Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?
Walter Isaacson’s biography of Steve Jobs, who died this month, was published this week.
October 26th, 2011
06:00 AM ET

Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?

CNN asked four experts on religion and technology to weigh in on whether former Apple chief Steve Jobs is achieving a kind of secular sainthood. Here are their responses:

Steve Jobs for Sainthood? Absolutely.

Gary M. Laderman is chairman of Emory University’s religion department, director of the online magazine Religion Dispatches and author of "Sacred Matters."

The face. The face is everywhere now.

Steve Jobs the man is dead. But Steve Jobs the myth is only growing in stature and will only continue to grow as a cultural point of reference as an inspiring model for aspiring entrepreneurs, as a compelling success story with perplexing moral commitments and as an appealing icon whose life, death and products will, for many, cross over the line from profane to sacred.

In a USA Today review of Walter Isaacson’s new book, "Steve Jobs," the author rightly suggests that no Silicon Valley figure has attained the “mythical status” of Jobs and notes his “almost messianic zeal” for work.

Why the religious language to characterize his life and death? How does a mere mortal transform into a superhuman, glorified cultural hero?

Jobs has been the object of numerous memorials, and tributes - more than a million - are being posted on Apple’s “Remembering Steve” webpage, with condolences as well as testimonials about how Jobs and his products have touched and indeed transformed the lives of countless individuals.

Make no mistake about it, the veneration we are seeing in the aftermath of Jobs’ death is religious through and through - not “kinda” religious, or “pseudo” religious,” or “mistakenly” religious, but a genuine expression for many of heartfelt sacred sentiments of loss and glorification.

It is not tied to any institution like a church or to any discrete tradition like Buddhism; it is, instead, tied to a religious culture that will only grow in significance and influence in the years ahead: the cult of celebrity.

As more and more people move away from conventional religions and identify as “nones” (those who choose to claim “no religion” in polls and surveys), celebrity worship and other cultural forms of sacred commitment and meaning will assume an even greater market share of the spiritual marketplace.

In life Jobs may have been something of an enigma who maintained his privacy and generally stayed out of the public limelight. In death, Jobs now is an immortal celebrity whose life story, incredible wealth, familiar visage, and igadgets will serve as touchstones for many searching for meaningful gods and modes of transcendence.

It has been said that death is the great equalizer - rich and poor, successes and failures, the powerful and the disempowered cannot escape the one inevitable fact of human existence.

Jobs and other celebrities cannot escape this reality, but unlike you and me, they live on in the memories of fans and followers and become guiding lights in the mundane darkness of our ordinary lives.

Reassessing Jobs' elevation to sainthood

James Martin, SJ, is a Jesuit priest and author of "My Life with the Saints" and "Between Heaven and Mirth: Why Joy, Humor and Laughter are at the Heart of the Religious Life."

Asking if we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint is different from asking if he was a saint. The first question turns on how society sees the digital-age genius. That’s a question of perception.

The second turns on how Mr. Jobs lived his life. That’s more a question of reality. The first is easy to answer; the second less so.

So onto the easy answer: Yes, we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint, in the same way that we often project qualities of holiness onto any celebrity with whom we felt affection.

The reactions to his death, which both surprised and moved me, mirrored the ways that many respond to the passing of those revered as “living saints,” like Mother Teresa.

But it wasn’t hard to see why people reacted with displays of quasi-religious affection, like leaving handwritten messages at Apple stores, offering heartfelt tributes on Twitter and posting worshipful photos on Facebook.

After all, he had several things in common with the saints. Steve Jobs was - and obituary writers seemed obliged to use the word - a visionary. (The word originally described the mystics, who were literal visionaries.)

Jobs was the object of a “cult,” in the classic Christian sense: someone who evokes great devotion and whose words and actions are anticipated, catalogued and scrutinized.

Like the saints, he was both worldly (manifestly human in his foibles) and otherworldly (particularly in his protean creativity). He gave us something we didn’t know we needed. He was mysterious.

Finally, Mr. Jobs was, as his now-famous Stanford commencement speech shows, a spiritual man in his own way.

Yet there is a key difference between the saints and Mr. Jobs that we may overlook. For all of his talents, Mr. Jobs did not seem to be - to put this as charitably as possible - the kindest man in the world, which is something of a requirement for a real saint.

Walter Isaacson’s new biography, "Steve Jobs," is chock full of incidents of its subject’s less-than-charitable behavior. And even though the saints didn’t always act lovingly, that is a rock-bottom requirement for a saint: kindness.

So here’s a third question: Is it accurate to speak of Steve Jobs as a saint? Probably not.

There are many other worthy, albeit lesser known, people who have not only accomplished great things but also have done them without, as a New York Times column said of Mr. Jobs, “incorrigible bullying, belittling and lying.”

People who were both creative and kind. Successful and charitable. Hard-working and forgiving.

Perhaps Mr. Jobs is, as all those editorial cartoons have depicted, in heaven showing St. Peter how to use an iPad. I hope so.

But a saint? To answer that question let’s begin not with how successful a person was, or even how much they changed the world, but how much they loved. Even if you spend more time with iPods than icons, “saint” isn’t a word to be thrown around lightly.

How Jobs' sainthood was derailed

Leander Kahney is editor and publisher of CultofMac.com, a news site that tracks Apple and the people who use its products.

Steve Jobs was quickly on his way to becoming canonized when a strange thing happened. Walter Isaacson's authorized biography hit bookstands.

Following his death earlier this month, the outpouring of grief for Jobs was huge and unprecedented. All over the world, people felt a keen sense of loss. Not since Michael Jackson has there been such an outpouring of public grief. And it's never before been lavished on the CEO of a Fortune 500 corporation.

But Jobs was no mere business leader. He was a cultural figure of the highest order. He was an artist whose medium was business and technology.

He crafted superb products that had great impact on our lives, His products, or copies of his products, have become near universal in the West. We all have computers, iPods and iPhones. They are indispensable - at work and play. They are well crafted. Before the iPhone, people hated their cell phones.

The story of Jobs' life also touched many people. He was an adoptee, a college dropout who enjoyed great success but also battled near-devastating setbacks and failures. He became an inspiration to lots of different people, from aspiring entrepreneurs to transplant patients.

He's a good candidate for a saint. There was something otherworldly about him. He clearly wasn't like the rest of us.

His severe aestheticism, his stern, intimidating self-assurance, his complexity: He was a Buddhist anti-materialist who made the world's most desirable products. A leftist multibillionaire who loved Bob Dylan but off-shored production to China. An elitist loner whose stated ambition was to democratize complex technology and make it easy enough for any bozo to use.

He was cut short in his prime. He was just getting started really. For most of his career, Jobs was regarded with skepticism or disdain. The business press regarded him as a mercurial madman who was good at marketing and got lucky with the iPod.

But when the iPhone took off, and Apple became the most valuable company in the world, he was suddenly lionized as the world's greatest CEO.

There was always the problem of his horrible reputation as a manager, of course. Everyone knew about the legendary tantrums, the outburst, insults and humiliations. That often got swept under the rug. It was just Steve being Steve.

Quirks, oddities, the price paid to put a dent in the universe. No one seemed to mention his lack of philanthropy, or the Chinese sweatshops that made his products.

And Isaacson's biography shows that Jobs' mean streak is much worse than we ever suspected. On page after page, the book details just how mean he could be. It's actually exhausting and more than a little bit depressing reading about the incessant torrent of outbursts and humiliations heaped upon his hapless colleagues - even the ones he liked.

The initial reaction is one of muted shock - people aren't liking what they're reading. Headlines like "Jobs the Jerk" aren't helping the canonization process.

But it's early days. The book has been out only a few days. Jobs' life and career were marked by bouncing back. Perhaps his reputation will outlive his own biography after all.

Steve Jobs was a saint. At least partly.

Gerardo Marti is L. Richardson King Association Professor of Sociology at Davidson College and author of "Worship across the Racial Divide" and "Hollywood Faith."

The passing of Steve Jobs provoked an outpouring of appreciation for a man who, frankly, most people did not really know.

Admiring his company, his design, and the devices he promoted, mass sympathy gave way to an idealization of the person behind the products. The recent accumulation of reams of Post-it Notes on retail Apple Store windows is one of many testaments to his status as a fetishized icon.

Should we be idolizing this assuredly genius entrepreneur?

Let's be honest. Steve Jobs was no saint, that much is clear. Every day we know more about his character, most recently through the startling revelations in the best-selling biography published by Walter Isaacson.

Jobs could be callous and cold. He rejected paternity of his first daughter. He refused many co-workers the riches of company stock options. He thought of himself as smarter than just about anyone else he
ever met.

If "saintliness" is measured by the virtues of extraordinary kindness, generosity or humility, Jobs fails the test.

However, "saintliness" in religious practice is less measured by a person's moral perfection than his or her ability to serve as a mediator between the ordinary and the transcendent.

In lived religious experience, a saint is not always admired as a righteous person to be imitated. But a saint is always trusted as a negotiator, a bridge-builder, an esoteric "middleman," who removes obstacles, facilitates progress and promotes blessing.

Fundamentally, a saint is an intermediary who makes the intangible accessible and more readily available.

Jobs had a single-minded vision for the varied media he designed, making complicated technology supremely accessible. He promoted his own genius while striving to bring out the genius of others.

In doing so, Jobs accomplished what few are able to do: connect with everyday lives, enrich people's aesthetics with evidence of beauty and offer tools for exercising personal gifts and talent.

Steve Jobs is certainly not a god-some otherworldly being who wrangles with intangible spirits in a largely unseen realm for justice or glory.

Instead, we see Jobs as an imperfect mortal who crafted software that stimulated our imagination alongside machines that motivated a seamlessness between ideas and objects, making the elusive tangible, decreasing the distance between ourselves and our ideals.

Jobs is being canonized to a secular sainthood as a flawed, charismatic visionary who transformed wires and plastic into sophisticated, supremely handy tools fitted alternatively to the demands and the dreams
of everyday life.

Yes, he altered the trajectories of whole industries, but for the ordinary worshipper, Jobs alleviated our frustrations while allowing us to go beyond them in cultivating words, objects and whole environments that give us fulfillment while productively transforming the world.

The opinions expressed in these commentaries are solely those of the authors.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Technology

soundoff (848 Responses)
  1. ray

    He was not a believer in Christ and hence he was an infidel.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:24 pm |
  2. humtake

    Steve Jobs has his place in history. He is one of the few guys who paved the path for digital devices. However, what I cannot condone is people who think he is any different from the other guys. Jobs did the same thing Gates did who did the same thing Paul Allen did, etc etc. They are all highly competent businessmen who did whatever it took to achieve their visions. They ALL bought technologies, none of them came up with any technology themselves. They had a vision of where the technology could go, but they did not come up with any original content. They just went out and bought up companies and/or the people who created certain IP's. People want to think Jobs is the inventor of all Apple products. In fact, just like MS, he didn't invent or innovate anything. He had a vision of something and he went out and bought the technology that someone else created and adapted it to his own vision. The fact that his biography apparently talks about how MS and Google were stolen ideas and blah blah blah is proof that Jobs was no better than any of them. He stole everything he came up with, also.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:22 pm |
  3. hillman

    he isnt the one who invented the computer or apple for that matter. he was chosen to take credit for it yes like all of the other supposed inventors when there claim to fame time was up they died of sum sort of cancer. each and everyone of them died.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:19 pm |
  4. St. Peters

    St. Peters: Moses, meet Steve. He's going to upgrade your tablets for you.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
  5. Christian

    He is a corporate saint. He is not a religious or moral saint. He represents what corporate America wants. If every American could be like Jobs, then corporate America would be in nirvana.
    This story of Jobs being a saint is being spun by a corporation. You don’t see the Pope or other religious leaders praising this guy.
    I almost think that corporations may try to start a religion. Remember corporations are people too. We as Americans have to decide if we want the American corporations to be considered as equals to Americans human. Right now I see that the government holds the American corporations in higher regards than an America human. What are we going to do to change this?

    October 26, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
    • The Unselfish Meme

      If you don't like corporations, you need to move to an island or something. Leave.

      October 26, 2011 at 2:24 pm |
  6. Kirk

    "Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?" Is CNN asking itself that question? They know they answer. The media is one doing this.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
  7. Chris StJohn

    Steve Jobs was no saint, but was Shakespere or Einstein or newton and others?

    October 26, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
  8. James Collins

    Steve Jobs invented the internet.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
    • Ben

      No, that was Tim Berners-Lee.

      October 26, 2011 at 2:21 pm |
  9. Tim

    We're not turning Steve into a saint – the media is. The rest of us already know the guy was a genius at what he did. Both my home and work computers are Macs and I'm glad of it. I'm equally glad I never had to work for the man. He might have died a lot sooner and I'd be in jail. Like the old saying goes – 'geniuses make lousy neighbors.'

    October 26, 2011 at 2:17 pm |
  10. Peter

    remember the objective of any article is to cultivate debate and site click counts...seems the author has fulfilled his or her objective, I see a promotion in your future

    October 26, 2011 at 2:17 pm |
  11. James Collins

    Couldn't stand him when he was alive....now quit patronizing him when he's dead.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:14 pm |
  12. jay

    CNN made him a saint a long time ago... I'm still a PC.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:13 pm |
  13. The Unselfish Meme

    Just the discussion of "saints" makes this fallacy of a discussion. Its complete wacko talk. Saints.

    Sure, there are overzealous fans, mostly immature kids who are a bit over the top with post its on the Apple Store, etc. You found this in the Michael Jackson memorials, all of which are touching but maybe a bit self-serving. They are gone and such outpourings really are there or made to console each other, like a kind of survivors guilt.

    Back to crazy talk – saints. Anyone saying how important saints are are nut jobs. Bozos. Wacko's. Religious wacko's. Saints... saints!

    In order to make Steve "a saint" you have to be a religious person filled with delusional thinking. Thats the first fallacy.

    I understand the talk of how brutal Jobs may have been in his early career so as to knock the idea of making him into a "saint".

    But humble people don't make great products. You can't go around all humble with one hand up blessing people for anything they do or don't do. That doesn't make iPhones or iPads or great computers, products. Who knows if that early Apple employee Steve didn't want to give stock options slacked off on work, was just leaching off an opportunity and he SAW IT. We don't know how awful some of those victim of Jobs wrath were, how bad they ssukked.

    Anyone pointing out how awful was to his employees is placing that behavior OUT of CONTEXT. In those days, it wasn't the POLITICALLY CORRECT world we live in now. Oh now you can't say anything that would snap an employee or several employees out of the bozo-ness they may be in.

    You can have a lawsuit or Anderson Cooper will be profiling your ___ on TV on either the Ridiculist or a serious report. Its a different paranoid, overly sensative, weak making world we live in now.

    And maybe THATS why many lament Jobs passing – because we live in a world, in a society now that nurtures weakness, fluffyness, slackerism, camping outside, protesting rather than actually really doing something and starting with YOU.

    My grammar is all over the place, I have no time to pull out an essay because this comment will get lost in the vast comments as awways. and id will not spellchek anything because I hae work to do.

    Was that too harsh> Oh im sorry... oh...

    October 26, 2011 at 2:13 pm |
    • The Unselfish Meme

      Just wanted to add one more thought, one more idea into the vast ocean of commentry...

      That why people may actually be cultivating a kind of "sainthood" (I can't believe Im starting to talk crazy) is that Jobs made tangeable THINGS. Things that helped us enjoy other things, make money, organize our lives, did I say make money? Yes, make money, further our careers, tools that helped us in making a business grow, modernize and move forward. In education, medical and other sciences, military, etc. etc.

      His vision and whipping people into place is what enhanced and moved a society, a world forward.

      In comparison, what did a saint do? List me the actual tangible things. Please.

      So thats why there's a more realistically, non-dellusional lament obviously spread and fueled by the way we are hyper-internconnected by the internet and our smart phones.

      Steve Jobs was real and tangible, he provided EVIDENCE that he changed the world and how we communicate and further ourselves.

      October 26, 2011 at 2:18 pm |
  14. John

    This is ridiculous. CNN, you can stop kissing the man's @$$! He wasn't a visionary or a saint. Seeing people refer to him as a visionary so often just shows how little tech writers know about actual technology. Speculating on his sainthood would probably offend him since he was a Buddhist.

    This is worse than Michael Jackson's coverage. The biggest mark he ever made on the world was filling up technology news sections with stupid story about technology he "invented" after it had already existed for years!

    October 26, 2011 at 2:13 pm |
    • LadyGagGag

      Steve Jobs was anything but a saint! He worked people to the bone, cancelled any type of employee or corporate donation practices and produced all of his goods off-shore under questionable work conditions. He envisioned some nice gadgets but he is no Warren Buffet or Bill Gates when it comes charitable works. Steve was a doouche.

      October 26, 2011 at 2:21 pm |
    • The Unselfish Meme

      And you're named ... John.

      I don't like over coverage or gushing over people too much, BUT I also ask myself before putting others down that have achieved so much, what have I done to get near, match or go beyond.

      Comments like yours wreaks of that Occupy lunacy that has a basis in envy and jealousy.

      You have nothing to contribute but complaining, whining, and putting others down. Thats all you got. You sir, suck.

      October 26, 2011 at 2:22 pm |
    • John

      Occupy lunacy? Not even. I'm conservative, but not Tea Party. And I'm not jealous. I'm angry that Apple has hindered technological advancement by turning it into a toy store that releases one or two new features at a time for the full price. And I'm just as angry at the consumers who support that practice and allow it to happen.
      And yup, my name's John, Unselfish Meme. (If that's your real name. LOL)

      October 26, 2011 at 2:37 pm |

    Steve job a saint?? might as well say Jeffery Dalhmer was a saint too, he had a vision. Not a big vision but he had one too.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:12 pm |
  16. James Collins

    Good riddence

    October 26, 2011 at 2:12 pm |
  17. KEMC


    October 26, 2011 at 2:11 pm |
  18. Jay


    October 26, 2011 at 2:10 pm |
  19. alice58

    i dont own any i/Apple products and never want to. There is nothing that an i-anything or apple can give to me that i dont already have with my other technology devices. Many people have ideas that are far cooler than what apple/jobs came up with, they just dont have the means...Also, I really lose a lot of respect for someone that gets cancer and refuses to treat it, as I have witnessed that very thing on several occassions by family members. Thankfully, my husband wasn't an arrogant a**hole and he's still living after his cancer dx.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:09 pm |
  20. John

    He has done more more good for more people than any saint.

    October 26, 2011 at 2:09 pm |

      Eyyyyeeaaah Riiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiight!

      October 26, 2011 at 2:13 pm |
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
About this blog

The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.