve Jobs wanted to do for everyone. This was a Captivating Man who will remain this way, look into his eye's and tell me what you feel. He is communicating with us. No one can replace this man, Apple will go on, but not secured and thriving as when Steve Jobs had the helm.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:00 pm |
    • richk

      You state that no one is making him a saint, but then you go on to say that he gave "hope for the future". In the context of a man who led a mega-corporation selling gadgets, I'd like to know what you even mean by saying that? not trying to attack, I am simply curious as to what makes people say things like that. That is the kind of thing some people are confused about. He wasn't MLK or Mother Teresa, what "hope" did his products give?

      October 26, 2011 at 2:05 pm |
  8. Jim

    How is Steve Jobs and different than Alexander Graham Bell? Both were visionaries, ruthless businessmen, and “borrowed” ideas from others. The Bell company was worshipped for decades, Bell’s R&D department was legendary long after their founder was gone. They both were part of a major change in the devices we use to communicate. Either Saints? No, but both had impact that touched everyone, everywhere.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:00 pm |

      Steve stoled his IDEA. Not invented them.

      October 26, 2011 at 2:11 pm |
    • Jim

      Bell stole many ideas about the phone from Elisha Gray.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:11 pm |
  9. Paul

    If he were a saint, it would be the saint of consumerism, which doesn't lend itself to any religious tenants at all, judeo-christian or otherwise.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:00 pm |
  10. richk

    First, let me start off by saying that as a Creative Director I use Apple products exclusively. I don't worship the hardware, in fact there are some aspects of the product line and business model that tick me off. But the positives outweigh the negatives, at least in my field. That said, I am shocked at how many people are deifying this man. He did not cure AIDS for crying out loud. The statements about how he changed everyone's lives are highly subjective. There are many, many people who believe he changed people's lives for the worse, by pioneering and marketing devices which inhibit or even prevent traditional human social interaction. The moral of the story is that the public reaction to his passing is largely indicative of where our priorities are as a species. My advice is to go ahead and remember him for the things that improved your life, but get off the soapbox about how the collective human race should treat him like Mother Teresa. I mean no disrespect to Mr. Jobs or his fans, it is time to let him RIP and move on with your lives.

    October 26, 2011 at 1:58 pm |
    • hippypoet

      "by pioneering and marketing devices which inhibit or even prevent traditional human social interaction"

      thats my point exactly by calling him the patron saint of laziness! thank you for putting it so nicely

      October 26, 2011 at 2:01 pm |
  11. Joot

    SJ was no saint.

    He made a career, fortune, company, etc. out of redesigning or reapplying technology invented by others.

    October 26, 2011 at 1:58 pm |
    • hippypoet

      you leave my saint alone... hes the best saint i found yet. ALL HAIL THE PATRON SAINT OF LAZINESS , STEVE JOBS...amen

      October 26, 2011 at 1:59 pm |
  12. down goes frazer

    Certainly waaaaay to much on this guy. Must be a slow news week.

    October 26, 2011 at 1:57 pm |
  13. Morgabout

    Like most things time will take care of his place in history . . .personally I feel he was the supreme marketer who convinced us all we needed to carry around 100 albums worth of music all the time and needed to update our phone every year for the latest gimmick. Hey don't blast me as a Jobs hater . . . I bought in with the rest of you . . . and still do. On the other side he may be responsible for a good chunk of the landfill in my town with all the throw away technology Apple iput together over the past 10 to 15 years! Sainthood ?? I would be more apt to claim that if I heard some of his billions just went to a very creative group of people, like himself, who were on the track of curing cancer or hunger or ????

    October 26, 2011 at 1:56 pm |
  14. Dave

    From what I have been reading and hearing about Steve Jobs, he sounds like a cruel selfish jerk.

    October 26, 2011 at 1:56 pm |
  15. That Black Guy

    That's screwed up!!! Trolololololol!!!!!!!!

    October 26, 2011 at 1:55 pm |
  16. hippypoet

    jobs – the patron saint of laziness

    October 26, 2011 at 1:55 pm |
  17. Jay

    Steve Jobs led the American dream starting a phenomenally successful Apple computer firm in his garage. He is to be commended and respected for that................HOWEVER........Let's be real here....So far all I have heard about this man has somehow related to the "ALMIGHTY" DOLLAR BILL!!..........I have not heard ONE thing n the news about him giving his money or time to help kids dying of AIDS in Africa or video footage of him helping to feed the hungry kids of Somalia........Did he give money to charities such as the March of Dimes or help foster world peace??...Did he feed or house any of the milliions of homeless veterans of war that are wasting away on American streets? – The same country they fought for and the same country that turned its back on them when they return............I vote a resounding "NO" in terms of sainthood for Steve Jobs..........It's really almost laughable if it wasn't such a sad and pathetic attempt to justify our NEED for stupidity and entertainment........GIVE ME A BREAK!!!

    October 26, 2011 at 1:55 pm |
  18. Clay

    Uhh no. There have been just as many innovative inventions from other people as there were from Steve Jobs. The biggest difference us Apple is a status symbol. ALWAYS known for being over priced and under powered. Having an Apple product put you in the "elite" category of being one of the few to have something no one else wanted because no one would pay the price. Yes, the iPhone was a unique device to a degree but nothing that didn't exist before on other phones except for the interface. Take for instance the iPad. Tablets have been around for more than 7 years, nothing new there. If Apple was such a great product then Microsoft and Linux would have a much lower share of the market.

    October 26, 2011 at 1:55 pm |
  19. Gary

    you make him a saint by writing this stupid article

    October 26, 2011 at 1:54 pm |
  20. Elaeblue

    He was great! He did a lot in a short lifetime. Let him rest in peace – quit with the Steve Jobs articles. Move on!

    October 26, 2011 at 1:54 pm |
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About this blog

The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.