October 26th, 2011
06:00 AM ET
Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?
CNN asked four experts on religion and technology to weigh in on whether former Apple chief Steve Jobs is achieving a kind of secular sainthood. Here are their responses:
Steve Jobs for Sainthood? Absolutely.
Gary M. Laderman is chairman of Emory University’s religion department, director of the online magazine Religion Dispatches and author of "Sacred Matters."
The face. The face is everywhere now.
Steve Jobs the man is dead. But Steve Jobs the myth is only growing in stature and will only continue to grow as a cultural point of reference as an inspiring model for aspiring entrepreneurs, as a compelling success story with perplexing moral commitments and as an appealing icon whose life, death and products will, for many, cross over the line from profane to sacred.
In a USA Today review of Walter Isaacson’s new book, "Steve Jobs," the author rightly suggests that no Silicon Valley figure has attained the “mythical status” of Jobs and notes his “almost messianic zeal” for work.
Why the religious language to characterize his life and death? How does a mere mortal transform into a superhuman, glorified cultural hero?
Jobs has been the object of numerous memorials, and tributes - more than a million - are being posted on Apple’s “Remembering Steve” webpage, with condolences as well as testimonials about how Jobs and his products have touched and indeed transformed the lives of countless individuals.
Make no mistake about it, the veneration we are seeing in the aftermath of Jobs’ death is religious through and through - not “kinda” religious, or “pseudo” religious,” or “mistakenly” religious, but a genuine expression for many of heartfelt sacred sentiments of loss and glorification.
It is not tied to any institution like a church or to any discrete tradition like Buddhism; it is, instead, tied to a religious culture that will only grow in significance and influence in the years ahead: the cult of celebrity.
As more and more people move away from conventional religions and identify as “nones” (those who choose to claim “no religion” in polls and surveys), celebrity worship and other cultural forms of sacred commitment and meaning will assume an even greater market share of the spiritual marketplace.
In life Jobs may have been something of an enigma who maintained his privacy and generally stayed out of the public limelight. In death, Jobs now is an immortal celebrity whose life story, incredible wealth, familiar visage, and igadgets will serve as touchstones for many searching for meaningful gods and modes of transcendence.
It has been said that death is the great equalizer - rich and poor, successes and failures, the powerful and the disempowered cannot escape the one inevitable fact of human existence.
Jobs and other celebrities cannot escape this reality, but unlike you and me, they live on in the memories of fans and followers and become guiding lights in the mundane darkness of our ordinary lives.
Reassessing Jobs' elevation to sainthood
James Martin, SJ, is a Jesuit priest and author of "My Life with the Saints" and "Between Heaven and Mirth: Why Joy, Humor and Laughter are at the Heart of the Religious Life."
Asking if we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint is different from asking if he was a saint. The first question turns on how society sees the digital-age genius. That’s a question of perception.
The second turns on how Mr. Jobs lived his life. That’s more a question of reality. The first is easy to answer; the second less so.
So onto the easy answer: Yes, we have turned Steve Jobs into a saint, in the same way that we often project qualities of holiness onto any celebrity with whom we felt affection.
The reactions to his death, which both surprised and moved me, mirrored the ways that many respond to the passing of those revered as “living saints,” like Mother Teresa.
But it wasn’t hard to see why people reacted with displays of quasi-religious affection, like leaving handwritten messages at Apple stores, offering heartfelt tributes on Twitter and posting worshipful photos on Facebook.
After all, he had several things in common with the saints. Steve Jobs was - and obituary writers seemed obliged to use the word - a visionary. (The word originally described the mystics, who were literal visionaries.)
Jobs was the object of a “cult,” in the classic Christian sense: someone who evokes great devotion and whose words and actions are anticipated, catalogued and scrutinized.
Like the saints, he was both worldly (manifestly human in his foibles) and otherworldly (particularly in his protean creativity). He gave us something we didn’t know we needed. He was mysterious.
Finally, Mr. Jobs was, as his now-famous Stanford commencement speech shows, a spiritual man in his own way.
Yet there is a key difference between the saints and Mr. Jobs that we may overlook. For all of his talents, Mr. Jobs did not seem to be - to put this as charitably as possible - the kindest man in the world, which is something of a requirement for a real saint.
Walter Isaacson’s new biography, "Steve Jobs," is chock full of incidents of its subject’s less-than-charitable behavior. And even though the saints didn’t always act lovingly, that is a rock-bottom requirement for a saint: kindness.
So here’s a third question: Is it accurate to speak of Steve Jobs as a saint? Probably not.
There are many other worthy, albeit lesser known, people who have not only accomplished great things but also have done them without, as a New York Times column said of Mr. Jobs, “incorrigible bullying, belittling and lying.”
People who were both creative and kind. Successful and charitable. Hard-working and forgiving.
Perhaps Mr. Jobs is, as all those editorial cartoons have depicted, in heaven showing St. Peter how to use an iPad. I hope so.
But a saint? To answer that question let’s begin not with how successful a person was, or even how much they changed the world, but how much they loved. Even if you spend more time with iPods than icons, “saint” isn’t a word to be thrown around lightly.
How Jobs' sainthood was derailed
Steve Jobs was quickly on his way to becoming canonized when a strange thing happened. Walter Isaacson's authorized biography hit bookstands.
Following his death earlier this month, the outpouring of grief for Jobs was huge and unprecedented. All over the world, people felt a keen sense of loss. Not since Michael Jackson has there been such an outpouring of public grief. And it's never before been lavished on the CEO of a Fortune 500 corporation.
But Jobs was no mere business leader. He was a cultural figure of the highest order. He was an artist whose medium was business and technology.
He crafted superb products that had great impact on our lives, His products, or copies of his products, have become near universal in the West. We all have computers, iPods and iPhones. They are indispensable - at work and play. They are well crafted. Before the iPhone, people hated their cell phones.
The story of Jobs' life also touched many people. He was an adoptee, a college dropout who enjoyed great success but also battled near-devastating setbacks and failures. He became an inspiration to lots of different people, from aspiring entrepreneurs to transplant patients.
He's a good candidate for a saint. There was something otherworldly about him. He clearly wasn't like the rest of us.
His severe aestheticism, his stern, intimidating self-assurance, his complexity: He was a Buddhist anti-materialist who made the world's most desirable products. A leftist multibillionaire who loved Bob Dylan but off-shored production to China. An elitist loner whose stated ambition was to democratize complex technology and make it easy enough for any bozo to use.
He was cut short in his prime. He was just getting started really. For most of his career, Jobs was regarded with skepticism or disdain. The business press regarded him as a mercurial madman who was good at marketing and got lucky with the iPod.
But when the iPhone took off, and Apple became the most valuable company in the world, he was suddenly lionized as the world's greatest CEO.
There was always the problem of his horrible reputation as a manager, of course. Everyone knew about the legendary tantrums, the outburst, insults and humiliations. That often got swept under the rug. It was just Steve being Steve.
Quirks, oddities, the price paid to put a dent in the universe. No one seemed to mention his lack of philanthropy, or the Chinese sweatshops that made his products.
And Isaacson's biography shows that Jobs' mean streak is much worse than we ever suspected. On page after page, the book details just how mean he could be. It's actually exhausting and more than a little bit depressing reading about the incessant torrent of outbursts and humiliations heaped upon his hapless colleagues - even the ones he liked.
The initial reaction is one of muted shock - people aren't liking what they're reading. Headlines like "Jobs the Jerk" aren't helping the canonization process.
But it's early days. The book has been out only a few days. Jobs' life and career were marked by bouncing back. Perhaps his reputation will outlive his own biography after all.
Steve Jobs was a saint. At least partly.
Gerardo Marti is L. Richardson King Association Professor of Sociology at Davidson College and author of "Worship across the Racial Divide" and "Hollywood Faith."
The passing of Steve Jobs provoked an outpouring of appreciation for a man who, frankly, most people did not really know.
Admiring his company, his design, and the devices he promoted, mass sympathy gave way to an idealization of the person behind the products. The recent accumulation of reams of Post-it Notes on retail Apple Store windows is one of many testaments to his status as a fetishized icon.
Should we be idolizing this assuredly genius entrepreneur?
Let's be honest. Steve Jobs was no saint, that much is clear. Every day we know more about his character, most recently through the startling revelations in the best-selling biography published by Walter Isaacson.
Jobs could be callous and cold. He rejected paternity of his first daughter. He refused many co-workers the riches of company stock options. He thought of himself as smarter than just about anyone else he
If "saintliness" is measured by the virtues of extraordinary kindness, generosity or humility, Jobs fails the test.
However, "saintliness" in religious practice is less measured by a person's moral perfection than his or her ability to serve as a mediator between the ordinary and the transcendent.
In lived religious experience, a saint is not always admired as a righteous person to be imitated. But a saint is always trusted as a negotiator, a bridge-builder, an esoteric "middleman," who removes obstacles, facilitates progress and promotes blessing.
Fundamentally, a saint is an intermediary who makes the intangible accessible and more readily available.
Jobs had a single-minded vision for the varied media he designed, making complicated technology supremely accessible. He promoted his own genius while striving to bring out the genius of others.
In doing so, Jobs accomplished what few are able to do: connect with everyday lives, enrich people's aesthetics with evidence of beauty and offer tools for exercising personal gifts and talent.
Steve Jobs is certainly not a god-some otherworldly being who wrangles with intangible spirits in a largely unseen realm for justice or glory.
Instead, we see Jobs as an imperfect mortal who crafted software that stimulated our imagination alongside machines that motivated a seamlessness between ideas and objects, making the elusive tangible, decreasing the distance between ourselves and our ideals.
Jobs is being canonized to a secular sainthood as a flawed, charismatic visionary who transformed wires and plastic into sophisticated, supremely handy tools fitted alternatively to the demands and the dreams
Yes, he altered the trajectories of whole industries, but for the ordinary worshipper, Jobs alleviated our frustrations while allowing us to go beyond them in cultivating words, objects and whole environments that give us fulfillment while productively transforming the world.
The opinions expressed in these commentaries are solely those of the authors.
About this blog
The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.
Over rated. Over hyped.
Love the term iSheep! Just try to get anyone with an iPhone to complain about it. But the AT&T service backing it up around here sucks. My wife has had the Kool-Aid, too, with her Touch and Apple laptop. When they won't retrieve her e-mails, she blames it on the internet provider! Even though I'm still getting a good wireless signal on my Windows machine, as well as my daughters'. The devices just lose her e-mail settings at random, and the Apple store tell her to contact the ISP. It couldn't be the Apple product! They're perfect!
The iPod, iPhone, and Touch are proof that Apple could never penetrate the business market with their ridiculously overprice products. Now to read the scoopon how Jobs mowed people down, and employed slaves in China just to advance his ego. Pathetic hypocrisy.
Steve Jobs is no Saint and not even really the man behind the products. Cuthroat businessman, yes. Business inovator, yes. Product, inventor, HELL NO. The actual original products of the company were almost entirely generated by the "other steve" Stever Wozniak. Jobs just figured out an ingenious way to market computers to the masses and then have complete and total control over every aspect of his brand. HE DIDN'T INVENT ANY OF THESE PRODUCTS. I don't understand why people try to credit him to it. And there are far more important innovators in the computer world than Jobs. Businessmen will never be Saints and never should be.
"We" are not making Steve Jobs a saint. You, CNN, are trying to make Steve Jobs a saint. The man is dead......move on!!
And he has yet to rise from the grave! So can we PLEASE move on? The guy was a SALESMAN...nothing more. While I respect the profession (I am actually in sales myself), I dont think he deserves the honors people heap on him. It was his own cult of personality that made people think he INVENTED stuff, when all he did was hire the engineers that DID invent his products. He was a bully, a control freak, and an outright a**hole, but people still love him like he was their godfather or something! The iSheep need to come to grips with the fact that Jobs as a PERSON was NOT someone to imitate! Jobs as a BUSINESSMAN was a genius, but he sacrificed EVERYTHING in his life that was worthwhile to do what he did. I would not want to raise my children with him as any kind of role model!
Jobs, and Apple as a whole, did not INVENT anything. ANYTHING. He, Wozniak, and Apple took existing technology and did a fine job marketing it.
They did not create the first MP3 player, the first personal computer, the first graphical user interface, the first "smart" phone, I don't think they created one single "first" anything.
Saint? Yeah... to the people in China producing Apple's products, maybe he's a saint for paying them pennies, I don't know.
Steve Jobs a saint? Ha ha ha! Saint Azzhole, maybe. The guy was a royal jerk with a knack for tech. If that classifies him for sainthood, go for it. Means nothing to me and 99.999% of others.
The bored media is making him into a saint. To me he was an intelligent man with good business sense. But he was not Eienstein. You media people are like a dumb dog with a bone and you are trying to create more drama than there is present.
Jobs was no saint...he was the greatest social manipulator and con artist of the modern age. PT Barnum had nothing on this guy.
Humans are flawed. By all accounts Frank Lloyd Wright wasn't the most pleasant person, Ty Cobb was racist, and Jobs kinda screwed over Wozniak and from many accounts was difficult to get along with. But even flawed people can achieve great things. I am not comparing Jobs to any biblical figure, but if you read the stories of many bible heroes, they were pretty buck wild.
Good God, just when I thought CNN couldn't fe||ate Jobs anymore, they come up with this crap. No, we (The readers) aren't making Jobs into a saint, you (The media) are doing that job. There were Jobs articles, timelines, videos, and all kinds of other media plastered all over news sites for weeks after his death. I saved an image of CNN's home page the day after Jobs' death and there were 12 headlines, 7 videos, 8 tech articles, 5 mashables, 3 business articles, 1 article each in U.S. news, politics, health, hot topics, and a poll. And you have the gnads to say WE'RE making him a saint? LOL,K,NOTHANX. Do us a favor and shut the **** up about this man. He was a genius business person who knew how to market an electronic and give it mass appeal, but that's about it. He's no different from any other corporation key people.
is cnn making him into a saint, YES.
@ Jesus... Catholics did not invent child molesting. It was invented by southern redneck teabaggers in trailer parks.
...I'm guessing it was invented in a cave somewhere, by a caveman.
Palease, let the man rest, the media just beats everything to death, haven't seen any Michael Jackson articles lately though, he's having one of his best years ever.
Until Steve intercedes and fixes the broken DVD on my iMac, he can't be considered for sainthood.
Just never thought that much about him...he was just a player in an industry that was just starting with very few players , hence his notoriety.
It all depends on how one wants to define 'saint'. If we use the original greek definition–"to set apart", then perhaps we can say: yes, Jobs has been made a saint, but if we use the Catholic meaning, "to be canonized"' no, Jobs has not been made a saint, If we think of it in the general way the word is used in the Bible, which means: "set apart for God", that can't be meant either. That is the problem we get into when people start to 'redefine' words.
That is the problem we get into when people start to 'redefine' words.
And as you pointed out, redefining is what we have always done.
Seems appropriate since he redefined consumer electronics.
"Short Takes: Are we turning Steve Jobs into a saint?" Are we putting up flame bait to attract viewers?
having a good product does not make you a good leader..
IIf you read the bible you will realize the definition of a saint is not someone who has performed miracles, but rather a saint is simply a believer in Christ. You can find that in Acts 9:13. "Lord, I have heard from many about this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem."
Catholicism has hi-jacked that definition.
Did not think that his eastern belief system called for saints. One thing he has over the rest of us is he knows what happens after death; however we will all soon join him in knowing.