February 26th, 2013
01:30 PM ET

The pope in retirement: What to expect

By Eric Marrapodi, CNN Belief Blog Editor
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(CNN) - Don't expect a lot of shuffleboard games for the soon-to-be former Bishop of Rome, Successor of St. Peter, Head of the College of Bishops, Vicar of Christ and Pastor of the Universal Church: Pope Benedict XVI.

On Thursday, at 8 p.m. in Rome, Benedict will become the first retired pontiff in 600 years. And with no modern guides, everything he does will be pioneering for a 21st century papal retiree.

The leader of 1.2 billion Catholics around the globe will leave his seat at the ornate Apostolic Palace and retire to a former gardener's house at the Vatican to lead a life of prayer, likely removed entirely from public life.

The Vatican said Tuesday he will keep the name Benedict XVI and still be addressed as "his holiness." He will also be known as pope emeritus, emeritus pope or Roman pontifex emeritus.

He will forego his ornate papal wardrobe and elbow-length cape, called a mozzetta, for a simple white cassock. He also will retire his famous red shoes in favor of a brown pair picked up on his trip to Mexico last year.

The 85-year-old will first leave Rome to go to the papal retreat Castle Gandolfo until a successor is named. Then he will head to the Mater Ecclesiae (Mother of the Church) building, which formerly housed a cloistered convent in the Vatican gardens.

While "convent" or "monastery," as officials have been calling it, may be the right name for the former home of a group of cloistered nuns tasked with prayer for the pope, the space does not have the long stone-arched hallways and massive common areas evoked by such terms.

The pope's new home

"It used to be the gardener's house," Sister Ancilla Armijo said. "It's just a small house. What they added was just a library for the sisters and a new chapel."

Armijo is a nun in the Benedictine Order at the Abbey of St. Walburga in Colorado, not far from the Wyoming border. From October 7, 2004, to October 7, 2009, she and six other Benedictine sisters from around the world lived in Mater Ecclesiae praying for the pope - first for an ailing Pope John Paul II and then all the way through to the election and papacy of Pope Benedict XVI.

Armijo joined the order in 1972 at age 16. She said joining a cloistered group of international nuns on the Vatican grounds was unique.

While the house has a sense of being removed from the Vatican, she said it provides views of the papal apartment, the Sistine Chapel and St. Peter's Basilica.

"We felt connected to the Vatican itself," she said, although "it's not like there's any access to the Vatican itself, the main buildings or anything like that."

The Mater Ecclesiae is "very small" and "very hot," she said. "There's no trees shading it. I think it'll work for him if they have air conditioning for him. They'll have to remodel the kitchen and things like that because it was so simple."

While she lived there, bars adorned the windows and separated the nuns from their visitors in the meeting room, in keeping with a cloistered, set-apart lifestyle.

When Benedict arrives, he can stroll the private courtyard and take in the perfumed aroma from the 15 or so John Paul II rose bushes, a white-petaled flower cultivated in honor of his predecessor. Armijo said a group donated the rose bushes to the Vatican in honor of the late pontiff. Benedict gave them to the sisters to grow. Every two weeks they sent a bouquet up to the papal residence.

In the gardens, Armijo said, Benedict can also find lemon and orange trees in addition to a small vegetable garden used by the house for meals.

The monastery, when Armijo lived there, had a few bedrooms, a kitchen, a living area, a library and a chapel. The walls were plain and whitewashed. It does not bear the artistic treasures other parts of the Vatican hold, like Michelangelo's masterworks the Pieta sculpture in St. Peter's, the Sistine Chapel ceiling, or the massive Last Judgment painting above the altar in the Sistine Chapel.

"The only real piece of art is in the chapel. It has a beautiful bronzed life-sized crucifix," Armijo said.

A life of prayer

In the chapel, the pope might say Mass every day for his small household, said Monsignor Rick Hilgartner, executive director of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops' Secretariat of Divine Worship.

Benedict has said he will devote his life to prayer. There is no playbook for the life of prayer for a retired pope, Hilgartner said. "Nothing beyond the normal routine” for a monk or a priest.

He said that would include "prayer throughout the day and the liturgy of the hours, morning prayer, evening prayer, Mass every day."

Benedict is likely to keep a small staff at the house to tend to his needs. "He has some German sisters" - nuns - "who cared for him in his domestic needs at the Apostolic Palace and they're apparently moving with him to this monastery. So he'll provide for their spiritual needs, saying Mass every day," Hilgartner said.

There may be a stipend for the retired pope. Italian news outlets have reported retired clerics receive up to €2,500 a month. Hilgartner said Benedict won't need much if any money. The Vatican will take care of his lodging and his health care.

"He didn't have a pension because the presumption was he would be in office until he died," Hilgartner said. "His needs will be cared for. Because of the way he'll be living, those needs will be somewhat limited."

Back to the books

Benedict, a theologian by training, is likely to switch from universal pastor back to scholar.

"My sense is that he will lay low out of deference to the new pope, that he will stay out of the way and under the radar," Hilgartner said. He expects Benedict to behave mostly like a retired scholar, doing lots of reading and maybe a little writing.

Benedict was rumored to be working on his fourth encyclical before he announced he would resign, Hilgartner said. Encyclicals are papal letters to the church, often on pressing matters that carry the weight of the office the pope with them.

"He had written the encyclical on hope, the encyclical on love, and another one on social justice and charity," Hilgartner said, adding that the rumored fourth may be on faith. As a retired pope, Benedict's final encyclical would not carry the weight of the office.

That is something Benedict had not imposed on his previous scholarly works while in office.

"He was careful not to bless his own writings with the papacy," said Pia de Solenni, a moral theologian from Seattle.

When he published books as the pope, his byline was "Joseph Ratzinger - Pope Benedict XVI," de Solenni noted.

"I think he was willing to engage with others." She said his books are "a sharing of ideas, and he's putting his ideas out on paper. To me it's an incredible mark of his humility."

One thing is fairly certain: He won't be tweeting any longer. The Vatican said his official Twitter handle @pontifex will be retired along with Benedict.

Life beyond the walls of the Vatican

Benedict said he no longer had the strength to go on. After he announced his retirement, the Vatican said he had begun thinking about leaving the office after a strenuous papal visit barnstorming across Mexico and Cuba.

When he leaves the office he will give up his Fisherman's Ring, which takes its name from St. Peter's occupation. It will be destroyed along with "the lead seal of the pontificate," Vatican spokesman Federico Lombardi said.

He will also be giving up his personal security detail, the 100 to 120 members of the Swiss Guard who are responsible for round-the-clock protection of the pope.

"He received security like any other head of state," former Swiss guard member Andreas Widmer said.

While best known for their Renaissance-era dress uniforms - brightly striped, puffy-sleeved shirts and pants - along with their ceremonial battle axes, they are a formidable modern security detail, according to Widmer, who now runs the entrepreneurship program at the School of Business and Economics at the Catholic University of America.

Widmer had a kinship with Benedict in the late 1980s while he was a young German-speaking member of the guard and Benedict, whose native tongue is German, was a top cardinal serving John Paul II.

He described Benedict as an "unbelievable introvert." He said Benedict was always friendly with people at the Vatican one on one, even beggars on the streets, but large crowds sapped his energy.

The task of protecting two popes would have meant doubling the Swiss Guard force, a group unaffiliated with other Swiss security forces, as the guard predates the Swiss state.

But Widmer suspects that would not have been an issue anyway. His hunch is that Benedict will retire and remain cloistered.

"My guess is Benedict is not going to leave the Vatican," Widmer said. "It's not like he's going to make these huge moves. My guess is anything he's going to write and say will only come out after he dies."

A turbulent time

Before he became pope at age 78, Benedict had talked at length about retiring.

Speculation has swirled over what finally pushed him to step aside - Vatileaks, the sexual abuse crisis, or the growing tide of secularism.

The "Vatileaks" scandal began with his butler leaking documents showing disarray and mismanagement and led to an internal review that was reported to contain details of gay sex scandals - reports which the Vatican calls baseless - and money woes. Three cardinals reported their findings to the pontiff this week.

The Vatican spokesman said the matter was concluded and the pope would reveal the contents of the report only to his successor.

The sexual abuse scandal continues to haunt the church as reforms have slowly taken hold across the American church and other cases have surfaced around the globe.

While the vast majority of the abuse cases happened in the 1960s, '70s, and '80s, the recent revelation of more cases and the failings of the church in dealing with many of them have left fresh scars that have been slow to heal, victims' advocates say.

Cases are still in the process of being litigated. Two top American cardinals gave depositions shortly before they were to leave for Rome for the pope's farewell.

Benedict was unable to stop the tide of growing secularism in Europe and the United States, though he often railed against it.

All of this likely took its toll on the 85-year-old, who walks with a cane, has a pacemaker, and has looked increasingly frailer in recent months.

In retirement, he will have none of those global problems to sort out anymore. Those responsibilities will fall to the next pope.

Instead, Benedict has said his task will be prayer and reflection.

Sister Armijo said she cried when she found out the pope was resigning. But now that she has had time to process the idea, she said her feelings have shifted from sadness to gratitude.

"He's a person of great courage to do something like this. To dedicate his life to prayer. I think it will help people to see there's a value to dedicating your life to prayer," she said.

"Prayer is something worth dedicating your life to."

- CNN Belief Blog Co-Editor

Filed under: Catholic Church • Pope • Pope Benedict XVI • Pope John Paul II • Vatican

soundoff (401 Responses)
  1. Daniel

    Racial bashing, gay bashing, ethnic bashing, Muslim and Jew bashing are all things thankfully becomming taboo by the majority of modern society. However Christian bashing and discrimination – ESPECIALLY Catholic bashing in modern society is regrettably as alive and well as a bigotted southern plantation slave owner in the 1840s. Might I add a virulent and incredibly hateful form of Catholic bashing, how sad.

    February 27, 2013 at 12:30 am |
    • GrowUp

      That's because the Vatican is The bastion of bashing. What a pathetic group of hypocrites.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:48 am |
    • CrossCountry


      I think people are disgusted by the abuse, cover up's and lies propagated by the Catholic Church. I know some wonderful Catholic people.....but there is a bigger ugly system that is the Catholic Church.

      February 27, 2013 at 1:14 am |
  2. Vera Waitress

    The Catholic Church is no match for the Internet, and no match for Truth.

    February 27, 2013 at 12:28 am |
  3. BlackDynamiteNYC

    I thought they just hit the online kiddie forums, striking up conversations.....

    February 27, 2013 at 12:24 am |
  4. GO_GOP

    The great man retires. His place in heaven is assured. That will be even more cemented through his life in prayer after that. A great man who was maligned by the left, communist media.

    February 27, 2013 at 12:16 am |
  5. Albino Luciani

    The Catholic Church is the True church of Christ. Protestantism is a HERESY!!!!!

    February 27, 2013 at 12:15 am |
    • twalk

      hmmmm...u think so.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:22 am |
    • Won

      The pope is the little horn boasting all things above God; read the book of Daniel, and do not be deceived.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:27 am |
    • TJ

      Get behind thee satan!

      February 27, 2013 at 12:31 am |
    • what a moron

      a church that embraces Celibacy, but says molesting children is OK .... Bound to be better than those crazy Protestants...
      Martin Luther was a very smart man....

      February 27, 2013 at 12:35 am |
    • AgrippaMT

      Albino is truly sick. Perhaps he will die day after tomorrow when the Hitler Youth pope is gone. One can guess that Albino was a brownshirt Italian during Mussolini's reign in Italy.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:39 am |
    • Won

      Click on picture #9, I just saw Steven Seagal guarding right next to Pope.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:41 am |
  6. boyoboy

    He's obviously going to hide as many pedophiles under his skirt as possible, and it looks like he can hide quite a few.

    February 27, 2013 at 12:12 am |
  7. lmillerj

    Some of you people are awful, making comments about things you know nothing about...

    February 27, 2013 at 12:07 am |
  8. Johnmeister

    Well he might get a guest slot on dancing with the stars!!

    February 26, 2013 at 11:53 pm |
  9. Leftcoastrocky

    Can he marry now?

    February 26, 2013 at 11:46 pm |
    • AgrippaMT

      He's never had to marry. He's had his access to all those altar boys and nuns for decades. The truth is about to emerge.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:42 am |
  10. Journey

    I can't understand why this whole resignation thing is news...there are 6,000,000,000 other people in the world making work/life decisions at any given moment.

    February 26, 2013 at 11:36 pm |
  11. Jo

    Hope he stays in the Vatican, else he could be arrested!!!!!

    February 26, 2013 at 11:28 pm |
    • Humberto

      You Jo's having fun?

      February 26, 2013 at 11:45 pm |
  12. edweird69

    I didn't know Ronald McDonald was the pope!

    February 26, 2013 at 11:23 pm |
    • Humberto

      We understand you and others on here are the true following of Elagabalus.

      February 26, 2013 at 11:30 pm |
  13. insightinsite@gmail.com

    The Catholic Church is rotten from the root. A sincere catholic must think seriously about everything happening right now. The current Pope and John Paul II were part of the child abuse cover-up. These so called Popes are not saints. They have nothing to do with Christ.

    February 26, 2013 at 11:21 pm |
    • Alfredo

      Read James Carroll's "Constantine's Sword."

      February 26, 2013 at 11:49 pm |
    • Humberto

      Channel your universe up your poophole

      February 26, 2013 at 11:49 pm |
  14. allenwoll

    Help Wanted : Male model in fine dress shop.

    February 26, 2013 at 11:13 pm |
  15. TopCat

    blind faith must trample underfoot, all reason, sense and understanding. – Martin Luther

    February 26, 2013 at 11:09 pm |
    • Humberto

      Blind Faith in what ??? Do believe it true ?

      February 26, 2013 at 11:56 pm |
    • Alfredo

      Blind Faith – Weren't they a 70's super group?

      February 27, 2013 at 12:10 am |
    • Humberto

      Blind faith is used as a caution
      By one that knows when teaching the ignorant about such things as fire for example, when the student comprehends feeling heat, they learn without burning themselves.

      February 27, 2013 at 12:21 am |
  16. Michael

    Bet his profile pops up on Manhunt – looking for a "fun time" with a man...

    February 26, 2013 at 11:05 pm |
  17. Jeebus Chreebus

    Nothing scarier than a priest with too much free time on his hands.

    You'd better hide your children.

    February 26, 2013 at 11:00 pm |
  18. Super Catholic

    How about the Pope Mother?

    February 26, 2013 at 10:58 pm |
    • Jesus Christ Son of God

      She's a virgin, just like my mom, Mary.

      February 26, 2013 at 11:02 pm |
  19. twalk

    Wonder if he gets a new dress and apron.

    February 26, 2013 at 10:56 pm |
    • Alfredo

      He will be forced to only buy off the rack clothing.

      February 26, 2013 at 11:47 pm |
    • Sad

      He'll be sad to have to return that fur-trimmed red velvet Santa suit ^^^

      February 27, 2013 at 12:01 am |
  20. Moby Schtick

    Vik100 is an evil catholic evil christian worshiping an evil man (pope) above his evil god.
    let's poke it with a stick

    February 26, 2013 at 10:54 pm |
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About this blog

The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.