November 26th, 2013
08:49 PM ET

Giving thanks for the miracle of survival

By Moni Basu, CNN
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(CNN) - Leon Gersten could not bear to watch “Schindler’s List,” the movie about Czech industrialist Oskar Schindler who saved 1,200 Jews from Nazi extermination camps. It was too painful for the Holocaust survivor, too close to reality.

But now, almost 70 years after his village in Poland was liberated by the Soviet army, Gersten is meeting the man who is the Oskar Schindler of his own life: Czeslaw Polziec.

Like Schindler, Polziec is Catholic. His family secretly sheltered Gersten in rural Poland for two years during World War II.

As though such a reunion between survivor and rescuer were not emotional enough, this one is taking place Wednesday on the eve of Hanukkah, which coincides this year with Thanksgiving. Two celebrations of gratitude.

Gersten, 79, had tried to imagine how he might feel when he would finally meet his Polish friend at John F. Kennedy International Airport. He said only this: “I think it will be a physical reaction.”

And it was. The two men embraced. Then, they embraced again.

"Hi, hi, hi," Polziec said, his English limited to just a few words.

But words seemed useless now anyway. For Gersten, none seemed adequate for a man who saved his life. A man who had, through his actions, given him precious assurance there was goodness left in a world that seemed purely evil.

“I am alive because of them,” Gersten said of Polziec and his family. “They are heroes.”

Gersten had waited for this day when he could express his gratitude in person. When he could show Polziec his children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. They were the greatest proof of the enormity of the Polziec family's actions.

As a boy, Leon Gersten hid for two years with his mother and other family members in the attic of a barn.

On Thanksgiving, the two men will sit down for a formal dinner and on Sunday, several generations of Gersten’s family, including a granddaughter traveling from Israel, will share a meal with Polziec at a New York restaurant.

“How wonderful to be able to see him,” Gersten said earlier this week, each word laced with the kind of anticipation a soldier coming home after battle feels. “How wonderful to be reunited, share memories.”

With Polziec by his side, Gersten’s Hanukkah promises to be special. He plans to perform an act he was never able to do when he was in hiding on Polziec’s family farm, one that will celebrate the miracle of his survival.

Life in the attic

The shared memories will take Gersten back to Frystak, Poland. To July 1942.

Gersten’s mother, Frieda Tepper Gersten, worked as a peddler and traveled throughout southern Poland, selling fabric and other items. She and Leon moved from the town of Rzeszow to Frystak to live with her parents shortly after Germany invaded Poland in September 1939. Gersten’s father, Yonasan, was unable to get work in Frystak and stayed in Rzeszow with Gersten’s sister and three brothers.

Gersten never saw his father or siblings again. He has no photos except one of his sister. He knows they all perished but everything else is blank. Where? When? How?

Then one July day, the Germans ordered the Jews of Frystak to assemble in the marketplace. They rounded up 1,600 people, mostly children and the elderly, marched them outside town, slaughtered them and tossed their bodies like garbage into a mass grave.

Among the dead were Gersten’s grandparents.

His mother knew she and her son would die, too, unless she escaped the Jewish ghetto. She disguised herself as a Catholic, a cross around her neck. With her boy, she walked into the countryside and knocked on the doors of her customers to ask for shelter for herself and her son - as well as her sister and brother-in-law and their son.

Many turned her away. It was risky to come to the aid of Jews. It could prove fatal.

But the Polziecs were different.

Now almost 70 years later, Gersten has been reunited with one of his rescuers.

Maria and Stanislaw Polziec lived on a farm in nearby Zawadka with their four daughters and son, Czeslaw. They had barely the means to feed their own family, let alone buy food for five strangers.

But they took in the desperate Jews and created a living space for them in a dark attic above their barn. Czeslaw Polziec brought them food and stood guard when other people came to the farm.

Gersten remembers receiving one big loaf of bread a week. It was divided into five – the two boys got first pick. And there were potatoes. Gersten offered his uncle an extra potato for every two hours he entertained the boys with stories.

“Food was very tight,” Gersten said. “But we weren’t starving.”

The space was adequate, too. The main problem was inactivity. There was nothing to do. Gersten watched spiders catch flies. Or plucked lice from his cousin’s head. That’s how he passed time.

Gersten was only 8 then; Polziec, 10. Their interaction was limited.

Stanislaw and Maria Polziec hid Leon Gersten and his family from the Nazis in rural Poland.

Sometimes, in the early morning, Gersten climbed down the ladder to help Polziec in the stable. There were two cows, a horse and pig.

Other times, Polziec picked mushrooms and brought them up for soup.

On some winter nights, the attic got cold and the Polziecs invited their Jewish guests into their home to spend the evening in warmth.

They built an earthen bunker in the barn to hide Gersten and his family for the times when Germans raided the farm. It measured 4 feet by 3 feet and was just big enough to hold five people. It resembled a grave, really. The Polziecs slid a big, wooden grain storage bin over the opening to deflect suspicion.

One night, Nazi collaborators raided the farm and heard the footsteps of Gersten’s family scurrying into the bunker. They questioned Stanislaw Polziec, who blamed the noise on children in the attic. The collaborators beat Stanislaw, bloodied him without mercy. Gersten could hear the Polziec family’s screams. Still, the Polziecs did not betray the Jews.

Gersten said he remains impressed the Polziecs never showed any resentment toward their Jewish guests for the enormous danger they had brought them.

Gersten remained in the Polziec’s attic for two years, until the day in 1944 when Soviet soldiers liberated the area. Gersten and his mother eventually moved to America.

'Should we have let them die?'

For many years after, Gersten had dreams of being shot by the Nazis. He liked sleeping when it rained. All those months in hiding, he’d felt secure on stormy nights, knowing the Nazis would not go out to look for Jews then.

He grappled with his own survival as he made a new life for himself in New York.

“My mother was very religious,” he said. “She had a more positive outlook about surviving, although we could never answer why God would want us to survive over others.”

Gersten and his mother kept up with the Polziecs after the war. They sent a few dollars and care packages with clothes back to Poland.

Gersten earned a doctorate in educational psychology from Columbia University and started his own practice. He stopped speaking Polish – his mother tongue was Yiddish - and forgot it with time. He never yearned to return to the town where he lived as a boy. His house and the life he once knew were gone. So were most of his loved ones.

“I have ambivalent feelings about going back there,” he said.

Over the years, he lost contact with the Polziecs. But after his mother died, Gersten wrote to the Jewish Historical Society in Poland about what the Polziecs had done. About two years ago, he decided to submit the family’s name to Yad Vashem, Israel’s official memorial to victims of the Holocaust. The memorial also recognizes non-Jews who helped Jews survive. Schindler’s name is in that database, as are the Polziecs'.

In America, The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous helped Gersten find Czeslaw Polziec in Poland. His parents had passed away years before.

The New York-based foundation supports non-Jews who refused to remain passive during the Holocaust. About 650 rescuers in Europe receive funding for food and essential goods like heating fuel.

The foundation is sponsoring Polziec’s visit to New York, including a dinner honoring him and his family.

Stanlee Stahl, the executive director of the foundation, visited Polziec in Poland. It was not possible for CNN to speak with him before the reunion - he was preparing to make the long journey across the Atlantic.

But Stahl described him as someone who has the handsomely rugged looks of a retired Marine. He served in the Polish army and then worked in security for many years.

Polziec doesn’t think of himself or his family as heroes, he told the foundation. They were God-fearing people, ordinary people, who simply did what they deemed the right thing to do in a desperate situation.

Gersten's entire family will share a meal with Czeslaw Polziec in New York.

Should we have let them die? he asked in a statement to the foundation.

“The question alone does not bear thinking about,” he said. “They had every right to live. Nobody who has not lived through those desolate days will ever really understand what my parents did, and I am sure, were they still with us, they would be surprised that an honor has been bestowed upon them.”

Stahl said the foundation has helped arrange 18 reunions between survivors and rescuers. But this year, because Hanukkah coincides with Thanksgiving, Gersten’s reunion with Polziec is truly special.

“We owe a great deal of gratitude to these righteous gentiles,” Stahl said. “They saved the honor of humanity.”

Gersten, meanwhile, said he remains amazed by the loyalty of the Polziecs, especially Czeslaw and his sisters, who were so young then. They went to school and church and interacted with so many people. Yet they never uttered a word.

That’s something Gersten plans to point out when he sits down for Thanksgiving dinner with Polziec. He will be grateful that for two years, his Polish friend kept a secret.

But before that, on Wednesday night, Gersten is looking forward to lighting a Hanukkah menorah, which commemorates the rededication of the ancient temple and the miracle of one day’s worth of oil lasting eight.

Gersten was never able to light a menorah when he was hiding in Polziec’s home. The light would have given away the family’s presence, put an end to their survival. Now with Polziec finally by his side again, Gersten’s menorah will symbolize his own family’s miracle.

Leon Gersten (at the far left end of the third row back) with other schoolchildren in a displaced persons camp in Germany after the war.

- Moni Basu

Filed under: Catholic Church • Hanukkah • Holocaust • Israel • Judaism • New York • Poland • Thanksgiving

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soundoff (1,346 Responses)
  1. ally buster

    These people are superheros!

    November 27, 2013 at 7:32 pm |
  2. Robert Brown

    Happy Thanksgiving

    Robert Brown
    1 Chronicles 16:34
    O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:08 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    Robert Brown
    Luke 22:19
    And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:14 pm | Report abuse | Reply
    Robert Brown
    Hebrews 13:15
    By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:19 pm | Report abuse | Reply

    November 27, 2013 at 7:31 pm |
    • Erin

      That's crazy, Robert. How can you call a being merciful when it threatens to burn you in hell if you don't worship him?

      As for thanks, so do you thank your god also for the disasters that happened?

      November 27, 2013 at 7:35 pm |
      • Tom

        Erin, don't go troubling religious folk with reason or facts. Both are beyond them.

        November 27, 2013 at 7:38 pm |
      • Robert Brown

        He is glorified in mercy and judgment.

        November 27, 2013 at 7:45 pm |
        • Erin

          Robert, that's no answer. Answer the questions directly.

          1. How can you call a being merciful when it threatens to burn you in hell if you don't worship him?

          2. As for thanks, so do you thank your god also for the disasters that happened?

          November 27, 2013 at 8:29 pm |
    • If horses had Gods .. Their Gods would be horses

      Apparently regurgitation is good for the soul .. Have an original and independent thought.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:40 pm |
      • Robert Brown

        Possibly, on rare occasion.

        November 27, 2013 at 7:47 pm |
      • My Dog is a jealous Dog

        and apparently not moved enough by the story to type anything on subject.

        November 27, 2013 at 7:49 pm |
        • Robert Brown

          It is a wonderful moving story. The family showed tremendous courage and love.

          November 27, 2013 at 7:55 pm |
  3. Ted

    This is a great story, and I applaud Mr. Polziec. I'm thankful that there were brave people who stood up to the Nazis and helped save their Jewish neighbors.

    However, I'm not sure why this article lists Oskar Schindler as a "Czech industrialist." Schindler was a Sudeten German, a member of the Sudeten German political party even. Believe it or not, just as there were Poles and Italians and Danes and all kinds of people who helped save Jews, there were Germans too. Sadly, not nearly as many as there should have been, but, nonetheless, there were and are good and bad people everywhere. One of the many lessons of the Holocaust should be that it's wrong to demonize entire groups of people regardless of where they're from, what religion they follow, etc.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:29 pm |
    • Akira

      Wiki says
      Born 28 April 1908
      Zwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (now Svitavy, Czech Republic)

      Don't know if this makes a difference.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:50 pm |
      • Ted

        Yes, he was born in a part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire that is now the Czech Republic, but that doesn't make him Czech. He was an ethnic German who spoke German and was also a German citizen – even a member of the Nazi party – at the time that he saved the lives of 1200 Jews. Calling him Czech or Austro-Hungarian would be as silly as calling King Kamehameha an American simply because he was from Hawaii, which later became part of America.

        November 28, 2013 at 12:44 am |
  4. marcin

    Name of the town is Frysztak, not Frystak.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:28 pm |
    • Robert

      There are a lot of different American spellings for Polish and Russian words. Many of them are accepted as correct. Does this article REALLY need the spelling police? Is THAT what you learned here?

      November 27, 2013 at 9:47 pm |
      • metzitzat b'peh is gross

        Any article which claims the Judeo-Bolshevik Communists "liberated Poland" needs a lot of correction.

        November 27, 2013 at 10:32 pm |
  5. jim

    This is nice and all, but isn't it a shame that every time we have some kind of holiday or big event CNN chooses to hijack the attention with something about Jews. Yes we know you suffered but many other people did too then and now. We can not wish anyone Merry Christmas anymore but I've heard CNN and all other news stations Praise and wish everyone Happy Hanukkah.
    Happy Thanksgiving everyone!! and God Bless the Unites States of America
    I am thankful for our Freedom and I support Our Troops that risk their lives everyday to keep us Safe

    November 27, 2013 at 7:28 pm |
    • Akira

      You are aware Hanukkah begins tomorrow also, right?

      November 27, 2013 at 7:30 pm |
    • marcin


      November 27, 2013 at 7:31 pm |
    • If horses had Gods .. Their Gods would be horses

      No one is stopping you from wishing anyone a merry Christmas .. So stop playing the martyr.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:33 pm |
      • jim

        Its happy holidays now...Happy Hanukkah to you
        We are brainwashed to praise the Jews

        November 27, 2013 at 7:37 pm |
        • If horses had Gods .. Their Gods would be horses

          Merry Christmas to you .. From an atheist. See, that didn't hurt & no one stopped me. I hope you enjoy what ever holiday you celebrate.

          November 27, 2013 at 7:43 pm |
        • Akira

          I an not sure what your beef with Jewish people is, Jim, but absolutely nothing is stopping you from wishing anyone a Merry Christmas; least of all the Jews.

          Merry Christmas, Jim. May you find some joy within.

          November 27, 2013 at 7:54 pm |
        • Name*barry

          If you had the intellect to go back to the 1600 s when the kj bible was translated into the English of that era you would find that people greeted others at this time of year , have a happy holy day. When the Americanism of words came into being the y in a lot of old english words was dropped and an I replaced the y. Also a lot of words were combined including holy day and became holiday . So when someone greets you with happy holidays they are in fact telling you to have a happy holy day. So if you they are offended by someone wishing you a happy holiday I. E.,happy holy day you are just someone stirring up controversy over nonsense because you didn't have the gumption to at least Google words meanings before you make a further fool of yourself.

          November 27, 2013 at 8:15 pm |
    • Brian

      Always a controversy in every story with some people.

      November 27, 2013 at 8:30 pm |
  6. myrtlemaylee

    I don't have words to express all I feel. God bless them all. There's blazing hope for the world that produces people like this.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:26 pm |
  7. are122

    A really great story. Bless em all.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:22 pm |
  8. Roland

    I find the world pre-1960's almost utterly alien.Sure people focus on the Judeocide in WW2 but that whole global order that existed then was deeply racist,imperialist.It was a time of colonialism.Just a very strange world.People tend to still isolate the Nazi's as "ultimate evil" but back then everyone was evil by todays standards.Humanity has become more civilized.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:19 pm |
    • Tanya

      We are more civilized? Judging by the behaviour I read about and see for myself, I do not believe that.

      November 28, 2013 at 1:53 am |
  9. glauber

    This story put me in a good mood. These reunions still happen once in a while, but soon they won't happen at all anymore, and no one will be left to tell their stories. We should listen as intently as we can to any of them who still has the desire to tell us about it.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:18 pm |
  10. Bobby

    This is great!

    November 27, 2013 at 7:16 pm |
  11. Winston

    In the darkest night, there is always a beacon of light.........and this beacon shines very bright on this first Hanukkah eve.....

    November 27, 2013 at 7:15 pm |
  12. jon

    This is a beautiful story, not many people would do something for others especially risk their lives

    November 27, 2013 at 7:12 pm |
  13. James R. Q.

    Beautiful family. Wonderful.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:11 pm |
  14. janet

    there should be no comments allowed on this one. it is holy ground and there are too many insensitive idiots out there.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:09 pm |
    • Towanda


      November 27, 2013 at 7:37 pm |
  15. Frank Mondana

    I still find it incredible that anyone who made it through the Holocaust kept any kind of faith. If there was ever a good time for god to be a bit proactive and send his kid down here to help, 1930-1945 would have been the time.
    Then there are survivors who thank god they made it. I guess the big guy was taking a dump when all the others who would have liked to survive didn't.
    It doesn't stop there. Millions of Soviet citizens were killed by Stalin. Some estimates say 15 million Russians were killed by that monster.
    Yet some folks will worship a sadistic deity that so many have used as the rationale for genocide. Hell, most Christian dogma says that Satan can only influence people but the big man directs suffering and murder with direct orders.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:06 pm |
    • Josephine

      I agree.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:21 pm |
  16. Farrok

    The whole world is glad the Nazis are gone. The best thing to do is be happy.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:04 pm |
    • Josephine

      I'll say. Add in a happy dance or two.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:22 pm |
    • Nancy

      Unfortunately, there are still evil Nazis out there. Would be nice if we could rid of them, but really it will not likely happen. The world is still full of hate. Still dreaming of the day when everyone is equal.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:31 pm |
    • Sam

      They have returned in spirit in the extreme far right of America and Europe.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:37 pm |
      • metzitzat b'peh is gross

        Apparently the only okay right wing is in Israel and slaughtering Palestinians. Israel for Jews is no different than Germany for Germans. And it was Jews who introduced terrorism in the Middle East. Well correct that, they weren't really Jews they were just Yiddish non-Semitic Europeans who d moved to Israel and then began slaughtering the locals.

        November 27, 2013 at 10:36 pm |
  17. Terri S.

    I love that love prevails. I wish them deep and unending peace along with all the souls of their friends and families. Blessed peace to you.

    November 27, 2013 at 7:00 pm |
    • Josephine

      Great thoughts Terri S. I couldn't have said it better.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:23 pm |
  18. Betty Phillips

    This story warmed my heart and perfect for this time of the year,. God bless this "little boy" for the strength he maintained and for the perfect gentleman that kept him alive (along with the good Lords help) I hope they have a most joyous reunion. I feel that we are in the same troubled times now the young boy lived thru. Our country is being so destroyed by the one leader who took the oath and sworned vow to save. The United states is being lied to, and for certain we are losing our faith in this imposter. Again, best wishes for this joyous holiday season of yours. Betty Phillips

    November 27, 2013 at 6:59 pm |
    • Josephine

      So, why didn't "the good lord" help the other millions who died?

      November 27, 2013 at 7:25 pm |
  19. Leszek

    Russians didn't liberate Poland. Gestapo was replaced by NKVD and until 1989 Poland lost the independence.

    November 27, 2013 at 6:57 pm |
    • ?

      Oh jeez. Get a clue.

      November 27, 2013 at 7:10 pm |
      • Robert

        He's right. Google is your friend. Poland just exchanged one occupation for a different one and fought desperately for her independence in the eighties.

        November 27, 2013 at 9:45 pm |
  20. Jay

    Stanislaw and Maria Polziec and people like them deserve the highest medal of honor the world could ever give. They put their own and their family's lives at risk for years and sacrificed their own livelihood to save another family, that IS the ultimate sacrifice. What amazing people they were, we all need to learn from this. Happy Thanksgiving everyone.

    November 27, 2013 at 6:57 pm |
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The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the day's biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, fostering a global conversation about the role of religion and belief in readers' lives. It's edited by CNN's Daniel Burke with contributions from Eric Marrapodi and CNN's worldwide news gathering team.