Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?
Walter Isaacson’s biography of Steve Jobs, who died this month, was published this week.
October 26th, 2011
06:00 AM ET

Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?

CNN asked four experts on religion and technology to weigh in on whether former Apple chief Steve Jobs is achieving a kind of secular sainthood. Here are their responses:

Steve Jobs for Sainthood? Absolutely.

Gary M. Laderman is chairman of Emory University’s religion department, director of the online magazine Religion Dispatches and author of "Sacred Matters."

The face. The face is everywhere now.

Steve Jobs the man is dead. But Steve Jobs the myth is only growing in stature and will only continue to grow as a cultural point of reference as an inspiring model for aspiring entrepreneurs, as a compelling success story with perplexing moral commitments and as an appealing icon whose life, death and products will, for many, cross over the line from profane to sacred.

In a USA Today review of Walter Isaacson’s new book, "Steve Jobs," the author rightly suggests that no Silicon Valley figure has attained the “mythical status” of Jobs and notes his “almost messianic zeal” for work.

Why the religious language to characterize his life and death? How does a mere mortal transform into a superhuman, glorified cultural hero?

Jobs has been the object of numerous memorials, and tributes - more than a million - are being posted on Apple’s “Remembering Steve” webpage, with condolences as well as testimonials about how Jobs and his products have touched and indeed transformed the lives of countless individuals.

Make no mistake about it, the veneration we are seeing in the aftermath of Jobs’ death is religious through and through - not “kinda” religious, or “pseudo” religious,” or “mistakenly” religious, but a genuine expression for many of heartfelt sacred sentiments of loss and glorification.

It is not tied to any institution like a church or to any discrete tradition like Buddhism; it is, instead, tied to a religious culture that will only grow in significance and influence in the years ahead: the cult of celebrity.

As more and more people move away from conventional religions and identify as “nones” (those who choose to claim “no religion” in polls and surveys), celebrity worship and other cultural forms of sacred commitment and meaning will assume an even greater market share of the spiritual marketplace.

In life Jobs may have been something of an enigma who maintained his privacy and generally stayed out of the public limelight. In death, Jobs now is an immortal celebrity whose life story, incredible wealth, familiar visage, and igadgets will serve as touchstones for many searching for meaningful gods and modes of transcendence.

It has been said that death is the great equalizer - rich and poor, successes and failures, the powerful and the disempowered cannot escape the one inevitable fact of human existence.

Jobs and other celebrities cannot escape this reality, but unlike you and me, they live on in the memories of fans and followers and become guiding lights in the mundane darkness of our ordinary lives.

Reassessing Jobs' elevation to sainthood

James Martin, SJ, is a Jesuit priest and author of "My Life with the Saints" and "Between Heaven and Mirth: Why Joy, Humor and Laughter are at the Heart of the Religious Life."

Asking if we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint is different from asking if he was a saint. The first question turns on how society sees the digital-age genius. That’s a question of perception.

The second turns on how Mr. Jobs lived his life. That’s more a question of reality. The first is easy to answer; the second less so.

So onto the easy answer: Yes, we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint, in the same way that we often project qualities of holiness onto any celebrity with whom we felt affection.

The reactions to his death, which both surprised and moved me, mirrored the ways that many respond to the passing of those revered as “living saints,” like Mother Teresa.

But it wasn’t hard to see why people reacted with displays of quasi-religious affection, like leaving handwritten messages at Apple stores, offering heartfelt tributes on Twitter and posting worshipful photos on Facebook.

After all, he had several things in common with the saints. Steve Jobs was - and obituary writers seemed obliged to use the word - a visionary. (The word originally described the mystics, who were literal visionaries.)

Jobs was the object of a “cult,” in the classic Christian sense: someone who evokes great devotion and whose words and actions are anticipated, catalogued and scrutinized.

Like the saints, he was both worldly (manifestly human in his foibles) and otherworldly (particularly in his protean creativity). He gave us something we didn’t know we needed. He was mysterious.

Finally, Mr. Jobs was, as his now-famous Stanford commencement speech shows, a spiritual man in his own way.

Yet there is a key difference between the saints and Mr. Jobs that we may overlook. For all of his talents, Mr. Jobs did not seem to be - to put this as charitably as possible - the kindest man in the world, which is something of a requirement for a real saint.

Walter Isaacson’s new biography, "Steve Jobs," is chock full of incidents of its subject’s less-than-charitable behavior. And even though the saints didn’t always act lovingly, that is a rock-bottom requirement for a saint: kindness.

So here’s a third question: Is it accurate to speak of Steve Jobs as a saint? Probably not.

There are many other worthy, albeit lesser known, people who have not only accomplished great things but also have done them without, as a New York Times column said of Mr. Jobs, “incorrigible bullying, belittling and lying.”

People who were both creative and kind. Successful and charitable. Hard-working and forgiving.

Perhaps Mr. Jobs is, as all those editorial cartoons have depicted, in heaven showing St. Peter how to use an iPad. I hope so.

But a saint? To answer that question let’s begin not with how successful a person was, or even how much they changed the world, but how much they loved. Even if you spend more time with iPods than icons, “saint” isn’t a word to be thrown around lightly.

How Jobs' sainthood was derailed

Leander Kahney is editor and publisher of CultofMac.com, a news site that tracks Apple and the people who use its products.

Steve Jobs was quickly on his way to becoming canonized when a strange thing happened. Walter Isaacson's authorized biography hit bookstands.

Following his death earlier this month, the outpouring of grief for Jobs was huge and unprecedented. All over the world, people felt a keen sense of loss. Not since Michael Jackson has there been such an outpouring of public grief. And it's never before been lavished on the CEO of a Fortune 500 corporation.

But Jobs was no mere business leader. He was a cultural figure of the highest order. He was an artist whose medium was business and technology.

He crafted superb products that had great impact on our lives, His products, or copies of his products, have become near universal in the West. We all have computers, iPods and iPhones. They are indispensable - at work and play. They are well crafted. Before the iPhone, people hated their cell phones.

The story of Jobs' life also touched many people. He was an adoptee, a college dropout who enjoyed great success but also battled near-devastating setbacks and failures. He became an inspiration to lots of different people, from aspiring entrepreneurs to transplant patients.

He's a good candidate for a saint. There was something otherworldly about him. He clearly wasn't like the rest of us.

His severe aestheticism, his stern, intimidating self-assurance, his complexity: He was a Buddhist anti-materialist who made the world's most desirable products. A leftist multibillionaire who loved Bob Dylan but off-shored production to China. An elitist loner whose stated ambition was to democratize complex technology and make it easy enough for any bozo to use.

He was cut short in his prime. He was just getting started really. For most of his career, Jobs was regarded with skepticism or disdain. The business press regarded him as a mercurial madman who was good at marketing and got lucky with the iPod.

But when the iPhone took off, and Apple became the most valuable company in the world, he was suddenly lionized as the world's greatest CEO.

There was always the problem of his horrible reputation as a manager, of course. Everyone knew about the legendary tantrums, the outburst, insults and humiliations. That often got swept under the rug. It was just Steve being Steve.

Quirks, oddities, the price paid to put a dent in the universe. No one seemed to mention his lack of philanthropy, or the Chinese sweatshops that made his products.

And Isaacson's biography shows that Jobs' mean streak is much worse than we ever suspected. On page after page, the book details just how mean he could be. It's actually exhausting and more than a little bit depressing reading about the incessant torrent of outbursts and humiliations heaped upon his hapless colleagues - even the ones he liked.

The initial reaction is one of muted shock - people aren't liking what they're reading. Headlines like "Jobs the Jerk" aren't helping the canonization process.

But it's early days. The book has been out only a few days. Jobs' life and career were marked by bouncing back. Perhaps his reputation will outlive his own biography after all.

Steve Jobs was a saint. At least partly.

Gerardo Marti is L. Richardson King Association Professor of Sociology at Davidson College and author of "Worship across the Racial Divide" and "Hollywood Faith."

The passing of Steve Jobs provoked an outpouring of appreciation for a man who, frankly, most people did not really know.

Admiring his company, his design, and the devices he promoted, mass sympathy gave way to an idealization of the person behind the products. The recent accumulation of reams of Post-it Notes on retail Apple Store windows is one of many testaments to his status as a fetishized icon.

Should we be idolizing this assuredly genius entrepreneur?

Let's be honest. Steve Jobs was no saint, that much is clear. Every day we know more about his character, most recently through the startling revelations in the best-selling biography published by Walter Isaacson.

Jobs could be callous and cold. He rejected paternity of his first daughter. He refused many co-workers the riches of company stock options. He thought of himself as smarter than just about anyone else he
ever met.

If "saintliness" is measured by the virtues of extraordinary kindness, generosity or humility, Jobs fails the test.

However, "saintliness" in religious practice is less measured by a person's moral perfection than his or her ability to serve as a mediator between the ordinary and the transcendent.

In lived religious experience, a saint is not always admired as a righteous person to be imitated. But a saint is always trusted as a negotiator, a bridge-builder, an esoteric "middleman," who removes obstacles, facilitates progress and promotes blessing.

Fundamentally, a saint is an intermediary who makes the intangible accessible and more readily available.

Jobs had a single-minded vision for the varied media he designed, making complicated technology supremely accessible. He promoted his own genius while striving to bring out the genius of others.

In doing so, Jobs accomplished what few are able to do: connect with everyday lives, enrich people's aesthetics with evidence of beauty and offer tools for exercising personal gifts and talent.

Steve Jobs is certainly not a god-some otherworldly being who wrangles with intangible spirits in a largely unseen realm for justice or glory.

Instead, we see Jobs as an imperfect mortal who crafted software that stimulated our imagination alongside machines that motivated a seamlessness between ideas and objects, making the elusive tangible, decreasing the distance between ourselves and our ideals.

Jobs is being canonized to a secular sainthood as a flawed, charismatic visionary who transformed wires and plastic into sophisticated, supremely handy tools fitted alternatively to the demands and the dreams
of everyday life.

Yes, he altered the trajectories of whole industries, but for the ordinary worshipper, Jobs alleviated our frustrations while allowing us to go beyond them in cultivating words, objects and whole environments that give us fulfillment while productively transforming the world.

The opinions expressed in these commentaries are solely those of the authors.

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Technology

soundoff (848 Responses)
  1. bornagainagain

    Steve Jobs was a buddhist, so he can't be a saint. He'd be mad at you if you consider him a saint. He supposedly will be reborn based on how he treated people. For example, how did he treat Bill Gates ? How did he treat all those Chinese workers at manufactured apple products ? Did he overwork apple employees ?

    I wonder what he'd be born as ? Perhaps the next Obama ? Or the next Justin Bieber ? Or the next Bin Laden ? Or the next Lindsey Lohan ?

    October 26, 2011 at 3:54 pm |
    • jon

      I believe that Tiger Woods is also some sort of a Buddhist. Another example of a person gone bad. Jobs a "saint?"
      What a crock! About all he did was run roughshod over people and take all the credit. There a lot of people like that.

      October 26, 2011 at 4:00 pm |
  2. Hellboy

    Maybe we should make him an iSaint and patent him. Time to move on.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
  3. paaaaleese

    "Making Jobs a saint?" well compared to the political leaders of this country I's say Effin-YEAH! compared to the industrial leaders ..of course. look at the changes and simplicity he brought to us. He thinking has made it possible to accelerate the rate of growth for all humans willing to take the leap.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:51 pm |
  4. Binyamin

    Steve Jobs created the iPhone on the 7th day while the rest of us were napping.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:51 pm |
  5. alateos

    How about naming the article "Are we filling every page with at least 1 Steve Jobs article?"

    October 26, 2011 at 3:49 pm |
  6. Chris, Austin

    No one asked whether all of the media attention and breathless tributes and tearful mourning paid to the death of a pedophile pop star was akin to sanctification. The question is nonsensical. Our media's harping on the death of prominent individuals, and the natural tendency to not speak ill of the dead make every famous person a saint for 15 minutes. A quarter of an hour of beatification. Warhol would have been amused – but unsurprised.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:49 pm |
  7. Cary

    Definitely not a Saint...please people. As someone mentioned he was cheap and hardly donated anything substantial to any cause or for any humanitarian need. He was focused on one thing..selling and making money for Apple..that's it! All these products are very expensive also.

    We can applause his success at being innovative, creative and technology savvy but that's really it.

    I won't hold the torch for Steve. If a better product is available, I'll buy it, as simple as that.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:45 pm |
  8. Tom

    All saints are man made. Jesus Christ, Buddha, Prophet Mohammed etc. Like now, we had people who lionized and elevated all the people I just mentioned.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:44 pm |
  9. Rod

    ... "but a genuine expression for many of heartfelt sacred sentiments of loss and glorification."

    Egregious stupidity and idolatry! Popularity unto "glorification" is nothing close to sainthood but simple idolatry! Saints are made in heaven not manmade when after forgiven, sanctified then revealed thru the anointing process of the Holy Spirit! Mr Jobs dont even qualify to be a garbage collector in the economy of God. Your posts should have scriptural knowledge to invoke on the sancitiy of the scriptures over sainthood, unless adnauseam abomination!

    October 26, 2011 at 3:43 pm |
    • Gingeet

      No, Saints are created by men (usually wearing funny hats) not in heaven. If they were created in heaven then know one here would know that they were saints. Sorry your logic not mine...

      October 26, 2011 at 3:46 pm |
    • Rod

      Gingeet, please read the Scriptures!

      October 26, 2011 at 3:55 pm |
    • jon

      There are no such people as "saints" – except perhaps Mother Theresa. And Steve Jobs was pretty darn far from her.

      October 26, 2011 at 4:04 pm |
  10. Bazza

    Steve jobs was as big a crook as Bill Gates. Xerox Parc should have sued them both for ripping off their user interface.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:42 pm |
    • paaaaleese

      useless thoughts, move on with your life.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:52 pm |
  11. babs

    pretty tired of praising people who adopt eastern and new age "spirituality" who have nevr taken the time to investigate the rich western traditions to which they are heirs.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:41 pm |
    • paaaaleese

      and have you done your homework before you suggest the opposite? I was raised in western culture and I'm now learning eastern and I can tell you unless you've tried it then ..... guess which finger I'm thinking of saluting you with?? I have to assume your a typical "common" american that speaks before he thinks. Once you've gone eastern "correctly" ...you NEVER go backwards in your thinking.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:47 pm |
  12. gm4designs

    It is ridiculous to discuss the sainthood of anyone much less Steve Jobs whose bio dad was a muslim. He forsook all religions and became a buddhist. Only Catholics can be made into a saint at all events. The cult of Apple started many years ago and the esteem with which Steve Jobs is held by many persons is well earned. Who else can you name who would be that worthy? When he left this world Apple, Inc. had more cash on hand than the US government.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:39 pm |
    • Gingeet

      Sorry, other religions have saints too. Where do you think the Christians got the idea from? They stole the idea just like the first book of the bible.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:48 pm |
  13. Peter

    Seriously, he was a horrible person to work with or for, self absorbed, never donated or at least not to a level that matched his income and he seemed to be a bit of a narcisist. Not sure which if his great qualities would even make him remotely saint like. I agree, the media spin is rediculous, guys he is dead, let him rest and find another hero to worship...

    October 26, 2011 at 3:35 pm |
    • Comportland

      I think a lot of these media outlets have writers with a lot of money in Apple stock. The Apple brand has lost value to people. If you give all of the credit to Jobs as being the genius inventor, marketing mastermind, backbone, and saint... well what the heck is Apple without him? Every product from here on out will just either immitation or continuation. That is what I get from the idolization of Jobs...the company is garbage now.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:47 pm |
    • SC

      Agreed! He's even more annoying in death than he was in life ... and I didn't think that was possible.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:48 pm |
    • jon

      I suppose to some extent we have all worked with people like him. Although they may be very smart, they seem to get great satisfaction in putting other people down. A pretty lousy personality trait I would say. Jobs a "saint"? – no thanks.

      October 26, 2011 at 4:08 pm |
  14. lug

    I was furious when reading this story. I wanted to say to the posters down below thanks for helping me realize there is still some common sense left in this world. Steve Jobs passing may be tough on some people and as a human being I understand and know that it should be. Steve Jobs was a CEO that was terrific in marketing. Most of Apples R& D and know how was acquired by their big dollars made in the huge profit margins for the devices they sold. This where it should be left at and people should have their own legacies defined by what they did and not pushed on us like this. If Steve Jobs touched my life it shouldn't take a CNN article to make me realize this.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:35 pm |
  15. martinmunson

    Steve Jobs told wickedimproper . com that the Kindle Fire would make 'a pretty neat coaster.' LOL Steve, RIP.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:34 pm |
  16. nael

    Steve Jobs was a smart business man and that's it. He saw a need in the market place and filled its void. On the other hand, Steve Jobs was void of ethics and faith from reading the first 4 chapters of the biography.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:30 pm |
  17. rockfish

    He was smart, but he could'nt outsmart the Grimm Reaper.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:29 pm |
    • hello

      Neither did Jesus christ or Prophet mohammed or even Buddha could escape grim reamer.
      What does that tell you!. We annointed them saints as well

      October 26, 2011 at 3:40 pm |
    • ehreh

      @Hello, Actually Jesus never "died". He resurrected from death. Learn the facts before baffling.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:54 pm |
    • Tom


      Yeah, Jesus never died!. Is he alive now? Resurrected is the story you got suckered into. Moron.

      October 26, 2011 at 4:23 pm |
  18. SisterMaryPat

    The masses don't want to make him a saint. However, the few who are without brains in the media are determined to make him one. Ignorant articles such as this as certain proof.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:27 pm |
    • SisterMaryPat

      By the bye, I'm an Irish Catholic sister and I thoroughly enjoy using my iPad. Mr. Jobs has created a wonderful product but it's not like an Epiphany from the Good Lord every time I turn it on.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:32 pm |
    • RN

      I agree – thanks.
      I was never expecting him to be saint – but I love his products.

      October 26, 2011 at 3:44 pm |
  19. Comportland

    He is not a saint in any form, and I can tell you that I am not typing this from an iPad, iPod, iPhone, iMac, or iAnything. I seem to be functioning quite well without it. iJobs was an insanely great salesman, though. Look, you still believe that your life would be less productive, fun, or fulfilling without and $800 tablet. He could have sold you iCrap and you would have ate it up.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:24 pm |
    • MM


      October 26, 2011 at 3:34 pm |
  20. john

    The guy was a great inventor. Thats it. Everyone is making him out to be a f$#%$#$ Saint. Get over it.

    October 26, 2011 at 3:24 pm |
    • Pete H

      Innovator. Theres a big difference.

      October 26, 2011 at 6:07 pm |
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
About this blog

The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.