Cheerleaders win temporary injunction in high-profile free speech case
October 18th, 2012
04:14 PM ET

Cheerleaders win temporary injunction in high-profile free speech case

By Jason Morris, CNN

Dallas (CNN)– Cheerleaders from a small eastern Texas town have won the first battle in their crusade to display Christian religious messages on banners at their high school's football games.

State District Judge Steve Thomas of Hardin County implemented a temporary injunction Thursday in favor of the Kountze High School cheerleaders, and by setting a trial date of June 24, 2013, Thomas effectively allows the cheerleaders to keep displaying Bible-quoting signs at Kountze athletic events through the end of this current school year.

Macy Matthews, a 15-year-old Kountze sophomore, was eating lunch at cheerleading camp last July when her friend Megan became inspired by images she saw on social media.

"She saw a picture on Pinterest of a team that had made a run-through sign with a scripture on it, and as we were sitting down eating, she showed us and asked if we would be interested in doing that for the football season. So, we all talked about it," Matthews remembered. "We all loved the idea and thought it was really cool and encouraging."

Macy's mother, Coti Matthews, said the girls were excited to use Biblical phrases they considered motivational and uplifting for both the Kountz Lions and their opponents.

"It's their Christian belief, and they liked the idea and thought it was very positive, instead of doing traditional banners that say things like, 'Cage the Eagles,' or 'Bash the Tigers,' she said.

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Instead, before the first three home games this season, the football players bolted onto the field through banners bearing New Testament verses such as "I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me." Philippians 4:13; "I press on toward the goal to win the prize for which God has called me in Christ Jesus." Philippians 3:14; and "If God is for us, who can be against us, who can be against us?" Romans 8:31.

Phrases such as those have embroiled the cheerleaders from the small east Texas town of Kountze in a legal controversy: Are the banners, when used at a public school event, a legitimate individual expression of free speech, or do they violate the concept of separation of church and state?

The cheerleaders recently found out via an intercom announcement during the last period of school that they were no longer allowed to use Bible verses on their run-through banners. Macy Matthews said the decision came abruptly, with no explanation. "I was shocked, but I was also very hurt that we couldn't do it anymore, and I didn't understand how we were violating any rights," Matthews told CNN.

Thomas agreed enough to impose the injunction in Matthews v. Kountze Independent School District, ruling that, among other things, the plaintiffs would "suffer a probably imminent and irreparable injury in the interim" without the injunction.

Texas' Attorney General Greg Abbott praised the judge's ruling.

"Today's decision is an important victory for the cheerleaders' freedom of religion. The Constitution has never demanded that students check their religious beliefs at the schoolhouse door. Students' ability to express their religious views adds to the diversity of thought that has made this country so strong," Abbott said. "Texas law supports students' right to freely express their religious beliefs without discrimination. We will not allow groups or individuals to wage a war on religion by trying to intimidate students into embracing a secular mindset."

How this case went to court

The Freedom From Religion Foundation, a national nonprofit organization based in Madison, Wisconsin, that advocates the separation of church and state, ignited the spark that brought the story into the national spotlight. The organization said it received a complaint about the religious nature of the cheerleaders' signs from somebody in the community, but citing privacy concerns, wouldn't reveal any additional details. The foundation then sent a letter to the Kountze Independent School District, claiming that the religious nature of the cheerleaders' signs was illegal.

Based on a precedent set in a 2000 Supreme Court case, Santa Fe Independent School District v. Jane Doe, the Kountze Independent School District's attorneys advised Superintendent Kevin Weldon to immediately ban the religious banners. In that case emanating from southeast Texas, the Supreme Court ruled that it would not allow the broadcast of student-initiated and student-led prayer over the public address system before high school football games.

After the Kountze Independent School District's decision, the cheerleaders and their families filed suit on September 20. Judge Thomas issued a temporary two-week restraining order later that day, allowing the cheerleaders to continue using their "spirit run-through banners," and extended that order another two weeks on October 4.

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Thomas Brandt, the lawyer who represents the Kountze ISD and Superintendent Weldon, says this situation is very similar to Santa Fe v. Jane Doe, and in good faith, they asked the court for clarity and interpretation of the law so they can do the right thing.

"The school district is trying to walk a very thin line here, and to obey the law. That's the primary motive, the primary focus of the school district," he said. "On the one hand, we're trying not be endorsing any particular religion. On the other hand, we're not trying to be hostile to religion. We're trying to walk that very thin line of this elusive neutrality that we are required to achieve."

Texas intervention

On Wednesday, the state of Texas intervened, filing a petition with the Texas District Court of Hardin County to support the Kountze cheerleaders on the basis of defending the constitutionality of Texas statues.

"We will not allow atheist groups from outside the state of Texas to come into the state to use menacing and misleading and intimidating tactics to try to bully schools to bow down to the altar of secular beliefs," Abbott said Wednesday.

In a statement, the Attorney General's office explained that the Texas Religious Viewpoints Anti–Discrimination Act requires school districts to treat a student's voluntary expression of religious views in the same manner that the district treats a student's expression of any other point of view.

"Those banners, which the cheerleaders independently produce on their own time with privately funded supplies, are perfectly constitutional. The State of Texas intervened in this case to defend the cheerleaders' right to exercise their personal religious beliefs - and to defend the constitutionality of a state law that protects religious liberties for all Texans," the statement read.

Texas Gov. Rick Perry even Skyped with the cheerleaders last week to show his support.

"As government leaders, we owe it to people of all religions to protect expressions of faith, to ensure everyone has a right to voice their opinions and worship as they see fit," Gov. Perry said.

The Freedom From Religion Foundation said it was "shocked" and "flabbergasted" at the intervention by Attorney General Abbott and Gov. Perry, calling those actions "highly unprofessional." The foundation's lawyer, Randall Kallinen, accused the politicians of pandering to their Republican constituents for votes.

"It's 100% politics. In their party, that is a fact that it's in their platform to be more favorable to the religious right," Kallinen said.

He added that he thinks today's ruling was "purely a political decision," and that if the case was tried in federal court, there would be a very different outcome.

"I doubt the case will even go to trial," Kallinen told CNN. "The people being sued and the judge have to be re-elected, so I don't see how we can get very far."

Interpreting the First Amendment

Kallinen argued that the First Amendment's Establishment Clause prohibits the government from endorsing a particular religion.

"People have freedom of speech. So, individuals have freedom of speech, but also there is the right that the government shall establish no religion. So, the question becomes, 'Is what the cheerleaders are doing private speech,or is it school-sponsored speech?'" Kallinen said. "What the school district is saying is, 'You are in the uniforms that have the name on it. You are in the property of the school. It's a school football game, and you are putting these religious banners onto school property. Therefore, it is school-sponsored speech.' And when it is school-sponsored speech, then it is subject to the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, and that is that the government should not promote, endorse, or advance a particular religion."

Mike Johnson, who is representing many of the cheerleaders' families as senior counsel for the Liberty Institute - a nonprofit group which says it is "committed to defending and restoring religious liberty across America" - disagrees that the banners are school-sponsored, and argues that this is a quintessential example of students' private free speech and expression.

"If you have student-led, student-initiated expression, it is to be regarded as private speech. And because it is private speech, it can't be censored or silenced by the government, short of some reasonable limitations on school kids such as obscenity or a material and substantial disruption to the school day. We don't have any of that here," Johnson said.

Interpretation of the First Amendment's Establishment Clause is something Brandt says can be "a bit confused and confusing."

"Most legal scholars and many judges will admit that the opinions that come out in the Establishment Clause area have been lacking in consistency," Brandt told CNN. "There doesn't seem to have any clear guidance as to individual circumstances."

Kountze locals say town is "united"

A Facebook page started after the school district's decision called "Support Kountze Kids Faith," now has over 48,000 members, far surpassing the reaches of the roughly 2,100 residents of Kountze.

Coti Matthews says the whole town of Kountze supports her daughter and the cheerleaders, and believes they should be able to exercise their freedoms without interference.

"It was student-initiated, student-oriented. The school doesn't pay for any supplies. The school doesn't buy their uniforms. The school does not pay one dollar for anything having to do with cheerleading," she said. "The parents buy the uniforms, the camp clothes, shoes, pom-poms. The school doesn't purchase the paper or the paint or anything to make those banners."

Her daughter Macy looks forward to making religious-themed banners for the rest of her high school career.

"I would like to do this every year," Macy said. "We get into it pretty big."

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Christianity • Courts

soundoff (859 Responses)
  1. Scout

    These cheerleaders will soon marry and be barefoot and in the kitchen.

    October 19, 2012 at 7:12 pm |
    • LoLo

      ... cooking only fattening food, and becoming obese. This, sadly, will be the highlight of their whole lives.

      October 20, 2012 at 1:30 am |
  2. Missy

    The Big Tex statue down there just burned up. Surely that is a sign of God's displeasure with Texas!

    October 19, 2012 at 3:56 pm |
    • DustyOnes

      or displeasure with electricity. Don't rag on ol' Tex.

      October 19, 2012 at 7:46 pm |
    • Missy

      Tex was pure Texan: Antique, brainless and recklessly dangerous.

      October 20, 2012 at 1:32 am |
  3. P. J. O'Rouke

    I once wrote to local paper that i don't mind prayer in school, as long it is some good Catholic prayers, Our Fathers or Hail Marys, but none of these evangelical "Please don't spite me Jesus" prayers. So, i am also good with banners that "Saints Be Praised" or "Sponsored by Knights of Columbus Hall 2347" or "Jesuits Kick Baptist Butts"

    October 19, 2012 at 3:32 pm |
    • Missy

      Would Jesuits really be interested in "kicking" Baptist butts? 😉

      October 19, 2012 at 3:58 pm |
    • umm..

      How about a hindu, muslim, sikh, budhist prayers as well? or do you as.sume that there won't be students of other faiths in schools?

      October 19, 2012 at 4:20 pm |
    • Athy

      Or do you just ignore all those other faiths as being invalid and assume only yours is the "true and only" faith?

      October 19, 2012 at 5:22 pm |
  4. lunchbreaker

    However you want to interpret the Consti tution, if the "God" on the banner were any God other than the Christian God, it would not have been allowed.

    October 19, 2012 at 3:23 pm |
    • DeusEtPatria

      Of course, because that is blasphemy.

      October 19, 2012 at 3:58 pm |
    • Missy

      And that's how Muslims would characterize this banner, as blasphemy.

      October 19, 2012 at 4:00 pm |
  5. Jt

    How about having some Catholic school with their own banner evoking some saint's intercession? How many people down there would like their tax money supporting something like that?

    October 19, 2012 at 3:23 pm |
    • lunchbreaker

      If it's a Catholic school, that would be a private inst itution, no tax dollars involved.

      October 19, 2012 at 3:28 pm |
    • Jt

      That's the point. Anywhere else in the world but down in the Bible Belt this would only be tolerated by privately-funded religious schools. If these folks feel this strongly then why don't they get their church to buy this school, and fund it themselves?

      October 19, 2012 at 3:35 pm |
    • lunchbreaker

      I know right.

      October 19, 2012 at 5:13 pm |
  6. P. J. O'Rouke

    When is see these cheerleaders and read their comments i am reminded of a portion of the opening montage in the movie "Idiocracy". If y'all have not seen it you should. LMAO!

    October 19, 2012 at 3:18 pm |
    • saggyroy

      Idiocracy. Scary but true.

      October 19, 2012 at 7:54 pm |
  7. ME II

    I see there are Baptist churches in Kountze, Texas 77625.
    Perhaps their next banner should read.

    "We shall not fall, 'once saved, always saved'"

    October 19, 2012 at 3:15 pm |
  8. P. J. O'Rouke

    Abbott: "bow down to the alter of secular beliefs"...really? NOT over the top, are we Greg? This is the same attorney general who limits his citizens rights to sue and recover damages in all kinds of situations, only AFTER HE RECOVERED MAJOR DAMAGES from a tree service that looked at a tree that later fell on Abbott, causing him to be paralyzed. Under todays Texas law and AD Abbott, YOU counld not make the same recovery!! Hypocrite!

    October 19, 2012 at 3:09 pm |
  9. P. J. O'Rouke

    Funny, that's what Rommel told his North Afrika Corps, too.

    October 19, 2012 at 3:01 pm |
    • Mike D

      If Rommel were alive today I bet he'd be able to figure out the reply function.

      October 19, 2012 at 3:15 pm |
  10. Primewonk

    I think we should take this team and their cheerleaders with their banners and send them up to Fordson Highschool in Dearborn. Fordson is 95% Muslim. We'll have them play each other. If Dearborn wins, it means that their version of a god is stronger than these nutters. Maybe then they'll shut up?

    October 19, 2012 at 2:51 pm |
    • Missy

      The Big Tex statue down there just burned up. Surely that is a sign of God's displeasure with Texas!

      October 19, 2012 at 3:55 pm |
  11. Arthur in the Garden!

    I guess they are all good virgin christian girls?

    October 19, 2012 at 2:36 pm |
    • Al

      If they really want to show that they support Christian values then shouldn't they be wearing long dresses and long sleeves.

      October 19, 2012 at 2:41 pm |
    • Missy

      They're not Catholic, but they may be amongst those who like to take "Teen Chast.ity Vows" with their dads, which I find rather creepy! 😉

      October 19, 2012 at 3:29 pm |
  12. The Truth

    So if these cheerleaders had put "God's curse be upon the infidels!" (Koran 2:89) do you think the court would have given them the injunction?

    October 19, 2012 at 2:23 pm |
    • Damocles

      Depends on if the curse is directed at the opposing team or people in general. Anything can be forgiven if it results in a check in the win column.

      October 19, 2012 at 2:26 pm |
  13. MCR

    Seriously, what the heck is wrong with Texas?

    October 19, 2012 at 2:04 pm |
    • Jt

      You got a couple of hours?

      October 19, 2012 at 2:24 pm |
  14. nut frow

    Hairy pete

    October 19, 2012 at 1:48 pm |
  15. ssu

    Sucked me

    October 19, 2012 at 1:44 pm |
  16. ytwh


    October 19, 2012 at 1:43 pm |
  17. Tom, Tom, the Other One

    Perhaps it's OK with a disclaimer that must be at least 50% of the size of the banner:

    God may not exist and refers only to a concept we the undersigned believe we have in common. Our beliefs may not be held by anyone other than ourselves.

    October 19, 2012 at 1:36 pm |
    • Damocles

      Psht that'll never work, makes too much sense and deprives too many people of their right to complain about stuff.

      October 19, 2012 at 1:46 pm |
    • Primewonk

      The Primewonk Bible contains this disclosure statement –

      ADVISORY: There is an Extremely Small but Nonzero Chance That, Through a Process Know as "Tunneling," This Post May Spontaneously Disappear from Its Present Location and Reappear at Any Random Place in the Universe, Including Your Neighbor's Domicile. God Will Not Be Responsible for Any Damages or Inconvenience That May Result.

      PUBLIC NOTICE AS REQUIRED BY LAW: Any Use of This Post, in Any Manner Whatsoever, Will Increase the Amount of Disorder in the Universe. Although No Liability Is Implied Herein, the Believer Is Warned That This Process Will Ultimately Lead to the Heat Death of the Universe.

      You guys think it might be a bit much for these cretins?

      October 19, 2012 at 2:21 pm |
  18. brah brah

    George Bush also likes littleboys

    October 19, 2012 at 1:31 pm |
  19. The Looming Doomy Armageddon of Clown Dentist Satan ! ! !

    Anyone who thinks that cheerleaders are stupid should remember that George W. Bush was head cheerleader at his high school.

    Okay, maybe that wasn't the best example . . .

    October 19, 2012 at 1:22 pm |
  20. Otto Blotto

    I wonder if the Taliban has cheerleaders too.

    October 19, 2012 at 1:12 pm |
    • EatRunDive

      Oddly enough, the Taliban would consider it an abomination for athletes to tear up a line of scripture by running through it.

      October 19, 2012 at 1:36 pm |
    • Mike D

      They have sparkle burqas.

      October 19, 2012 at 2:35 pm |
    • Damocles


      Holy crap now I have that image running through my mind.

      October 19, 2012 at 2:56 pm |
    • Mike D

      Once you see the sparkle burqa it can never be unseen.

      October 19, 2012 at 3:43 pm |
    • Primewonk

      I hear they do a hell of a routine covering KC and the Sunshine Band's classic "Shake your Burqa"

      October 19, 2012 at 4:10 pm |
    • Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son

      ahahhhaha..."sparkle burqas." Youse guys are funny.

      October 19, 2012 at 4:23 pm |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.