July 29th, 2013
06:22 PM ET

How Pope Francis is revolutionizing the church

Opinion by the Rev. James Martin, special to CNN

(CNN) - At times last week, I was dumbstruck and even in tears as I followed the coverage of Pope Francis' visit to Brazil for World Youth Day.

Few things have filled me with more hope about my church than the pope's past few days. For what Francis did in Rio de Janeiro, and continues to do, represents some very positive change.

Monday’s surprising interview aboard his plane back to Rome, during which, in response to a question about gays and gay priests, he said, in part, “Who am I to judge?” likewise shows an openness that borders on revolutionary.

At the same time, Francis called for greater mercy for divorced and remarried Catholics, and asked for a "deeper theology" of women in the church.

This does not mean that I’m downplaying or denigrating Popes John Paul II or Benedict XVI. By no means.

READ MORE: Pope Francis on gays: `Who am I to judge?'

For one thing, there wouldn’t be a World Youth Day (not to mention a free Western Europe) without the efforts of John Paul.

For another, even setting aside his many other contributions, were it not for the humility of Benedict, whose resignation made way for a successor, there would not be a new pope.

Praise of Francis does not imply critique of his predecessors. Each pope brings his own gifts to the office.

But make no mistake: Francis is doing is something new. And he has the potential to change the church, and in the process the world.

Let’s look at five “moments” of his time in Rio—and on his flight back to Rome.

The poor

Other popes have visited the poor. In fact, John Paul II visited a favela in Rio in 1980. Other popes have spoken about the poor and economic injustice.

The Catholic Church’s social justice tradition reaches back to the 19th century Pope Leo XIII, and, frankly, all the way back to Jesus.

But I don’t think I’ve ever seen a pope embrace the poor—literally and figuratively—the way Pope Francis did during his visit to the Varginha favela. Perhaps he felt at home among the Latin America poor. During his time as Archbishop of Buenos Aires, he spent a great deal of time in the slums.

READ MORE: 'Slum pope' visits Brazil's poor

But there was more. His moving address in the favela was, outside the Gospels, the most succinct summary of social justice I’ve ever heard.

Again, all popes since Leo XIII have spoken on the theme, but few with such passion.

It was a ringing declaration of the church’s absolute commitment to the poor: “To all people of good will who are working for social justice: never tire of working for a more just world, marked by greater solidarity! No one can remain insensitive to the inequalities that persist in the world!"

The joy

Francis smiled nearly all the time during his stay in Rio. Does that sound insignificant? It is not.

Joy is one of the surest signs of God’s presence, and it draws others to God. It is a powerful, but often overlooked, tool for evangelization.

Everyone seems to feel comfortable with Pope Francis, which may explain the hugs.

That’s one gentle distinction I might make between Francis and his predecessors. I greatly admired both John Paul II and Benedict, but I don’t think I would have felt so comfortable hugging them.

That’s not been the reaction of most people toward the Jesuit pope, who seems to evoke physical affection from everyone from children to the elderly. Even from bishops, priests and nuns.

A Jesuit friend met Pope Francis a few weeks ago in Rome, and told me that he instinctively hugged the Supreme Pontiff. “I couldn’t help myself!”

In the Gospels, Jesus’ disciples “rebuked” people for bringing their children to him for an embrace. But Jesus rebukes them for being cold-hearted.

In a church where clerics are sometimes seen as coldly aloof, joy is a tonic—and a recipe for change.

The critique

The bluntness of Francis’ comments about the state of the priesthood, specifically about "clericalism," shocked me.

Loosely defined, clericalism is the attitude that priests are better than everyone else. And this is not an obscure intra-church issue.

Clericalism is one of the main reasons for the sexual abuse crisis: for if priests consider themselves better than everyone, then they will also believe they are inherently more trustworthy.

Why, went the tragic thinking, should a bishop listen to victims if “Father” tells me nothing happened? Francis labeled clericalism a “sinful complicity.”

In combating clericalism, rightfully in my mind, Francis offers the possibility of reorienting the church.

The mess

Francis clearly doesn’t mind stirring things up.

In an unscripted remark in Rio, delivered in his native Spanish, he said, “What is it that I expect as a consequence of World Youth Day? I want a mess. We knew that in Rio there would be great disorder, but I want trouble in the dioceses!"

In case anyone missed the point, he said, "I want to see the church get closer to the people. I want to get rid of clericalism, the mundane, this closing ourselves off within ourselves, in our parishes, schools or structures. Because these need to get out!"

The official Vatican translation of the Spanish word he used, "lio," was “noise.” Spanish-speakers, however, told me that “mess” or “trouble making” may be closer to the mark.

The Catholic Church needs some shaking up, everywhere. Many of us Catholics have gotten too used to the idea that people should simply come to us because we have all the answers.

All of us need shaking up. Jesus understood this. Much of his ministry was about shaking things up–comforting the afflicted and afflicting the comfortable.

The pope did some comforting even on the plane ride back to Rome as well.

When asked in a free-wheeling news conference (in the middle of some turbulence) about the presence of gay priests in the church, he responded, “If someone is gay and he searches for the Lord and has good will, who am I to judge?”

And more: “They shouldn’t be marginalized. ...They’re our brothers.”

This is an act of mercy and compassion toward not only gay priests but gays in general, probably the first positive mention from a pope on the topic.

The pope likewise called for greater mercy and compassion for divorced and remarried Catholics, who have long felt marginalized in the church, and asked for a "deeper theology" of women in the church.

These comments betoken a remarkable shift in tone in the church. More importantly, they are a revelation of Jesus’ mercy to those on the margins.

Francis is not afraid to make a “mess,” especially if the “mess” comes from mercy.

The fun

There’s a word you don’t see in many papal encyclicals: fun.

But Jesus had fun. (What is traditionally considered his first miracle was at a wedding party, after all.)

And the Pope looked like he was having a blast at World Youth Day. It didn’t bother him when his car took a wrong turn onto a busy Rio street. You could see him thinking: Who cares? This is fun! I get to kiss another baby!

Francis flummoxed some of his Vatican advisers by adding several major events to his calendar, tuckering them out.

Midway through the week, the papal spokesperson the Rev. Federico Lombardi, SJ, said “I'm happy we're halfway through, because if it were any longer I'd be destroyed.”

Make no mistake: words and gestures mean something. In the Christian worldview, Jesus’ prophetic preaching and his miracles—healing the sick, raising the dead, stilling storms—did not just point to something coming, they inaugurated a new era.

Of course the Pope is not Jesus—he’d be the first to tell you that, probably with a huge laugh!

But with Francis, God is doing, to quote the Prophet Isaiah, “something new.”

James Martin, SJ, is a Jesuit priest, editor at large at America, and author of "The Jesuit Guide to (Almost) Everything" and "Between Heaven and Mirth."  The views expressed in this column belong to Martin. 

- CNN Belief Blog

Filed under: Catholic Church • Church • Opinion • Pope Francis

soundoff (85 Responses)
  1. Penny Vonbank

    No, you can't.This tutorial is basically a wordpress theme for todo lists. What are you looking for and why not wordpress?


    December 21, 2013 at 10:34 pm |
  2. sandranwadi

    Reblogged this on sandranwadi.

    September 22, 2013 at 6:39 pm |
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    September 12, 2013 at 1:12 pm |
  4. 24kgram

    We all need a little Hope Thanks Revern

    August 28, 2013 at 7:50 am |
  5. mzh

    And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?'" He will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen. 5:116

    I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. 5:117

    If You should punish them – indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them – indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. 5:118

    August 7, 2013 at 4:26 pm |
  6. Leigh Anne

    Interesting that the Pope has so much tolerance for the males in his priesthood who are gay, but so LITTLE tolerance for the women in religious orders who just want to serve in the way they feel called. Interesting.

    August 7, 2013 at 2:21 pm |
    • mzh

      dont you know that genesis blames woman for Adam's eating the fruit and coming to this earth and many more?

      which by the way totally different in the quran... and i would like u to discover it...

      August 7, 2013 at 4:12 pm |
  7. IDDE

    Have they fully cooperated with secular authorities to police the child molesters in their ranks?

    Hm? What? No? Tsk.

    August 7, 2013 at 7:35 am |
    • Leigh Anne

      I agree, this revolution has little substance and is mostly PR. Deal with the pedophiles and start treating women as equals.

      August 7, 2013 at 2:24 pm |
  8. mariramona

    I feel in these times of crisis, of confusions, of global climatic changes – the pope is setting the right precedence for us to follow. Jesus was always against monetary inequality, and this is the first pope who seems to have understood that. I have written a book called – Shall we save the Earth? on similar lines..

    August 1, 2013 at 10:19 pm |
    • VoiceOver

      You mean the pope has announced the church will liquidate all its wealth, which according to estimates is greater than that of the top 5 corporations of the US combined, and use it to alleviate world poverty?
      Thought not.

      August 2, 2013 at 1:30 am |
  9. ppony

    LOVED the article and I share the reverend's hope and joy! THANKS for writing it Reverend!

    August 1, 2013 at 6:13 am |
  10. Daniel

    It has been a long, cold winter for the Catholic Church. Pope Francis gives me hope that spring may be coming.
    He seems to be in touch with the real world and with the real issues that people have. I am somewhat hopeful
    for the future.

    July 30, 2013 at 7:16 pm |
  11. Peter Hardy

    The article should read "free Eastern Europe" not "free Western Europe".

    July 30, 2013 at 5:44 pm |
  12. Patrick

    The headlines should read: "Surprise! Pope is actually catholic!". Or maybe Anderson Cooper should announce, "We have breaking news. The pope just affirmed the catholic catechism".

    To the outside world and even to some Catholics (like the priest writing this article), pope Francis appears to be changing the church. He's not. He's only highlighting long-standing teachings of the faith that he knows the press will scoop up and spread around he world, like the fact that Catholics are taught not to judge.

    By the way, judging and teaching are not the same thing. If your best friend is having an affair, you will probably try to remind him of his marriage vows and the damage is actions could cause his family and other relationships. This is not judgement, it is teaching, guiding, and speaking the truth out of love.

    Francis spent the entire wekk in Brazil telling us to teach the gospel throughout the world. It is this form of love – not judgement – we must apply.

    July 30, 2013 at 12:57 pm |
    • Bill Deacon

      Well put.

      July 30, 2013 at 2:27 pm |
    • niknak

      Naw, he was mainly telling them to give more at the collection plate.
      Those lawyer fees are putting a dent in the ol' church coffers.

      July 30, 2013 at 2:37 pm |
    • lweba

      After reading the history of the Vatican(or Papacy) I think the heading should've been, 'A Christian Pope At last'.

      August 3, 2013 at 12:07 pm |
  13. Gabriel.J Dunatra

    The sacred teaching from direct Jesus on judging that is always a cosmic truth is: " Don't judge if you don't want to be judge". And it is actual that if one still keeps his judgement to other as a view of differentiation on mind perception, one will not live a happy life since he has built his own confinement. If one has ever seen God, Jesus, he would understand "gay" is just another brother to those sacred as how they came to this world, and love compassion will fill his cosmic heart. So Pope Francis has proved to this meeting of him.

    July 30, 2013 at 8:09 am |
    • VoiceOver

      The sacred teaching of Jesus is when posting in a foreign language use spell- and grammar check as to make yourself and give your insane ramblings at least the appearance of coherence.

      August 2, 2013 at 1:34 am |
      • Silvia

        I just loved your comment. I ve been studying English as a second language for more than 6 years, yet I don t dare to comment on other s lpost in English. It s disrespectful and I d sound like an alien. "insane ramblings" ha! I gonna use it in my next essay 😀

        September 12, 2013 at 11:38 am |
  14. Pompey

    Houston, we have a problem

    July 30, 2013 at 7:20 am |
  15. desert voice

    "Nauka musi być powtarzalna". To jest najświętsza maksyma nauki amerykańskiej. Widać, ze Polacy zapomnieli o tym najbardziej podstawowym prawie nauki, nie tylko amerykańskiej, ale światowej. To powiedziawszy, ja też wierzę w te komórki. Ale tu wiara i nauka są w kolizji, a w kolizji być nie mogą. Dlatego radzę polskim uniwersytetom, by odnaleźli to, w co wierzą! Albowiem, chociaż Boga nie można odtworzyć w próbówce, rzeczy materialne, jak komórki, tak!

    July 30, 2013 at 7:14 am |
  16. Kim

    "Many of us Catholics have gotten too used to the idea that people should simply come to us because we have all the answers."

    This doesn't just apply to Catholics. This applies to all Christians - and perhaps, other faiths as well. I say this as a Christian. We are arrogant. When we try to explain our faith to others, we are often very poor at it. There is no good reason to quote the Bible like crazy at a non-Christian. If you don't believe in God and Christ, then all of those quotes are so much nonsense and hot air

    I'd say to prove the value of Christianity to non-Christians, try to act a little more like Jesus did. Try to be a nice, forgiving person. It's actually pretty tough to do! I'd say I'm not great at it. I try, and that's the best I can do.

    Thus far, I have a pretty high opinion of Francis. He doesn't just talk the talk, he walks the walk. However, he is one man and he's definitely going to have to "fight the system" to get some changes through. Good luck!

    As far as the Bible being "mythology' there are definitely _some_ true stories in it - and I have little doubt there are bad translations and modern people have very little context for the way the Bible stories are told. (I am not big into "Biblical infallibility" and it's one of my biggest issues with many denominations.) People a few thousand years ago were not into exacting accuracy, they were in for the feel of the story. (The Romans were big exceptions and they still had fun embellishing too. We inherited the Roman ideals for writing down history and went amok with them.) These were written down a long time ago for people in a different culture and a different time. There is solid, good philosophy in there, but you have to keep in mind the context.

    For those who find some of the Bible is off-putting (especially the more miraculous or "fantastic" elements), I highly recommend Jefferson's pared-down version ("The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth") that focuses specifically on what Jesus said and his philosophy.

    July 30, 2013 at 6:55 am |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.